Ohio History Journal

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404 Ohio Arch

404       Ohio Arch. and Hist. Society Publications

the crowds cheered and waved their hats and handker-

chiefs until the automobiles bearing the president and

his party passed out of the grounds.

The evening of the Fourth was observed by a daz-

zling display of fireworks, witnessed by thousands.

The likenesses of President Harding, Eber Baker and

General Pershing were reproduced in fireworks display.

The morning program of the Fifth of July was

presided over by George B. Christian, Sr.       The first

speaker was former Governor, James E. Campbell,

President of the Ohio State Archaeological and Histori-

cal Society. His address on Patriotic Ohio and Pa-

triotic Marion follows:

"As today's part in the Marion centennial is largely designed

to honor the American Legion, it would seem appropriate that

this address should be devoted to patriotism as exemplified by

the State of Ohio and the county of Marion. Before Ohio was

a state, even before the Northwest Territory out of which it was

carved had been created, this whole region was consecrated to a

patriotic purpose. In the gloomiest days of the American revolu-

tion when there seemed no hope for the patriots, Washington,

with his wonderful vision and prophetic instinct, said, 'If we are

overpowered we will retire to the valley of the Ohio, and there

will we be free.'

"The patriot cause did not fail, but soon after the treaty of

peace this region was opened for settlement. Great streams of

immigration poured into it. Before they came the ordinance

creating the Northwest Territory had declared that 'religion,

morality and knowledge being necessary for good government

and the happiness of mankind, schools and means of education

shall be forever encouraged;' and, for that purpose there was set

apart a certain portion of the land. Thus there was laid in

morality, in integrity, in intelligence and in honor, the foundation

of our great state. Here then came the Puritan from New Eng-

land, the Knickerbocker from New York, the Swede from New

Jersey, the Quaker and the German from Pennsylvania, the

Catholic English from Delaware and Maryland, the Protestant

English and the Scotch from Virginia, the Scotch-Irish from

North Carolina and the Huguenots from South Carolina. They