Ohio History Journal

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344 Ohio Arch

344        Ohio Arch. and Hist. Society Publications.


Of which we too may but a portion be

In that sum-total solidarity

Of human beings spread across the earth

In generations, birth succeeding birth-

The living who raise the citadels we know,

The dead whose bones earth bosomed long ago.


And this good company that meets today

Proves the large truth of what I've sought to say;

For why should we, whose daily tasks alone

So press upon us that we scarcely own

The present hour, still take on us to gaze

Back on the parted, the forgotten days;

Why should we leave the quest for daily bread,

To quest for relics of the savage dead;

Why should we leave our figuring for gold

To figure out a vanished world of old?-

Except that thus in human nature lurks,

Except that thus in human nature works

Some sense of common comradry and kin

With human life, wherever it has been,

And in the use of such a sense we find

Enlargement for our human heart and mind.


Dr. Carl Russell Fish, professor of American history in the

University of Wisconsin, furnished the final number on the pro-

gram. His very instructive address entitled, "The Relation of

Archaeology to History, is here presented.





The derivation of the word archaeology gives little idea of its

present use. "The study of antiquity" is at once too broad in scope

and too limited in time, for the followers of a dozen other "ologies" are

studying antiquity, while the archaeologist does not confine himself to

that period. The definition of the word in the new English dictionary

corrects the first of these errors, but emphasizes the second, for it

describes it as: "The scientific study of remains and monuments of the

prehistoric period." This obviously will not bear examination, as the

bulk of archeological endeavor falls within the period which is considered

historical, and I cannot conceive any period prehistoric, about which

archeology, or any other science, can give us information. Actually, time

has nothing whatever to do with the limitations of archaeology, and to

think of it as leaving off where history begins, is to misconceive them