Ohio History Journal

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History's tales have inspired the great artist to his magnifi-

cent pictures, the bard to lofty epics, the composer to stirring

national hymns. Her illustrious name calls forth a brilliant ar-

ray; nation follows upon nation--Assyrian and Egyptian,

Greek and Roman, Celt and Gaul, Teuton and Anglo-

Saxon. We hear of primitive peoples and the highest civiliza-

tions, of the rise and the fall of nations. History has set her

seal upon them, upon their religions and laws; to all she has

meted out equal justice, but to the one mighty race her adaman-

tine pencil has denied a record. That people whose vestiges we

trace with the greatest of interest is unknown to us and we have

given them the name of "Mound-builders" from the works they

erected in North America.

In the history of our own country we see how the white

race supplanted the Redman and cultivated his beautiful forests.

At first they were. satisfied with the fertile lands east of the

mountains, but soon the bolder and more venturesome traversed

the mountain barriers, penetrated the forests and returned with

glowing accounts of the natural wealth in which the western

valley abounded. Then, after the Revolutionary War was over

and we breathed as a free nation, 258 officers in the Continental

army petitioned Congress to give them land in the Ohio Valley

north of the river in payment for their services. The petition-

ers knew from the early trappers and traders how fertile this

valley was, but they did not know that they were the third race

to select the banks of the Ohio for their abode; that the Indian

and, before them, another mighty people had built their homes

there. The settlers chose for their metropolis the present site

of Cincinnati, and in the hardships endured, these pioneers lost

sight of the meaning of various embankments, enclosures and

mounds found on the chosen location.