Ohio History Journal

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NOTES                                                                        229




1. The Hugh Anderson letters are used with the permission       of Mrs. James

Chamberlin and Powell Williams, Jr., who live in Mobile, Alabama, and are the

great-great-grandchildren of Anderson.

2. Mrs. Homer X. White, "Williams and Brewer Family History and Geneology,"

unpublished pamphlet; Mrs. White is Anderson's granddaughter. See also St. Clairs-

ville Gazette and Citizen, May 10, 1855, June 7, 1866.

3. In 1839  Anderson was a member of the Belmont County Democratic Central

Committee; in 1840 he was a member of the Democratic Vigilance Committee; in

1841 he chaired the county Democratic nominating committee; and in 1853 he was

a judge on the committee of fine arts. Gazette, June 29, 1839, February 15, 1840, June

11, June 18, 1841, December 1, 1853.

4. All of the letters in this collection were written by Hugh Anderson with the

exception of the last, which was written by his son Parker and his daughter-in-law,

Martha. This letter, written in February 1861, is included because it better exemplifies

the pro-southern attitudes in Belmont County in more racist, vituperative phraseology.

Belmont County voters cast 1289 votes, or 11.3 percent of Ohio's total for

Breckenridge, in the 1860 election. This was almost twice as many as the second

largest vote in Stark County, which was 6.8 percent. It might be reasonable to assume

that the Ohio counties which bordered the slave states of Virginia and Kentucky

would manifest a greater degree of pro-southern political bias than others. However,

Breckenridge support was substantial only in the upper Ohio River counties. For

example, Belmont County voters cast 19.7 percent of their votes for Breckenridge,

and voters in Jefferson and Columbiana counties, north of Belmont, cast 15.2 and

4.8 percent, respectively. In the remaining eleven Ohio River counties Breckenridge

received no more than 2.4 percent, including populous Hamilton County. Or, to state

it in another way, there were 473 fewer votes cast for Breckenridge in these eleven

counties than were cast in Belmont. W. Dean Burnham, Presidential Ballots: 1836-1892

(Baltimore, 1955), 678, 680, 682, 686, 688, 690, 694, 696.

5. The editor has chosen to follow the spelling, capitalization, and punctuation of

the manuscript letters very closely, with the exception of the addition of commas

for clarity of thought, and to inject interpolations into the text only when absolutely

necessary. Most of Anderson's letters also contained personal advice for young Wil-

liams, comments concerning the Williams family in Iowa, technical aspects of his

craft, particularly his experiments, as well as lengthy theological discussions. such as

that found in August 18, 1858; "I feel impressed with the belief that the Deity

has sta[mped?] the principal of progression on all his works, and that man that makes

progress here in love of God and good will to men will go on progressing in the world

beyond the grave. Then why should we fear death--it can do us no harm--" This excerpt

reflects Anderson's belief in Swedenborgian philosophy. Emanuel Swedenborg, eigh-

teenth century philosopher, taught that the progression of man's spirit was through

selflessness, that "Love is the life of man," and that death is only a transition toward

the "spiritual universe." The Living Thoughts of Sweedenborg, edited by Eric A. Sutton

(London, 1947), 14-15.

6. The depression was having a devastating effect upon local business. Earlier,

Anderson wrote: "As to money--it is scarce here, everyone has these words on their

mouths. Hard times--" Anderson to Williams, Oct. 3l[?], 1858.

7. In January, Anderson commented: "I am getting better of a cold that was pretty

severe . . . so severe that sometimes I thought it was the messenger to take me from

this world and (as I fondly hope) place me in a better one . . . . I view it [death]

as merely a change from a lower to a higher state--" Anderson to Williams, January

10, 1859.

8. Williams' "northern proclivities" did change radically. When the war began, he

soon enlisted in the Confederate infantry and served throughout the conflict. John

Kent Folmar, "Lt. Col. James M. Williams and the Ft. Powell Incident," Alabama

Review, XVII (April 1964), 123-136.

9. In June, Anderson reported: "The town property is rented . . . this year [for]

$150 all together. I lived alone in town for 9 months. I took ill and was brought

out here [to the farm]. Anderson to Williams, June 4[?], 1860.