Ohio History Journal

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286 Ohio Arch

286        Ohio Arch. and Hist. Society Publications.


worship. It may have been the great religious temple of the mound

builders for the Ohio Valley. The book gives a full account of the

rescue of the mound from destruction, by Prof. F. W. Putnam, the

eminent American archaeologist of Cambridge, Mass. Professor Putnam

succeeded in interesting some worthy and philanthropic ladies of Boston

who purchased the property, restored it and presented it to the Peabody

Museum. The latter institution subsequently transferred it to the trus-

tees of Harvard University who in turn (1900) deeded it to the Ohio

State Archaeological and Historical Society under whose care and control

it now remains. This wonderful and awe-inspiring relic of the mound

builders is the greatest of its kind in magnitude and mystery in the

entire territory in which the mound builders of America seemed to have

found field for their strange monuments. In this volume the author

gives not only a complete and accurate description of the serpent but also

the various theories advanced by the leading archaeological writers and

students upon its origin, age and use. A large portion of the volume is

further devoted to the worship of the serpent, perhaps the primal form

of worship in the most primitive stage of nearly every race. The little

volume has met with a most welcome reception not only by students and

scholars but the general reader who is interested in the curious and inex-

plicable. The author has devoted much careful attention to the literature

on the worship of the serpent and has consulted nearly all of the authori-

ties now accessible upon this fascinating subject. The mound was first

described by Squier and Davis in their monumental volume on the mounds

of the Mississippi Valley and which was published about 1848 under the

auspices of the Smithsonian Institute. The monthly publication known

as RECORDS OF THE PAST, published in Washington, D. C., and edited by

Professor G. Frederick Wright and Mr. Frederick Bennett Wright, in its

April number presents a very complete and complimentary review of the

book, reproducing many of its illustrations. In conclusion the reviewer

says: "Much could he written as to the various theories held by differ-

ent people, but a very good idea has been given by Mr. Randall of the

most commonly accepted theory by the persons who have studied the

subject carefully. Altogether this little book is the most authoritative

treatise upon the Serpent Mound of Ohio which we have seen, and we

can confidently recommend it to the circle of readers of the RECORDS OF





Another volume issued by the Ohio State Archaeological and His-

torical Society late in the fall of 1905 and which has not yet been noticed

in the pages of the Quarterly is the "HISTORY OF THE OHIO CANALS; their

construction, cost, use and partial abandonement." This volume contain-

ing some 200 pages is the result of the studies of two post-graduate