Ohio History Journal

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Ohio has long been a battleground. Because of its geograph-

ical position, its terrain, and its internal and bordering waterways,

it was the site of many wars between different Indian nations

before the white man came and also, near the end of the eighteenth

century, the location of the major warfare between the white

men and the Indians.

Because of the geographical position, fertility of the soil and

ownership during the colonial period, it attracted early settlers

from three different cultural areas--Virginia, Pennsyvlania, and

New England. As a result of the mingling of these three different

groups, Ohio, throughout its history as a state, has been a political

battleground. Moreover, in the nineteenth century, since each

of these three groups of early settlers had different predominant

church affiliations, Ohio became the chief battleground of different

sectarian religious groups. Within its borders two important

religious sects, the Disciples and the Mormons, passed their


Traceable to the same convergence of different social cul-

tures Ohio has been the major battleground of conflicts between

regular medicine and various medical cults and medical sects. The

center of homeopathy was long in northern Ohio, while the origins

and centers of activity of both eclecticism and the physiomedical

sect were in southern Ohio. For nearly a hundred years Ohio

has been the arena of controversies between regular medicine,

homeopathy, and eclecticism, and the location of sectarian medical


Except through consideration of the early medical back-

ground, one cannot understand why this contest of medicine oc-

curred in Ohio, nor the reason why a large number of practitioners

and lay adherents of sectarian medicine were resident in this State.

The basic explanation of all this medical contention in Ohio for a