Ohio History Journal

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[Address delivered at the Centennial Celebration of the Admission of

Ohio into the Federal Union, held under the Auspices of the Ohio

Republican Association of Washington City, May 23, 1903.]



One hundred years ago a portion of what was known as the

Northwest Territory was admitted as a State into the Federal

Union. By an act of Congress the people of the future state were

to give it a name. Subsequently the name Ohio was selected.

It was the fourth state admitted into the Union since the

establishment of the Federal Government on the 4th of March,


During the present week the people of Ohio have duly

celebrated this event, and it is eminently proper for this Associa-

tion, in this formal way and in the capital of the nation, to recog-

nize the centennial of the admission of its state into the Federal

Union. It is the only time in a hundredyears such a celebration

would have been appropriate, and it will be another hundred years

before it will be appropriate again.

In area the state is not large, being less than the average area

of the states which constitute the Union and embracing about

twenty-six million acres of land or forty-four thousand square

miles of territory, which is subdivided into eighty-eight counties.

Geographically, the location was exceedingly favorable for

future development. The great Northwest Territory a hundred

years ago was attracting the attention of the nation and the

world. Ohio, bounded on the south by the Ohio river and on the

north by Lake Erie, constituted the gateway through which the

mighty tide of population passed on its western march, and in

addition to those who moved there for the purpose of establishing

homes, many who had determined to locate farther west were in-

duced by the fertility of her soil, her favorable location, and her

bright prospects, to settle and remain within her boundary. From

the day when she was admitted as a state she has been a most

conspicuous part of the Federal Union.