Ohio History Journal

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State Historian, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania

It is not merely a pleasure but a genuine honor to be with you

this evening at the capital of the first great state to be carved out of

the Northwest Territory with its government framed in accordance

with the principles of that outstanding charter of liberties-the

Northwest Ordinance. Ohio has come a long way since 1803 when

its state government was launched in a tiny stone capitol building

in Chillicothe. We are all looking forward eagerly to the cele-

bration in 1953 of your sesquicentennial of statehood.

I feel an especial pleasure in addressing the annual meeting of

your vigorous and forward looking state historical society, because

there are many connections between the history of Ohio and that

of the commonwealth of Pennsylvania. As a matter of fact, for

many decades in the earliest history of American frontier expansion

our history virtually was inseparable. For at least half a century-

from about 1750 to 1800--the story of Pennsylvania in its growth

west of the Alleghenies is as much a story of the Ohio country

as it is the history of Pennsylvania as we know it today within

present geographical limitations. Virtually all of our dispossessed

Indians took refuge in what is now Ohio, and remained for many

years most unpleasant visitors whenever they returned to Penn-

sylvania. Our gentle Moravian missionaries carried from far away

Bethlehem in Pennsylvania the message of Christianity to the

Indians in the vast reaches of the Ohio country long before the

coming of the settler.

In the days of the later frontier there were Pennsylvanians of

another type who came to Ohio. One was Arthur St. Clair, who

left in something of a hurry the second time he passed through

Ohio, but lived to return another day as governor of the entire

*This is the text of an address delivered at the sixty-sixth annual meeting of the

Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society, held at the Ohio State Museum,

Columbus, April 27, 1951.