Ohio History Journal

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NOVEMBER 20-21, 1953

[In 1951 the board of trustees authorized the staff of the state

historical society to set up a project to be known as the Ohio Historic

Indian Center. As a part of the work of this project a research

associate was assigned to a study of the Indians and the campaigns

of the Indian Wars, 1790-95. The Anthony Wayne Parkway Board

has cooperated with the society in this study and now has a re-

search historian assigned in part to a continuation of it. The society

added to its library a number of important sources in the field,

especially microfilm copies of large groups from the Draper Col-

lection at the University of Wisconsin and from the Anthony Wayne

Papers at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, as well as microfilm

copies of the Isaac Craig Collection at the Carnegie Library of

Pittsburgh and of other papers.

As a second effort under the center the society decided to trans-

late and edit the diaries of the Indian missions of the Moravian

Church in Ohio from the 1770's to the early 1800's. The graduate

school of the Ohio State University joined in sponsoring this project,

and a member of the faculty of the German department was em-

ployed by the society on a part-time basis to direct the translation

and editing. Research assistants, clerical help, and an office have

been provided by the university. The society secured microfilm

copies and photocopies of the diaries from the Moravian Church

Archives in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. The diaries of the Schoen-

brunn Mission have been transcribed, translated, and edited, and the

work on the Gnadenhutten Mission diaries is well under way. The

society is now seeking a way to finance the publication of this im-

portant source for the history of the Indians of the Ohio region.

Members of the society's staff have felt that the interest in the

historic Indian should be broadened to include the Old Northwest,

the region of the Ohio Valley, and areas from which tribes migrated

into the Old Northwest. They felt, also, the need for an exchange

of information with students in the field outside of Ohio. With