Ohio History Journal

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The compilation of official documents and state papers which

follows this introduction was made for the purpose of collecting

together the established and historical evidences of the title to

the landed area now known as the State of Ohio.

The English Charters which were granted in the beginning

of the seventeenth century form the fountain head of the title

of the United States subsequently acquired from Great Britain

by the treaty of 1783. It is historically valuable to study these

charters with a view to a more thorough understanding of this


In 1606, April 10, James I. of England, on petition of Sir

Thomas Gates, Sir George Somers and others, issued a charter

empowering them and their associates to establish two colonies

named in the charter as the "First Colony" and "Second Colony."

The "First Colony" is known in history as the "London Com-

pany" because it was composed, to use the language of the charter,

of "Adventurers of and for our City of London." It had its

headquarters in the chief city of England. Its grant, territorially

speaking, covered a strip of sea coast fifty miles broad, extend-

ing from the thirty-fourth to the forty-first parallel, with all the

islands within one hundred miles of the shore. No settlements

were to be permitted to the interior or the rear of this strip except

upon written permission of the Colonial Council. By the same

charter certain privileges were granted to "Second Colony"

which was composed of citizens of Plymouth, England, and is

therefore referred to historically as the "Plymouth Company."

To this company the charter granted the land lying between

the thirty-eighth and forty-fifth parallels. It will be seen that

the three degrees of territory between the thirty-eighth and for-

ty-first parallels were embraced in both charters, but conflict of

jurisdiction was avoided by providing that neither colony should