Ohio History Journal

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40 Ohio Arch

40        Ohio Arch. and His. Society Publications.  [VOL. 3




Mr. Barlow had written Colonel Duer early in December,

1789, that huts must be built on land opposite the mouth of the

Great Kanawha to accommodate at least one hundred persons.

The cost of these huts was to be paid by the agent of the immi-

grants upon their arrival. In March, 1790, General Rufus Put-

nam, as agent for the Trustees for the Scioto Associates, em-

ployed John Burnham of Essex, Massachusetts, to enlist in New

England a company of fifty young men who were expert wood-

men and who would submit to military discipline. They were

to be employed for six months and were to build the huts on the

site selected for the city of Gallipolis, to assist in clearing the

lands adjacent, to act as hunters when required and to keep such

guard as might be necessary. There was peace along the border,

but it was an "Indian peace," and the frontier was infested by

marauders, white, red and black. No better leader for such a

party than John Burnham could have been found. He had

served as an officer of the line through the war of the Revolu-

tion and was present at every important battle from Bunker Hill

to Yorktown. The company he commanded in the eighth Mas-

sachusetts regimiment was, in 1782, complimented in general

orders by General Washington himself for its "soldier-like and

military appearance." He quickly enlisted the company and on

the twenty-ninth of May, 1790, reported to Gen. Putnam at

Wellsburg, on the Ohio river with thirty-six men. Of the fifty

whose services had been engaged ten had not yot joined and four

had deserted. The following is the roll, omitting the names of

the deserters: