Ohio History Journal

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The discovery of an "Agreement between Adam W. Helden-

brand and the Charity School of Kendal," dated November 27,

1863, has aroused interest to learn more about this Ohio educa-

tional institution and the unique contract enacted there.

In the winter of 1810-11, one Thomas Rotch left Hartford,

Connecticut, and explored Ohio as far south and west as Cincin-

nati, Springfield and Urbana. On this trip Rotch made notes

about the physical features of the State and devoted considerable

attention to the mounds which he visited, recording valuable no-

tations on these. The families of both Thomas Rotch and Char-

ity Rodman Rotch were prominent in financial and business inter-

ests in New England, and the trip was undertaken on the advice

of Mrs. Rotch's physician, who thought a change of climate neces-

sary for her.

In making this move, Rotch was interested in finding a suit-

able place for the raising of sheep and the building of mills. In

September, 1811, he and his wife moved to Ohio, bringing with

him 400 Merino sheep. He settled in Stark County after buying

2,500 acres of land and in 1812 laid out the town of Kendal

which is now included in the city of Massillon.

Charity Rotch, who had traveled in the East, was much

interested in the improvement of mankind, especially in the wel-

fare of children. In the laying out of Kendal she obtained five

lots in the village for the location of a school in which she ex-

pected to develop her ideas. Thomas Rotch died in 1823 and

Mrs. Rotch the following year. By his will, Thomas gave his

wife all his personal property and the use and income of his real

estate during her life. He also willed $5,000 to the Ohio Yearly

Meeting of the Society of Friends to be used in the establishment

of a Yearly Meeting Friends School. This school was finally

opened at Mount Pleasant as the Friends Boarding School in

1837 and was later moved to Barnesville, Ohio, where it is still