Ohio History Journal

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542 Ohio Arch

542       Ohio Arch. and Hist. Society Publications

small colleges, and that some of our best citizenship

found its inspiration in these institutions. All of these

colleges have had men and women of more than usual

rank and standing in our commonwealth, and I am proud

to recognize their contribution to Ohio citizenship. They

have not been very exclusive in this, because they have

always exported their best to other colleges. We have

present Professor Beverly W. Bond, Jr., from the Uni-

versity of Cincinnati. He is a southerner but camou-

flages himself as an easterner. He will speak to you on

the subject of 'The Old Northwest Territory in Eastern




Dr. Bond delivered the following address:

The rush into the fertile spaces of the Old Northwest came

as an inevitable aftermath of the Revolution and the removal of

the barriers set up by British proclamations. The Revolutionary

veteran, the Yankee farmer, weary of tilling a scanty soil, the

young man seeking his fortune, all flocked to the promised land.

The wide range of motives that led on this pioneer multitude is

revealed in striking fashion in the newspapers, the almanacs and

the books of travel that circulated in the Atlantic states at this

time. Based upon these varied sources, this paper will be limited

to the early period, before the Land Act of 1800 smoothed the

way for the bulk of the westward migration. During this period

migration to the Old Northwest was chiefly carried on under the

stimulus of stock companies and land speculators. The Ohio

Purchase and the Western Reserve attracted mainly emigrants

from New England, the Miami Purchase those from New Jersey

and the Middle States, and the Virginia Military District naturally

interested the people of the Old Dominion. There was little, if

any, organized migration to Indiana or Illinois before 1800.


(NOTE: This paper is founded upon an extensive research in early

newspapers, almanacs and other publications of the Seaboard States, chiefly

during the period 1788-1800. Most of them were used in the Rare Book

Department of the Library of Congress.)