Ohio History Journal

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578       Ohio. Arch. and Hist. Society Publications.


stead it is now believed they are the remains of sacred places, half

temples, where the dead were prepared for burial, which was by crema-

tion. Inside this enclosure were divisions corresponding, in a way, to

the family burying lot and in these the ashes and the trinkets of the

dead were deposited. When these were full the enclosure was filled

up and the mound thus erected became a sort of monument, not to one

person, or one family, but to the dead of an entire community.

The atlas, for which all this work is being done, will be published

by the society, which is state supported.  When completed it will be

the final word on archaeology, particularly as that science relates to

Ohio. Whether the book shall be made encyclopedic as well as up to

the minute, is a point that has not been determined. Data for any

exhaustive treatment of the subject is at hand and is being prepared,

but whether it is to be incorporated in this book is for the future

to decide. It may be that only enough letter press will be employed

to properly explain and amplify the various plates.

So far the work has cost less than was anticipated. Acting under

the suggestion of Mr. Mills every possible expense has been eliminated.

When completed it will be the only one of its kind in the world.




A goodly percentage of the members of Old Northwest Chapter

D. A. R. and many friends were present August 18, 1909, at Ravenna,

Ohio, at the ceremonies attendant upon the unveiling of a monu-

ment to Capt. Samuel Brady, near the spot where he hid himself from

the Indians in the waters of the lake which now bears his name.

The marker had been set in place some days previous and after all

present had gathered near the exercises opened with the singing of

America. Mrs. W. H. Beebe, who had charge of the ceremonies, then

introduced Miss Eunice Strickland, who read a short history of Capt.

Brady and his achievements, prepared by herself for the occasion. Her

address complete concludes this article. At the close of her remarks

the monument was ceremoniously unveiled by Miss Treva Mae Allen,

daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Allen. R. S. Webb was then an-

nounced, who thanked the Daughters in behalf of Ravenna and Franklin

for the work they had done. He commended them for their efforts

to keep alive an interest in historical matters and told them that

posterity would owe a great debt to them for the existence of many

similar monuments and markers. He said he hoped the good work so

auspiciously begun would go on. Mrs. Garrard then spoke briefly of

the reasons why the marker had been placed where it is, and Mrs.

Beebe explained why the present name had been chosen for the chapter.

She said the marker would be placed in charge of John Williston, who

lives nearby, and Wallace Merrill, who owns the land where it is


Editorialana.                        579


placed. Dr. F. F. H. Pope of Kent was then introduced and told of

his acquaintance, both personal and by hearsay, with several of the

early pioneers and Indian fighters. Miss Julia Sawyer of Kent sang

a medley of patriotic airs and the dedication was over. Miss Strick-

land's address follows in full:

The material for this paper was gathered from several different

sources, first from old historic records of early frontier life in the

Western Reserve as recorded by one of Brady's friends in a letter

found in a volume of records in the New York State Library at Albany,

N. Y.; second, from "Howe's Historical Collections of Ohio;" third,

from the account as given to J. R. Williston, of Brady Lake, by old

Mr. Haymaker, one of the early pioneers of this section.

The region known as "The Western Reserve" at the coming of the

white man was one vast unbroken wilderness, inhabited by Indians

and wild animals. Where today are broad cultivated fields, hamlets,

towns and thriving cities the wild deer then browsed and the pheasant

drummed his monotonous notes. Where today steam and electric cars

speed through the country, the light canoe was once borne swiftly

along by the steady dip of the paddle; where today are broad highways

there were then only the narrow Indian trails stealthily followed by the

red man and later by bold frontier traders.

Closely associated with the early history of this particular section

of country was a noted Indian fighter, Captain Brady, the Daniel

Boone of Ohio, for whom this beautiful lake is named, because of his

miraculous escape from his Indian pursuers by hiding in its waters.

Little is known of his early life, but it is said that he was a

relative of General Hugh Brady, an American general who served under

Wayne and won distinction for his bravery. According to one record

Brady was left an orphan at an early age, and that he went to live

with relatives, whether with General Brady or not is not certain. The

family with whom he lived had previously adopted a lad named Simon

Girty, who was the same age as the orphan lad. The two boys be-

came close comrades and grew to young manhood sharing'together many

bold adventures and hairbreadth escapes incident to the rugged frontier

life of those early days.

A frightful Indian massacre occurred in the small settlement and

nearly every family met death at the hands of the cruel Indians, how-

ever Brady and Girty made their escape. Each took a different course

in flight but both settled in the great western wilderness. Brady, like

Hannibal of old, "vowed eternal vengeance" upon the Indians, and soon

after his escape he led a bold band of traders and adventurers, while

strange to relate, Girty became chief of several Indian tribes and a

dreaded enemy of the white settler. Thus the former close comrades

of boyhood days became the heads of intensely hostile forces, and it

is said that they met many times in battle without recognition. It has

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580       Ohio. Arch. and Hist. Society Publications.


been a source of great wonder how Girty could have turned upon the

white settlers, unless some drops of fierce Indian blood coursed through

his veins.

According to "Howe's Historical Collections of Ohio," about 1780

a band of Indians near the Cuyahoga made an attack upon Catfish

Camp, south of the Ohio River, in the southern part of what is now

known as Washington county.

To avenge the murder of a number of families Captain Brady

immediately gathered a small force of picked daring men and started

in swift pursuit of the marauders, but the start which the Indians

had, prevented their capture.

Near Ravenna the Indians divided, one party going north, the other

west to Cuyahoga Falls. Brady also divided his force, a number fol-

lowing the northern trail, the remainder going directly towards the

Indian village near North Hampton township, Summit county.

Notwithstanding Brady's extreme caution the Indians awaited him

with four times his force, and so finding retreat scarcely possible,

Brady quickly ordered his men to separate.   However the Indians

gave pursuit to Brady alone because of their deadly hatred of the bold

leader who had so often worsted them in fight.

Another account states that Brady with but twenty men, attempted

an attack upon the Indian village at Sandusky, and that the Indians,

having in some way found out his plan, waylaid his force near Kent.

This account further states that the Indians were in ambush and that

in the terrible hand to hand conflict, all the men excepting Captain

Brady and one other fell. With his one surviving companion he sought

refuge in the dense forest: the Indians pursued them and Captain

Brady was finally captured and taken to Sandusky.

The arrival of the prisoner and his captors at the Indian village

was hailed with great joy, for the Indians had often met Brady in

unsuccessful fights and his capture therefore was a source of general

rejoicing. Swift runners were at once dispatched to spread the glad

news among the other tribes.

Meantime great preparations were made for his execution, which

was to be a great occasion celebrated by dancing and feasting. Though

entirely unknown to him Captain Brady's manly appearance had won

the sympathy of an Indian chief's daughter who begged her father

to spare his life, but she was severely rebuked for her appeal in his


On the day appointed for the execution, thousands of gaily decked

warriors were gathered around the funeral pile, to which the un-

fortunate victim was bound. Just as the torch was about to be applied

Captain Brady suddenly recognized among the chiefs his old boyhood

friend, Simon Girty, for whom he had a brotherly affection. Captain

Brady made a strong appeal, but the chief pretended not to know


Editorialana.                       581


him and finally to Brady's last appeal, which should have melted the

heart of a savage, refused any aid to save his old time friend. This

most heartless act on Girty's part but seems to prove that savage blood

did course in his veins, and that a savage life was more to his liking

than that of the white settlers.

Thus condemned Brady was to be burned alive at the stake, the

torch was applied and the red flames shot upward about the helpless

victim, but just, at that moment the Indian maiden sprang forward to

cut his bonds, when, by an almost superhuman effort, Captain Brady

broke his fetters, and wholly unaware that the maiden was trying to

free him, and feeling that something must be done instantly, he gave

the poor Indian girl a great push which made her fall on the burning

pile. As he had expected there was a moment when the Indians were

almost stricken dumb, and consternation reigned among the women and


Captain Brady, though greatly weakened by his long march and

stiffened from being bound to the stake, lost not a single second in

making the best of this excitement, and bounded away into the depths

of the forest. It was unquestionably a race for life as very many swift

Indian runners had immediately set out in his pursuit. The forest

rang with the red man's signal cries as the escaped Captain plunged

through its dark recesses closely followed by his enraged pursuers. The

race continued until Brady leaped the Cuyahoga River which he had

intended to cross at the great stone ford, however the Indians had

cunningly divided their forces and as he drew near the place he caught

sight of a band on the opposite shore. His only hope therefore was to

outrun his pursuers who were certainly gaining upon him and at

Kent, where the Indians were close upon his track, Captain Brady

leaped the Cuyahoga.

The rushing water coursed swiftly through the dark chasm whose

straight, narrow, rocky walls rose from twenty to thirty feet, fringed

with overhanging trees. It was "Scylla or Charybdis," and the bold

hunter delayed not a moment, but leaped and landed on a ledge of rock

above the water's level. His fall, however, was partly broken by catch-

ing at some of the overhanging branches. He took but a moment in

which to gather himself up and then ran on.

The Indians had exulted in the thought that Brady was trapped,

but when he suddenly disappeared their exultation changed to a super-

stitious awe, for they thought the man must be a god to vanish so

suddenly and so completely. For his unaccountable disappearance the

Indians called him the "Wild Turkey," and carved a large turkey foot

on the rock which was later cut away and taken to Buchtel College as

an Indian relic.

Just before his wonderful leap of some twenty-five feet the

Indians had slightly wounded Brady in the hip and so disabled him a

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little and after a careful search they found some blood stains and with

a mighty war whoop dashed on his pursuit once more. By this time Cap-

tain Brady's strength was nearly spent and he ran with difficulty, but self

preservation was strong and he still pressed on through the tangled

forest hoping to reach a place of safety. About three or four miles

from Kent he hid himself beneath a great chestnut log in the quiet

waters of this pretty lake, and managed to get air through some water

reeds which grew in the lake.

Captain Brady had taken the utmost precaution to destroy all

evidences of his trail and had succeeded so well that when the Indians

came up and searched carefully for their victim they did not find the

slightest trace of him and so concluded that he had drowned himself in

the lake or that, being wounded, he had been drowned while trying to

escape. However they lingered around the lake for a time, and Brady,

in his safe retreat, heard their angry words and decision which he

understood from his knowledge of the Indian language. And as soon

as he thought it safe set out for the white settlement where he ar-

rived a little later.

His friends could scarcely credit his story, but found that he had

indeed had a race for life and rejoiced with him that it had not been

in vain.

Captain Brady renewed his warfare upon the Indians and at one

time captured several single handed and, marching by night, and hiding

by day, took them a distance of many miles.

The place where he made his bold leap has since been known as

"Brady's Leap," the hill down which he ran as "Brady's Hill," and

this lake in which he hid is still known as "Brady's Lake."





Judge Allen Smalley, of Upper Sandusky, in a letter made public

some years ago, located to within one acre, the exact spot upon which

Col. CRAWFORD was burned.

"On the 11th day of June, 1782, Col. William CRAWFORD was burned

at the stake by the Wyandot and Delaware Indians about half a mile

north-east of the site of CRAWFORDsville, in this county. No man knows

the exact spot where the execution occurred. The Indians, Dr. Knight

and Simon Girty, knew exactly where the burning took place, but as

to the particular point where the cruel deed was done the balance of

mankind must be content with hearsay tradition.  Colonel Butterfield

tried to locate the tragic spot in the light of first and second-hand

hearsay; and others seek now to walk to the exact spot in the light

given by Colonel Butterfield.