Ohio History Journal

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The Croghan Celebration

The Croghan Celebration.                  35






We have met today on this ground, famous in history, because of

the victorious defence of Fort Stephenson, then standing on this spot,

by Major George Croghan, and the band of he-

roes under his command, ninety-three years

ago,--not only to commemorate that brilliant

achievement, but also to further consecrate and

make sacred the spot by the re-interment of the

remains of its gallant defender.

To Col. Webb C. Hayes great praise is due,

for his patriotic, persistent and successful quest

for the grave of the hero, and in procuring evi-

dence conclusive of the identity of the body,

which, with the casket enclosing the same he

caused to be brought here for interment. His

efforts have been loyally seconded by the ladies

of the George Croghan Chapter, D. A. R., of this

city, who recently dedicated a commemorative

tablet near the spot from which the British cannon bombarded the fort.

The tablet reads as follows:


Near this spot

British cannon from Commodore Barclay's fleet bombarded

Major Croghan in Fort Stephenson August 1, and 2, 1813.

General Proctor attempted to capture the fort by assault with

his Wellington veterans, assisted by Indians under Tecumseh.

Major Croghan with only 160 men and one cannon

"Old Betsy,"repulsed the assault.

The British retreated to their ships with many killed and wounded,

but leaving Lt. Col. Short, Lieut. Gordon

and 25 soldiers of the 41st regiment dead in the ditch.

Commodore Barclay was wounded and with his entire fleet including

the cannon used against Fort Stephenson was captured by

Commodore Perry at the battle of Lake Erie, Sept. 10, 1813.

General Proctor, with his British regulars, was defeated and

Tecumseh with many of his Indians, was killed by

General Harrison at the battle of the Thames, Oct. 5, 1813.

Major Croghan was awarded a gold medal and each

of his officers a sword by the congress of the United States

for gallantry in the defense of Fort Stephenson.

Erected by the George Croghan Chapter, D. A. R.


It is not for me, in this paper, to enter into any detailed account

of the engagement, or any description of the fort; nor to enter into

details of the causes or military movements that led up to the attack,