Ohio History Journal

470 Ohio

470        Ohio. Arch. and Hist. Society Publications.


Baldwin holds that more than two thousand years have elapsed since the

Mound Builders lived in the Ohio Valley.

In conclusion we are not in a position to state whether the Mound

Builders were the race that exploited the pre-historic horse on this con-

tinent or whether they degenerated into Indians. All we know for a

certainty is that the pre-historic man had a pre-historic horse, and that

he both rode and ate him, and that the horse in improved form still sur-

vives, while the Mound Builders are extinct, and the Red Man is where

he can see his finish-Akron Democrat.






Under the editorship of Mr. Howard D. Manington, a tasty little

volume, amply illustrated, has been issued, giving a detailed account of

the Centennial Celebration of Champaign County, held at Urbana on

the days of July 4th, 5th, and 6th. Under the energetic and patriotic

management of the good people of Urbana, the Centennial proved to be

an event of great interest, and well worthy the conclusion of one hun-

dred years of the historic county. The inauguarting day of the cen-

tennial being also the anniversary day of the nation's natal day, drew

an immense crowd of citizens representing all parts of the state to the

handsome little county seat. Vice President Fairbanks was the orator

of the day and made a patriotic address appropriate to the occasion.

One of the features of the day was a grand parade and "a more mag-

nificent spectacle was never witnessed in this state."  The procession

consisted of platoons of soldiers from the United States Regular Army,

State Militia and a great number of novel features as "floats," decorated

vehicles, masqueraders in fantastic costume, etc. The day was closed

in the evening by a splendid pyrotechnic display in the City Park and

followed by a "smoker" under the auspices of the local press committee,

in honor of Vice President Fairbanks. This was presided over by Hon.

Howard D. Manington, and speeches were made by the Hon. Ralph D.

Cole and Messrs. John H. James, Henry C. McCracken, J. A. Howells

and L. D. Johnson.

July fifth was celebrated as "Pioneer and Home-coming Day," the

exercises being held in the county fair grounds, where several thousand

people, bringing their lunch-baskets, gathered from all sections of the

county and renewed their early memories of Champaign county life and

greeted long absent friends. The formal exercises of the day consisted

of an address by Secretary Randall of the Ohio State Archaeological and

Historical Society, the rendering of musical selections by the Urbana

Band and a mixed chorus of some two hundred voices. Judge E. P.

Middleton presided.


Editorialana.                       471


July sixth was known as "Military Day." A large section of the

state militia under the command of Brigadier General William V. Mc-

Maken paraded the streets of the city, headed by the Eighth Regiment

Band and the Marietta Guards. Governor Herrick and his military staff

reviewed the movements of the troops. This was followed by a gather-

ing at the fair grounds, where speeches were made by Col. W. R. War-

nock, Governor Myron T. Herrick and Senator C. W. Dick. In the

evening there was held a fitting closing feature which was really the

literary event of the week. The exercises were held in Clifford's Theatre,

which was filled to its utmost capacity by an interested audience who

listened to addresss by Governor Herrick, Senator Dick, Secretary of

State Laylin, Lieutenant Governor Harding and Mr. Howard D. Man-

ington, who presided.

The volume mentioned at the beginning of this item contains the

proceedings of these various days in full, with reports of the speeches

and much additional matter pertaining to the history of Urbana and

Champaign county.   Particularly valuable is the historical matter by

Mr. John W. Ogden, Rev. Charles S. Wood, Mr. J. T. Woodward and

Mr. I. N. Keyser, Superintendent of the Public Schools of Urbana.






The Richland County Historical Society has just issued a neat little

pamphlet containing the proceedings of the society, beginning with its

first annual meeting, Saturday, June 10, 1899, and closing with the pro-

ceedings of its last annual meeting held in the G. A. R. rooms of the

Memorial Building, Mansfield, June 7th, 1905. At this latter meeting

a most interesting program was carried out. An address was delivered

by the Rev. Joshua Crawford on the ill-fated and memorable "Expedition

of Col. William Crawford" in the summer of 1782 against the Sandusky

Indians. Rev. Crawford is a collateral descendant of the famous subject

of his address. We regret that space does not permit of our publishing

this address, but the subject has been treated in a scholarly manner by

Judge J. H. Anderson in a previous number of the Quarterly. Other

addresses were delivered by the Hon. W. G. Geer, representing the Rich-

land County delegation; Mrs. James R. Hopley, Bucyrus, by special request

delivered the address given by her at the Ohio Centennial Celebration at

Chillicothe on "The Part Taken by Women in the History and Develop-

ment of Ohio;" Prof. Sample, of Perrysville, Mr. Hiram R. Smith and

Mr. Peter Bissman, of Mansfield, rendered short talks.  Prof. Sample

has one of the largest collections of archaeological and historical relics in

Ohio. Mr. Hiram Smith has reached the honorable age of ninety-three

years, and when called for remarks responded by reciting,