Ohio History Journal

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NOTES                                                                        75



35. For detailed accounts of the Manhattan Club affair, see Link, Wilson: Road to

the White House, 359-380; Gatewood, "James Calvin Hemphill," 382-391.

36. Hemphill to Taft, January 1, 1912.

37. Among Taft's favorite schemes for the promotion of world peace was the negotia-

tion of arbitration treaties between the United States and other nations.

38. Butt, Taft and Roosevelt, II, 754-755.

39. Taft to Hemphill, January 3, 1912.

40. Actually the story of the Harvey-Wilson break which appeared in the Daily

Observer on January 5, 1912, was the work of three individuals, Hemphill, Harvey, and

Watterson. Watterson told Hemphill about the Manhattan Club meeting during his visit

to Charlotte in behalf of the arbitration treaties. From this point on, Hemphill and

Watterson plotted their strategy in consultation with Harvey. All three contributed to

the contents of the article and agreed to the timing of its publication. See Gatewood,

"James Calvin Hemphill," 384-386.

41. Hemphill to Taft, January 5, 1912.

42. Taft to Hemphill, January 17, 1912.

43. Hemphill to Watterson, January 15, 1912; Hemphill to Harvey, January 17, 1912.

44. Hemphill to Taft, January 18, 1912.

45. See Link, Wilson: Road to the White House, 372-374; William    R. Thayer,

Theodore Roosevelt: An Intimate Biography (Boston, 1919), 351-355.

46. Hemphill to Taft, February 26, 1912.

47. Hemphill to Taft, March 9, 1912.

48. In Toledo, Ohio, on March 8, 1912, President Taft severely criticized the recall of

judges and judicial decisions as dangerous to "well-ordered freedom." Roosevelt had

earlier advocated the recall. See New York Times, March 9, 1912.

49. Medill McCormick, publisher of the Chicago Tribune, had originally favored the

nomination of La Follette but switched his support to Roosevelt.

50. See Francis G. Wickware, ed., The American Yearbook: A Record of Events

and Progress, 1912 (New York, 1913), 7 (hereafter cited as American Yearbook, 1912).

51. Hemphill to Taft, April 10, 1912.

52. Taft to Hemphill, April 12, 1912.

53. William Lorimer was elected senator from Illinois in 1909 under allegedly

questionable circumstances. Widespread charges of corruption led to a senate investiga-

tion. On March 1, 1911, Lorimer was declared by the senate to be the duly elected

senator from Illinois.

54. Boies Penrose had been senator from Pennsylvania since 1897.

55. Roosevelt won sixty-five pledged delegates in Pennsylvania. Observers at the time

interpreted this event to mean that Roosevelt's forces directed by William Flinn had

utterly routed the Taft organization under Penrose. See Mowry, Theodore Roosevelt and

the Progressive Movement, 233.

56. Charlotte Daily Observer, April 17, 21, 1912.

57. Taft to Hemphill, April 19, 1912.

58. See James C. Hemphill, "Sincerity vs. Hypocrisy: Taft vs. Roosevelt," Harper's

Weekly, May 4, 1912, pp. 8, 20.

59. Taft to Hemphill, April 30, 1912.

60. American Yearbook, 1912, pp. 9-10.

61. Hemphill to Taft, May 23, 1912.

62. Taft to Hemphill, May 26, 1912.

63. See Mowry, Theodore Roosevelt and the Progressive Movement, 240-255; New

York Times, June 22, 28, July 3, 1912; Adolph Ochs to Hemphill, May 31, 1912;

Gatewood, "James Calvin Hemphill," 391-392.

64. Hemphill left the New York Times to accept a position on the staff of the

Philadelphia Public Ledger in the spring of 1913. The following year he quit the

Ledger to engage in "special literary work for various newspapers" on a short-term

basis. In 1919 he returned to his native South Carolina to edit the Journal and Carolina

Spartan in Spartanburg.

65. See especially Hemphill to Taft, October 7, 1915, Taft to Hemphill, October 9,


66. Taft to W. P. Greene, November 20, 1927 (telegram).

Credit for the photographs of Taft and Hemphill on page 35 belongs to the Ohio

Historical Society and the Charleston News and Courier, respectively.




1. Most of the following information about Ames has been culled from a packet of

clippings, official appointments, and other memorabilia in the possession of his great-