PRE-HISTORIC EARTHWORKS OF RICHLAND
BY A. J. BAUGHMAN.
Secretary Richland County Historical
"Here stand mounds, erected by a
Unknown in history or in poets'
In our own county we see evidences of a
whose origin and fate are unknown. We
know of them only by
the monuments they reared in the form of
earth-works, and as
these principally are mounds, we call
the people who made them
"Mound Builders." The term is
not a distinguishing one, for
people the world over have been mound
builders, more or less,
from generation to generation.
In no other country are earth-works more
into classes than here in America. In
some places fortified hills
and eminences suggest the citadel of a
tribe or people. Again,
embankments, circular or square,
separate and in combination,
enclosing, perhaps, one or more mounds,
excite our curiosity, but
fail to satisfy it, and we ask,
"Are these fading embankments the
boundaries of sacred enclosures, or the
fortifications of a camp,
or the foundations on which were built
In the Blackfork valley-especially the
part taken from Rich-
land and given to Ashland county-there
are numerous mounds
and other earth-works, but only a few
can be considered in the
limit of this paper.
On the southwest quarter of section 17,
Green township, half
a mile northwest of Greentown, there was
in the years agone a
circular embankment embracing about half
an acre of ground.
The embankment was about five feet in
height in the days of old
Greentown. There was a
"gate-way" to the west, about twelve
feet wide. In the center of the
enclosure there was a mound into
which excavations were made about fifty
years ago to the depth
of nine feet, which appeared to be the
depth of the artificial work.
Coal, wood and feathers were found in
the lower strata.