Ohio History Journal

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The generations who were active participants in the events

which constitute the early history of Ohio having passed away,

it seems to me the imperative duty of those now living, whose

early life overlapped the survivors of the active participants in

the stirring events of that earlier period, to place on record any

recollections they may have of the stories told by those old sur-

vivors tending to identify the localities connected with such his-

torical events. I therefore venture to submit the following com-

munication relative to certain localities of historical interest, at

and near the town of Coshocton, with a view to its preservation

in the Archives of the Ohio State Archaeological and Historical


In so doing it is proper to state, in explanation of my source

of information, that I was born and raised in the town of Coshoc-

ton; that my Grand-mother, the widow of David Johnson, of

County Tyrone, Ireland, married James Renfrew, of Coshocton

and brought her five children to that place about 1820, while some

of the Indians still remained in the vicinity.

From statements of my father, W. K. Johnson, and my

Uncle, John Johnson, and also of some of the older settlers who

still survived in my boyhood days, among whom I may mention

Captain Neff and Jesse Workman, I have information which I

feel should be placed of record before it is wholly lost.

First. The Indian Village of "Cush-og-wenk,"* (improperly

*In the records of the several expeditions into this region, the

name of this Indian Village is generally misspelled Gosh-og-wenk. In

the Delaware tongue "Cush" is Bear. "Cush-og," Black Bear, and "wenk"

is town. In central Pennsylvania the word survives in the names of

certain streams, in the following forms, viz.: "Cush Creek"-Bear Creek;

"Cushian Creek"-Cub Creek; "Cush Cushian"-Bear and Cub Creek.

The termination "wenk" was Anglicised by the early settlers, and the

place become known as "Cush-og-town," from which it derived the later

and present form "Coshocton."