Ohio History Journal

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[Mr. Cone is a resident of Hamilton, Ohio. During a long life he

has been a student of Ohio history, has written many articles for publica-

tion and with Mr. Bert S. Bartlow was one of the co-editors of the

Centennial History of Butler County.-- EDITOR.]

In the far-famed Miami valley, nine miles below Hamilton,

on the banks of the Miami river, more than one hundred and

fourteen years ago, there occurred an incident of our pioneer

annals that on account of its local character may be of interest

to recount in these columns. We speak of the Indian attack

upon Dunlap's station, later called Fort Dunlap, afterward Col-

erain, located upon the east bank of the Miami, just below the

iron bridge crossing that river on the Colerain turnpike at

Venice.   It was a stirring event in the history of Hamilton

county. It occurred on the 9th, 10th and 11th of January, 1791.

Dunlap's station was a military blockhouse, erected for the

protection of a settlement of pioneers who went out from the

garrison at Fort Washington to clear and settle the lands along

the Big Miami. It was the custom for those whose lands were

in the same neighborhood to unite, as one party or family.

Judge Burnet says: "Each party erected a strong block-

house, near to which their cabins were put up, and the whole was

enclosed by strong log pickets. This being done they commenced

clearing their lands and preparing for planting their crops. Dur-

ing the day, while they were at work, one person was placed as

sentinel to warn them of their approaching danger. At sunset

they retired to the blockhouse and their cabins, taking every-

thing of value within the pickets. In this manner they pro-

ceeded from day to day and from week to week, till their im-

provements were sufficiently extensive to support their families.

During this time they depended for subsistence on wild game

obtained at some hazard, more than on the scant supplies which

they were able to procure from the settlement on the river.