Ohio History Journal



THE OLD NORTHWEST: with a View of the Thirteen Colonies as Consti-

tuted by Royal Charters. By B. A. Hinsdale, Ph. D. New York: Town-

send Mac Coun. 1888.

The importance of the Northwest Territory has been fully emphasized

during the present year by centennial celebrations of various kinds, begin-

ning with that at Marietta, in April last, of which the full proceedings were

published in the last issue of the QUARTERLY. While many parts of the

history of this region have been fully investigated by students, and the re-

sults given to the world, Dr. Hinsdale's book is the first that has attempted

to present a complete and connected sketch of the beginnings of the whole

Northwest and its organization into states. In his preface Dr. Hinsdale

says: " Save New England alone, there is no section of the United States

embrace      several states that is so distinct an historical unit . . . . as

the Old Northwest. To portray those features of this region that make it

an historical unit is the central purpose of this book."

The author's conception is a good one, and in carrying it out he has pro-

duced a most valuable work. After treating of the French discovery and

colonization of the Northwest and its surrender by the French to the Eng-

lish in 1763, the author paves the way for a discussion of the conflicting

colonial claims to the territory, by two excellent chapters upon the charter

grants of the old thirteen colonies. The discussion of the western land

policy of the British from 1763 to 1775, which follows, was previously

printed in substantially the same form in the QUARTERLY of last December,

with Dr. Hinsdale's permission.

The discussion of the Northwestern land-claims and cessions is full and

accurate, and that of the ordihances of 1785 and 1787, while containing

little that has not been printed before is clearly and convincingly stated.

The division of the territory into states, the organization of those states and

a chapter on the progress of the territory during the first century, complete

a work the value of which can hardly be overestimated.

Dr. Hinsdale has been a careful investigator and the value of the work

has been greatly increased by the abundant references given. We notice

however, that in several instances he gives as his authorities works which

are themselves not in any sense "original sources," when a reference to the

original authority or document would have been equally easy and more

scholarly. Numerous extracts from important but scarce documents are

a valuable feature for close readers and students. As a whole the work

will take its rank as an accurate, scholarly, and comprehensive discussion of

the discovery, organization and development of the Northwest.


Archaeology of Ohio. By M. C. Read. Cleveland: Western Reserve His.

torical Society.

The Identification of The Society of the Cincinnati with the Settlement of

the Northwest Territory. By Mrs. L. A. Alderman. Pamphlet, pp. 26.

Marietta, Ohio, 1888.

American Journal of Archaeology, June, 1888. Boston: Ginn & Co.