Ohio History Journal

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As a part of the Ohio system of canals the Sandy and Beaver

was a branch from Bolivar, Tuscarawas County, to Smiths Ferry

on the Ohio River forty miles below Pittsburgh. Bolivar was its

junction point with the Ohio and Erie Canal which extended from

Cleveland to Portsmouth. Its promoters were planning a more

direct route to join Ohio and Lake Erie with the Pennsylvania

canals between Philadelphia and Pittsburgh.

The practicability of the project was investigated in 18262

and on January 11, 1828, the Ohio legislature granted a charter

which was amended and renewed in 1834. The directors were

Benjamin Hanna, the grandfather of Marcus Hanna, who was

elected as president, David Begges, Horace Potter, George Mc-

Cook, James Robertson, Joseph Richardson and Elderkin Potter.

These seven represented Columbiana County. There were also

four from   Stark County: William    Christman, William  Henry,

William Reynolds and Jacob Hostetter. Tuscarawas had Christian

Deardoff and Henry Lepper.

The charter of 1834 and the reports of the engravers were

printed at New Lisbon (now Lisbon) by Joseph Cable November,

1834 -- 40 pages with a map.3 In a letter written by Hanna in

his office at New Lisbon, October 4, 1834, he commended the

legislature for the liberal terms it had granted. The company was

given the privilege to collect the tolls for seven years, the only

tolls due the State were on freight transported not less than

twenty miles. The matter of the canal and its charter also came

before the U. S. House of Representatives. A resolution was


1 In the Library of Congress a few years ago the writer ran across an old document

containing important information on the Sandy and Beaver Canal. He was greatly in-

terested in his discovery, for nearly all his life he had lived where he had the oppor-

tunity to learn many things about it. Out of the material he has gathered from

various sources he has written this brief sketch on the building and operation of this

old waterway.

2 Ohio Canal Commissioners, "Annual Report," Ohio Senate, Journal, 1826/27,

p. 126.

3 A copy may be seen in the Western Reserve Historical Society Library, Cleveland.