Ohio History Journal

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Minutes of Fifth Annual Meeting

Minutes of Fifth Annual Meeting.         241








A Paper Read at the Fifth Annual Meeting of the Society, in the Hall of

the House of Representatives, at Columbus, March 6, 1890.

Generation after generation of pioneers have gradually car-

ried the star of empire westward, until it would seem as if the

work of the pioneer was nearly done. As these hardy and

adventurous men and women have gradually opened up the new

world to civilization, they have been closely followed or accom-

panied by members of the medical profession. These physicians

have shared the hardships and privations of the early settlers,

joined them in their joys and sorrows, helped them to build

their rude homes and to defend them against the natives of the

forest. To the loyal Buckeye, and especially to the descendants

of the Ohio pioneers, Marietta is a hallowed spot. Branching

out from Marietta, the pioneers followed the two great water

courses uniting there, and dotted their banks with settlements.

In these early settlements the members of the medical profes-

sion took a modest but important part. Forty years ago the

late Dr. Samuel Hildreth, of Marietta, wrote a series of bio-

graphical sketches of the early physicians of that place. These

sketches have a short preface, in which occurs the following:

"As a class, no order of men have done more to promote

the good of mankind and develop the resources and natural his-

tory of our country than the physicians, and wherever the well-

educated in that profession are found, they are uniformly seen

on the side of order, morality, science and religion."

What is here given in regard to the Marietta physicians is

obtained almost entirely from Dr. Hildreth's sketches and from

his " Pioneer History."

Doctor Thomas Farley, the son of a revolutionary officer,

emigrated to Marietta in 1788 from Ipswich, Massachusetts. He

went with the little colony in the spring (April 20) of 1789 to

make the settlement some twenty miles up the river, where Bev-


Vol. III-16