Ohio History Journal

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Editorialana.                      111


living authorities. He informed me at that time that he had been trying

to induce Professor Wright to visit Wadsworth, for that purpose. Every

one who is acquainted with Capt. T. D. Wolbach knows that it is utterly

impossible for him to deceive. Habit makes character, and his word

alone is worth most men's bond.





[As a sample of the various curious theories advanced by dif-

ferent writers concerning the purposes of the mounds, we give the fol-

lowing, written by Dr. I. N. Smith, Westerville, Ohio, and published

some time ago in The Ohio State Journal. - EDITOR.]

Were the earthworks which the Mound-Builders left built for dwell-

ing places? Dr. I. N. Smith of Westerville is urging this theory. He


The unknown has a certain fascination for many who will work

away for years, or until the mystery will be in certain degree solved.

We, as a people, have been planted on this American continent, where

we found a people scattered over its entire extent, who knew nothing

of the people who preceded them. They knew nothing as to who built

these ancient works, nor what became of them. The people we found

here-The American Indians-or native Americans-showed different

physical build, according to the tribes to which they belonged.

Not so the Mound-builders. So far as can be ascertained, they

presented a certain fixed type of manhood, that was alike over the whole

extent of the North American continent. Their works were alike. How

came this similarity over so vast an extent, where the only communi-

cation was by footpaths and trails?

A theory to be of any value must account for existing known facts,

or a greater percentage of the known facts than some other theory.

The theory I wish to advance now is that these people came from the

south, gradually working farther north along our system of rivers,

going south each year with birds and returning to their northern haunts

the next spring. This ebb and flow of a people who gradually increased

until they became millions were the means by which we find the simi-

larity of physical constitution and the sameness of all their works.




Now let us look at the enigma--the mound. There has been too

much judging by our own mode of living-by our own civilization-

by what might be termed "extreme poetic license," if I may be allowed

such an expression. Let us again theorize. Suppose that after these people

had grown in numbers to such an extent that the locality where they

spent the greater part of the year began to be of some value. Well, sup-