Ohio History Journal

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William D. Overman, Ohio State Archaeological and Historical

Society, was elected secretary.

Mr. Cook's paper on "Judge John Tyler--Pioneer Jurist"

will be published in the QUARTERLY later if not published other-

wise.   Professor A. T. Volwiler's paper on "Harrison, Blaine

and American Foreign Policy, 1889-1893" will be published in

the Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, Vol. 79,

no. 4. Mr. Garrison's paper follows.






Private libraries, like figures, often lie. It is hazardous to judge a

man by the contents of his library. Thus the possession of Herodotus by

Grant, and the possession of Gibbon by Lincoln arouses contrary feelings.

And yet, we should study the circumstances which led to the acquisition of

these volumes and the evidences of their use, before we pass judgment.

To those interested in such matters I commend a paper read before

the American Antiquarian Society in 1934 by Dr. A. S. W. Rosenbach,

in the preparation of which he was assisted by Dr. Clarence S. "Brigham,

entitled "The Libraries of the Presidents of the United States" (Wor-

cester, 1935). I felt sad as I read therein of the dispersal of Presidential

collections. Dr. Rosenbach can see some good in it, for note his last word:

"It is a pity that the great institutions of the United States do not contain

more books that at one time belonged to our Presidents, for it is possible

to obtain volumes from the private libraries of all of them."  Thus, you

have the opposite point of view of collector and librarian, and I am not

sure but that Dr. Rosenbach is right.

Three Presidential libraries, of all those from Washington through

Grant, were handed down intact: Jefferson's, John Quincy Adams', and

Grant's. Jefferson's, numbering over 7,000 volumes, was two-thirds de-

stroyed in the Capitol fire of 1851; John Quincy Adams', numbering about

6,500 volumes, is still preserved in the structure adjoining the Adams House

in Quincy, Massachusetts, together with some 750 titles in the Boston

Athenaeum; and the small and unimportant Grant collection is in the Cali-

fornia Building in Balboa Park. We may deduct from this that the Hayes

Library at Spiegel Grove, Fremont, together with the John Quincy Adams

Library, stand out as the two most important collections still intact and

still open to the student public. Strange to say, all the important collec-

tions after Hayes' time are closed to the public. Those which would ir