Ohio History Journal

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Few exhibits in the Louisiana Purchase Exposition at St. Louis

attract more interest than that of the Ohio State Archaeological and His-

torical Society, excellently located in the Anthropological Building. The

Society is certainly to be congratulated upon the success of its exhibit and

the commendations it has received from archaeological students and

scholars who visit it and give it patient attention. There is no presenta-

tion of the remains of the Mound Builders and pre-historic men at the Ex-

position more complete or admirably displayed, and leading archaeologists

from all parts of the world who have seen it pay high compliment to Mr.

Mills, the curator, for the work he has done and the skillful and artistic

manner in which he has arranged the exhibit.  We quote from one of

the St. Louis papers of late date a readable interview by the re-

porter with Professor Mills.  It is as follows:



"Now that," declared William C. Mills, "is a great work of art."

Since George Williamson held the same opinion, and since the one gentle-

man is a leading archaeologist of Ohio and the other of a similar position

in Louisiana, the matter is worth pondering.

"That," is a small clay effigy which rests serenely upon its back, the

principal treasure in the large archaeological or anthropological collection

of Ohio in the Anthropology building.  It was dug out of an Ohio mound

and was modeled by some mound-builder countless centuries ago.

The image is about 8 inches long, dirty brown in color, speckled with

black spots. The arms parallel the body, the legs are extremely conven-

tional, while the attitude would be very uncomfortable if attempted, being

that of a man trying to rest his weight upon shoulder blades, the groin

and heels, with the head, held up stiffly from the ground. The features

are grotesque and the expression at the lips approaches an absurd grin.

You remark that, whatever of scientific interest the relic may pos-

sess, it does not appeal to you as a work of art.

"But, undoubtedly it is," declared Mr. Mills, with some heat. "It

should rank with the finest sculpture to be found in the Palace of Fine

Arts. Representing the art endeavor of a prehistoric people, it is as much

art, and more so than the grotesqueries of medieval times. To the people

who made it, it was so wonderful that they doubtless worshiped it.