Ohio History Journal

  • 1
  • 2


NOTES                                                                       57




1. On December 2, 1963, the name of the Historical and Philosophical Society of Ohio

was changed to: The Cincinnati Historical Society.

2. The manuscripts were donated to the society by Davis L. James, Jr., in 1934. The

Semi-Colon magazine (Nos. I-III, 1845) contains brief essays, which presumably were

presented at the meetings. In further support of this contention, the society's copy

has the names of Edwin Cranch, Mrs. Charles Stetson, Samuel Foote, and Tracy Howe

inscribed in it; all were prominent in the club. About thirteen Semi-Colon essays and

poems are printed in Appendix IV of John P. Foote, Memoirs of the Life of Samuel

E. Foote (Cincinnati, 1860), 244-287.

3. The precise dates of origin and death of the club are difficult to determine. Con-

temporary sources are at variance. One source states that the club functioned from

about 1829 to 1846. Another writes that it terminated during the "Panic of 1837." The

fact that The Semi-Colon magazine was published in 1845 suggests that the club was

still functioning in the mid-1840's.

4. See Bernard Mayo, "Lexington: Frontier Metropolis," in Eric F. Goldman, ed.,

Historiography and Urbanization (Baltimore, 1941), 21-42; Niels H. Sonne, Liberal

Kentucky, 1780-1828 (New York, 1939), 160-242.

5. There are only two main works which treat cultural and intellectual developments

in Cincinnati at any length: William H. Venable, Beginnings of Literary Culture in

the Ohio Valley: Historical and Biographical Sketches (Cincinnati, 1891), and Ralph

L. Rusk, The Literature of the Middle Western Frontier (New York, 1926). In both

books the coverage is spotty, not concentrated. For the early period, see James M.

Miller, The Genesis of Western Culture: The Upper Ohio Valley, 1800-1825 (Columbus,

Ohio, 1938).

6. Frances Trollope, Domestic Manners of the Americans, ed. by Donald Smalley

(New York, 1949); see pages 52-180 in particular.

7. See, for example: Harriet Martineau, Retrospect of Western Travel (London,

1838), II, 56; Frederick Marryat, Diary in America, with Remarks on Its Institutions

(Paris, 1839), 167-171; John Quincy Adams to William Greene, May 1844, Greene

Papers, Cincinnati Historical Society; David Shaffer to Hiram Powers, April 16, 1860,

Hiram Powers Papers, Cincinnati Historical Society.

8. Cleveland Herald and Gazette, August 25, 1837, quoted in Cincinnati Daily Gazette,

September 1, 1837.

9. The full range of Cincinnati's cultural and intellectual life can be determined by

the many types of agencies cited in Charles Cist, Cincinnati in 1841 (Cincinnati, 1841),

109-141. This work is also excellent for tracing the economic growth of Cincinnati.

10. Foote, Memoirs of Samuel E. Foote, 176-180.

11. Undated Cranch manuscript in the Library of Congress. Cranch presents a

brief history of the club.

12. On Daniel Drake, see Emmet F. Horine, Daniel Drake (1785-1852), Pioneer

Physician of the Midwest (Philadelphia, 1961), and Edward D. Mansfield, Memoirs

of the Life and Services of Daniel Drake (Cincinnati, 1855).

13. Cranch manuscript.

14. This explanation is found in a number of contemporary documents.

15. Cranch manuscript.

16. Semi-Colon Club Manuscripts, No. 23. A striking pencil sketch on the document

points to Cranch as its author.

17. The 1830's, in particular, produced some devastating cholera epidemics.

18. Foote, Memoirs of Samuel E. Foote, 183-184. Foote later built up another fortune

in the insurance business. In the 1840's he moved his family back to New Haven,


19. Forrest Wilson writes that the club dissolved with the loss of the Foote home

as a meeting place. He offers no source. Crusader in Crinoline: The Life of Harriet

Reecher Stowe (Philadelphia, 1941), 197.

20. Foote, Memoirs of Samuel E. Foote, 179-180.

21. Wilson, Crusader in Crinoline, 123.

22. Venable, Literary Culture in the Ohio Valley, 420.

23. American Notes and Pictures from Italy (London and New York, 1893), 143.

Timothy Walker, one of the members, sponsored a party for Dickens and his wife.

Walker Diary, April 5, 1842. Cincinnati Historical Society.

24. See No. 25, for example. The impact of Dickens' visit to Cincinnati is reflected

by allusions to Dickensian characters in a number of the papers.

25. Foote, Memoirs of Samuel E. Foote, 180.

26. Greene's activities as a cultural leader of Cincinnati can be traced in the large

collection of William Greene Papers owned by the Cincinnati Historical Society.