Ohio History Journal

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In the early times the roads or passages cut through the

heavy timber of the country were called "traces" or "trails,"

and thus we read about "Zane's trace," the roadway cut by

Ebenezer Zane, his brother Jonathan, and his son-in-law, John

McIntyre, from Wheeling, on the Ohio River in Virginia, to the

Limestone, on the Ohio River in Kentucky, the first "trace,"

roadway or passage from the East to this section of the great


The trace which the Zanes and McIntyre cut from Wheel-

ing to the Limestone followed almost entirely the old Indian

trails which had been made by long continued usage by the

Indians in their passage to and from the Northeast and South-

west, and is substantially an easy and short line from Wheeling

to Maysville. For this labor the Zanes and McIntyre were

given sections of land at the crossings of the rivers at Zanes-

ville, Lancaster and Chillicothe.

And again we hear of "Hull's trace" or trail, the rough pas-

sage way cut through the timber from Ohio to the Canada border

at Brownstown, for the passage of Gen. Hull's army on its way

to attack the English under Gen. Brock.

And again we read about "Gen. Harrison's trail," from

Franklinton through the present counties of Delaware, Marion,

Wyandot, Seneca, and Sandusky, to Fort Meigs, - all the way

being dotted with newly built forts,-and thence to the battle-

ground of that splendid victory of the Thames.

And again we read of Col. Clay's trail, of Harrison's army,

on its way via Forts Piqua, St. Marys, Jennings, Winchester and

Meigs, to the battle-ground of the Thames.

These traces or trails were in many respects very properly

named for they were simply rough passages cut through the

heavy timber to enable the army to pass with its baggage, ar-

tillery and transportation towards the objective point of attack.