Ohio History Journal

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NOTES                                                                        197


52. Garfield Diary, February 28, 1878, ibid.

53. Ibid., September 17, 1878.

54. Ibid., February 23, 1879.

55. See, for example, Garfield Diary, March 6, May 10, and June 29, 1879, ibid.

56. Garfield to wife, May 10, 1879, Garfield Family Papers.

57. Garfield Diary, November 4, 1880, Garfield Papers.

58. Hayes, Diary and Letters, June 5, 1880, III, 600.

59. Hayes to Garfield, June 8, 1880, Garfield Papers.

60. Hayes, Diary and Letters, III, 600-601.

61. Ibid.

62. Hayes to Garfield, August 22, 1880, Garfield Papers.

63. Hayes to Garfield, July 26, 1880, ibid.

64. Garfield to Hayes, March 11, 1881, ibid.

65. Joseph Bushman to A. F. Rockwell, April 8, 1881, ibid.

66. Hayes to Garfield, March 6, 1881, ibid.

67. Lucretia Garfield Diary, March 4, 1881; typed copy given to author by Garfield


68. Hayes, Diary and Letters, III, 638-640.

69. J. G. Blaine to Garfield, December 15, 1880, Garfield Papers.

70. Washington Star, n.d., in scrapbook, ibid.

71. Hayes to Miss Augustine Snead, April 25, 1881, in Hayes, Diary and Letters,

IV, 10.

72. Ibid., February 21, 1883, p. 110.


1. Congressional Record, 52 cong., 2 sess., 661.

2. Hayes was born October 4, 1822; Sherman, May 10, 1823.

3. The contrast between them in this respect is evidenced repeatedly in the corre-

spondence of prominent associates of their period.

4. So far as this writer knows there was but one juncture at which Hayes could

have blocked Sherman's advance, and Hayes flatly refused to seize that opportunity, as

will be related below.

5. Sherman's pre-Civil War experiences seem to have been recalled accurately, in

the main, when he at age 71 narrated them in his Recollections of Forty Years in the

House, Senate and Cabinet: An Autobiography (Chicago, 1894), 28-230, hereinafter cited

as Recollections.

6. Except for his renomination for the Senate in 1866 (when he won on the second

ballot) his senatorial candidacies were much more hardfought than his Recollections

indicate. The 1861 contest was won on the 78th ballot but is described in his Recollec-

tions (p. 233) as merely one in which "several ballots were taken on a number of days

without result," whereupon he answered a summons to Columbus "and was nominated

on the first vote after my arrival." Although nominated on the first ballot in 1892, he re-

called the contest as "the most formidable that I have ever encountered in Ohio."

Ibid., 1142.

7. Sherman was chairman of the ways and means committee of the House (which

then handled appropriations as well as taxation) during the bitter, strife-torn sessions

between February of 1860 and March of 1861.

8. A "constant sense of elation" during service in the war is the impression culled by

Harry Barnard from Hayes's wartime letters to his wife; see Rutherford B. Hayes and

his America (Indianapolis, 1954) , 229.

9. The aura of war service and the warmth of wartime personal recollections per-

meate the references to them in Hayes's Diary and correspondence.

10. E. H. Roseboom, The Civil War Era: 1850-1873 (Carl Wittke, ed., History of the

State of Ohio, IV, Columbus, 1944), 445.

11. In 1880, 1884, and 1888. Other deficiencies which Sherman underestimated prob-

ably were more disadvantageous to him, as will be indicated below. For convenient

summaries of Ohio's turnabouts in the Hayes-Sherman era see Roseboom, Civil War Era,

340-485 and Volume V in the Wittke series, Philip D. Jordan, Ohio Comes of Age:

1873-1900 (Columbus, 1943), 15-59, 144-219, 293-327.

12. Charles R. Williams, ed., Diary and Letters of Rutherford Birchard Hayes Nine-