Ohio History Journal





Since the annual meeting of the society held on June 5, 1903, the

proceedings of which were published in volume twelve, pp. 187-218,

the meetings of the trustees have been as follows;

that of the executive committee held June 30,

(1903) in the rooms of the society, Page Hall,

Ohio State University. After the determination of

the compensation to be accorded the different sal-

aried officers of the society, the standing commit-

tees for the year were agreed upon as follows:

finance, S. S. Rickly, G. F. Bareis, D. J. Ryan;

Serpent Mound, John W. Harper, A. R. McIntire,

R. Brinkerhoff; Fort Ancient, B. F. Prince, J. P.

MacLean, G. F. Bareis; Museum and Library, G. F.

Wright, B. F. Prince, W. H. Hunter; publication

committee, E. O. Randall, D. J. Ryan, J. Warren

Keifer; St. Louis Exposition, G. F. Wright, W. C.

Mills, E. O. Randall; memorial committee, R. Brink-

erhoff, George B. Wright, D. J. Ryan.

General Wright made a verbal report of a visit which he and the

Secretary made to Serpent Mound on June 9th. The Mound Park was

never in more excellent condition. Mr. Daniel Wallace, the custodian,

was greatly interested in his work and took pride in having everything

in tip-top order.

Prof. Mills submitted his proposed plans for the summer's explora-

tions at the Gartner mound in the vicinity of Chillicothe, Ross County.

The executive committee met again at the office of the secretary

in the Judiciary Building on September 3, (1903). The trustees present,

with the officers of many other organizations, had just attended the

funeral services at the First Congregational Church of General George B.

Wright, trustee and first vice-president of the society. An obituary notice

of General Wright appeared in the Quarterly for October 1903. The

vacancy created in the memorial committee by the death of General

Wright was filled by the appointment of Mr. D. J. Ryan. Mr. G. F.



Editorialana.                        119


Bareis was elected first vice-president of the society, to fill the place

also made vacant by the death of General Wright.

The secretary was authorized to make a contract with Mr. Daniel

Wallace as custodian of Serpent Mound for two years from September

1, 1903, on the terms of the previous contract with him. The secretary

was also directed to terminate on October 1, (1903) the privilege hitherto

existing of permitting Mr. George W. Seaman, of West Union, to have a

right of way from his land east of the Park through the same to the

pike running north and south west of the Serpent Mound Park.

Prof. B. F. Prince reported that some weeks previous he and

Prof. MacLean had visited Fort Ancient and made an inspection of its

condition and the care being given it by Warren Cowen. The superin-

tendence of Mr. Cowen was every way satisfactory, and many improve-

ments and some expenditure of funds therefor were advised.

Prof. W. C. Mills made an extended verbal report of his explora-

tions at the Gartner mound. That report will be published in due time

in the society's publications. Messrs W. C. Mills and E. F. Wood were

authorized to visit St. Louis at their earliest convenience for the purpose

of arranging for the proposed exhibit by the society at the Louisiana Pur-

chase Exposition in 1904.

Mr. Vause Harness, of Chillicothe, and Mrs. Jessie M. Davis, of

Columbus, were elected life members of the society.

On November 17, (1903), there was held in the society rooms, Page

Hall, Ohio State University, a special meeting of the entire board of

trustees. Those present were Messrs J. H. Anderson, M. R. Andrews, R.

Brinkerhoff, G. F. Bareis, J. W. Harper, R. E. Hills, W. H. Hunter, J.

P. MacLean, B. F. Prince, H. A. Thompson, E. O. Randall, G. F. Wright,

E. F. Wood and W. C. Mills.

Prof. G. F. Wright was elected second vice-president to fill that posi-

tion made vacant by the promotion of Mr. G. F. Bareis to the first vice-

presidency at the meeting of September 3d.

The secretary announced the death of trustee A. R. McIntire, which

occurred on September 21, 1903. The funeral was held at his late home,

Mt. Vernon, Thursday, September 24. The society was represented at

the services by the secretary. Several of the trustees expressed their

regret at the loss of their fellow-trustee, Mr. McIntire, and paid tribute

to his worth as a man and his interest in the affairs of the society. Judge

Rush R. Sloane was elected to fill the vacancy in the trusteeship caused by

the decease of Mr. McIntire. The election of Mr. Sloane would be,

however, only until the next annual meeting (in 1904), although Mr. Mc-

Intire's term would not have expired until the annual meeting of the

society in 1906. Colonel John W. Harper, of Cincinnati, was chosen

a member of the executive committee in place of Mr. McIntire.

120 Ohio Arch

120        Ohio Arch. and Hist. Society Publications.


The secretary announced that on November 13th, (1903), Governor

Nash had appointed Prof. Martin R. Andrews, of Marietta, trustee to fill

the vacancy caused by the death of General George

B. Wright.  General Wright's trusteeship would

have terminated in February, 1904. Prof. Andrews

being present, he was introduced to his fellow-trus-

tees, who gave him a hearty welcome.

The secretary reported the publication in book

form of volume twelve of the society's annual pub-

lications. This volume comprised the Quarterlies

for January, April, July and October, 1903.

Prof. W. C. Mills made a brief report of the

visit made by himself and Mr. E. F. Wood to St.

Louis on September 19th. The authorities at the

Exposition had accorded our society unexcelled

quarters in the Jefferson University building, an-

thropological department, and every opportunity

would be afforded for a satisfactory display of our exhibit.

The matter of the desired appropriations by the incoming legis-

lature for the society for the years 1904 and 1905 was referred to the ex-

ecutive committee.

The matter of a proposed permanent building for the society, after

being discussed at some length, was also referred to the executive com-

mittee for it to take such initiative in the matter as it thought best.

A report was made of a visit to Fort Ancient on October 17th, by

Profs. B. F. Prince, J. P. MacLean, and the Secretary, accompanied by

Profs. V. G. Tressler, O. F. Weaver and C. G. Shatzer, of Wittenberg

College. A careful inspection was made of the work being done by Mr.

Warren Cowen, and many important improvements were directed to be

perfected by the custodian.

The secretary reported that he had given the notice, as previously

directed, to Mr. Seaman, concerning his right through the Serpent

Mound Park, and had effected a contract for the next two years with

Mr. Daniel Wallace as custodian of said property.

At the conclusion of the meeting of the trustees, they and the

officers of the society dined at the Chittenden Hotel, after which they

attended a lecture given by Prof. Albert T. Clay, at the auditorium of

the Ohio State University, under the auspices of the society. Professor

Clay, of the University of Pennsylvania, was associated with Professor

Herman V. Hilprecht in his famous discoveries in Babylonia. His lecture

was an account of the explorations at Nippur, and was entitled "Recent

Discoveries in the Home of Abraham." The lecture was illustrated by

stereopticon views, and was exceedingly informing and entertaining. The

University auditorium seating some fifteen hundred people was practically

filled by an audience composed of professors and students of the Uni-

versity and hundreds of cultivated citizens of Columbus.


Editorialana.                       121


On December 11, 1903, the executive committee held a meeting in

the reference room of the Columbus Public Library. Prof. J. P. Mac-

Lean made a tender to the Society of the plates and copyrights of his

"Manual of the Antiquity of Man," and "Fingal's Cave." They were

gratefully accepted. The committee requested Professors Mills and Ran-

dall to prepare and publish concise and convenient pamphlets descriptive

of Fort Ancient and Serpent Mound; such pamphlets to be for sale by

the Society and at places described for the benefit of visitors and those

who wished to obtain brief popular knowledge of those interesting pieces

of property in charge of the Society.

The history of George Rogers Clark's Conquest of the Illinois, pub-

lished under the auspices of the Society was announced to appear January

1, 1904. This is the publication of the famous manuscript history by

Consul Wilshire Butterfield, undoubtedly the most scholarly and accurate

student that ever fully described the unique campaign of the intrepid

Clark. This book will be an inestimable contribution to the historical lit-

erature of the Northwest Territory.

The Secretary reported the publication by the Society of the volume

of the complete proceedings of the Ohio Centennial Celebration at Chilli-

cothe on May 20 and 21, 1903. Complimentary copies of this volume

would be sent to the members of the seventy-fifth and seventy-sixth

general assemblies, to members of the Society, and speakers at the Cen-

tennial. The issuing of this volume of seven hundred and sixty-four

pages was the final work of the Society in connection with the State

Centennial. The total expense of the proceedings at Chillicothe, includ-

ing the publication of the so-called Centennial Syllabus, was $6,449.12,

the expense of the publication of the Centennial volume amounts in toto

to $2,866.09 (this includes the cost of plates for future issues), making

a total expenditure in connection with the Centennial of $9,315.21. As

the appropriation by the general assembly for the purpose in question

was $10,000.00 that will leave a balance of $684.79 to revert to the

general fund of the state. Certainly an economical and commendable

expenditure on the part of the Society of the fund placed at its disposal.

Mr. Osman Castle Hooper of the Columbus Evening Dispatch was

made a life member of the Society, as was also the Shaker Society of

Union Village, Ohio.

Secretary Randall was requested to represent the Society at the

annual meeting of the American Historical Association to be held at New

Orleans, December 29, 1903 to January 1, 1904. This meeting of the

Association will be devoted to the subject of the Louisiana Purchase.

Representatives from the various state historical societies are expected to

be present and the plan is in contemplation of having the state societies

effect an organization as a section or branch of the American Historical

Association. Such a scheme would undoubtedly be of great benefit both

to the chief association and subordinate organization.

122 Ohio Arch

122        Ohio Arch. and Hist. Society Publications.


The executive committee approved the request of the forthcoming

(seventy-sixth) general assembly for the following appropriations for

the continuation of the work of the Society.

Requested for 1904.

Current expenses ................................ $2,700 00

Field work, Fort Ancient and Serpent Mound .... 2,000 00

Publications ..................................... 2,800 00


$7,500 00

Requested for 1905:

Current expenses ................................ $2,700 00

Field work, Fort Ancient and Serpent Mound.... 2,000 00

Publications ..................................... 2,800 00


$7,500 00

Total asked, (1904-5) ......................$15,000 00

Amounts secured in 1902 and 1903, compared with

appropriations asked for the forthcoming two


Amount secured in 1902:

Current  expenses  ................................  $3,000  00

Field work, Fort Ancient and Serpent Mound.... 3,750 00

Publications  .....................................  2,500  00


$9,250 00

Amounts secured in 1903:

Current  expenses  ................................  $2,500  00

Field work, Fort Ancient and Serpent Mound.... 2,000 00

Publications  .....................................  2,000  00


$6,500 00

Total secured  (1903-4)  .................... $15,750  00

It will be observed that the items for publications for 1904 and 1905

are placed at $2,800.00, making a total of $5,600.00, as against $4,500.00

for 1902 and 1903. This increase is for the purpose of sending the

Quarterly to each of the leading newspapers of the state of Ohio, some

seven hundred and fifty in number. The items for Field work, Fort

Ancient and Serpent Mound make $4,000 for the years 1904 and 1905, as

against $5,750.00 in 1902 and 1903. Less is asked for in these items be-

cause special provision was made in the previous appropriations for the

repair of Serpent Mound, and the building thereon of a house, which cost

in the neighborhood of $900. These special expenditures will not be re-

quired during the next two years. It follows that the total amount desired

for the next two years (1904-5) is seven hundred and fifty dollars ($750.00)

less than the total requested for the same items in 1902 and 1903.


Editorialana.                       123





Hon. Alfred R. McIntire died on Monday, September 21, 1903, near

Jewelsburg, Colorado, while a passenger upon a train from Emmett, Idaho,

to his home at Mt. Vernon. He was born July 14, 1840, on a farm near

Mt. Hope, Holmes county, Ohio, and at the

age of fourteen removed with his parents to

Knox county, and settled upon a farm near

Fredericktown.  His ancestors on both the

paternal and maternal sides were Irish. His

grandfathers emigrated to America, and his

parents were native Americans.  His early

education was obtained in the country schools

of Fredericktown, but aspiring to a broader

intellectual development, he taught school

until he could obtain sufficient funds to jus-

tify his admission, in September, 1860, to the

freshman class of the Ohio Wesleyan Uni-

versity at Delaware, from which institution

he graduated in 1865.   He earned his own

way through college, the continuous studies

in winch were interrupted at the close of

his sophomore year by his enlistment in the

ranks of the Union Army. He was a member of company A, 96th

Regiment, O. V. I. and served     until March, 1863, when he was

honorably discharged on account of sickness. In May, 1864, he was

again mustered into service as first lieutenant, company H, 142d 0.

V I., and served until the following September, when he resumed his

course in the University. After his graduation he taught school for

a year, and then began the study of law in the office of the late Judge

Rollin C. Hurd, of Mt. Vernon, and was admitted to the bar in June,

1869, and continued with marked success the active practice of his

profession until his death.  The activities of Mr. McIntire's mind,

however, were not restricted to the confines of his profession, but

embraced a wide range of scientific, historical and literary reading.

He ever kept afresh in his memory the technical learning of his clas-

sics, recalling in the hours of his leisure the Latin of his Virgil and

the Greek of his Homer, as well as a knowledge of the higher mathe-

matics. In the later years of his life he became a devoted student

of the archaeology and history of his native state, Ohio. He also added

to his mental pursuits an exemplary participation in the studies of

citizenship. He took an ardent part in the municipal affairs of his city

and state, being a close student of the political movements of

parties. He was an active and influential member of the Republican

124 Ohio Arch

124        Ohio Arch. and Hist. Society Publications.


party; served as a member of the Mt. Vernon board of education for

many years, and was the Republican candidate of his district for state

senator in 1879.  His independent temperament led him     to follow

his ideas of what was right rather than what was partisan, and in

1896 he became affiliated with the Union Reform movement, and was

the candidate of that party for attorney general of Ohio, and later a

candidate of the same party for judge of the Supreme Court.      He

took a fearless stand in favor of temperance and the strict enforce-

ment of law. But in all his dealings he was genial, fair-minded, and

conciliatory, and ever made friends, even among those whom he op-

posed in civic and political questions.  No one ever questioned the

integrity of his character or the purity of his motives. On September

28, 1869, he was married to Helen Richards, of Fredericktown.   His

wife and two sons, Rollin R, and Heber, survive him. His home life

was most delightful and ideal.   A  faithful and discriminating biog-

rapher of Mr. McIntire states that "his religion was that of the phil-

osopher and scientist rather than that promulgated in creed and dogma.

He believed in purity of morals, and his daily life was in accord with

the principles of strict morality."  Almost at the beginning of its

organization, Mr. McIntire became a life member of the Ohio State

Archaeological and Historical Society.  At the annual meeting of the

Society held February 17, 1897, Mr. McIntire was elected a trustee.

He was re-elected at the annual meeting in 1900, and again at the

annual meeting held in June 1903, and would have served, had he lived

until February, 1906. During the period of his trusteeship he was a

member of the executive committee, which has immediate direction of

the affairs of the society. Perhaps no member was more faithful to, or

interested in the work and progress of the society, and his presence

will be greatly missed by his colleagues in their deliberations con-

cerning its affairs.  The Secretary will ever recall with pleasure his

personal association with the subject of this sketch  Mr. McIntire had

a natural fondness for good nature and humor, and it often served as

a palliative in the councils of the members of the society.  He was

buried Thursday afternoon, September 24th, in the beautiful Mound

View  Cemetery, Mt. Vernon.   His grave was located, with no slight

significance, at the base of a graceful and well preserved Indian mound,

and he was laid to rest beneath the overshadowing boughs of a vener-

able tree, amid the splendor of an autumn afternoon, surrounded by

his comrades in the Grand Army of the Republic, and Knights of

Pythias, the members of which paid fitting and sympathetic tribute

to their departed brother in the simple and solemn service of their



Editorialana.                        125




Hon. William Trimble McClintick, a life member of the Ohio

State Archaeological and Historical Society, a cultivated gentleman,

and one of the most distinguished citizens of Ohio, died at his resi-

dence, Chillicothe, on October 28, 1903, at the unusual age of eighty-

four. Mr. McClintick was a man far above the average in ability and

intellectual achievement. His long life spanned almost the first cen-

tury of Ohio's statehood history, and he had the unique experience

of having known personally Ohio's first Governor, Edward Tiffin, and

with two exceptions, all the rest to and including Governor Nash.

One of the most interesting portrayals of personal reminiscence per-

haps in Ohio literature is the address by Mr. McClintick, delivered

at the Centennial celebration of the adoption of Ohio's first constitution,

held at Chillicothe, on November 29, 1902. Those who were present on

that occasion will never cease to remember Mr. McClintick as he stood

before the audience, with the courtly manner of a gentleman of the

old school, and told with genial humor, and rare literary flavor, some

of the important events of Ohio's history, in which he was either

spectator or participator.  Mr. McClintick was the master of wide

culture; college bred, an accomplished lawyer, and a man of wide

affairs and experience. Ever a close observer and philosophical thinker,

he carried with him an environment of marvelous mental acquire-

ment and trained temperament.   The publications of the Ohio State

Archaeological and Historical Society contain some choice contribu-

tions from  Mr. McClintick's pen.  Perhaps no tribute to him   could

be better expressed in brief words than that comprised in an address

by Judge Archibald Mayo before the Ross county bar, on November

14, 1903. "Mr. McClintick's success was manifold--that of the pro-

fessional man, the business man, the society man, the church man.

His life was an illustration of the health-giving, life-sustaining, hap-

piness-creating success of temperate and regular habits: and of the

success of persevering application in the accumulation of skill and

usefulness, knowledge and wealth. His career manifested what good

breeding, good schooling, and an inherited aptitude for business and

work are able to bestow upon a man of talents in a period of such

opportunity as existed here in his time."

126 Ohio Arch

126        Ohio Arch. and Hist. Society Publications.




The museum and library of the Society have been greatly increased

by donations from friends interested in the progress and enlargement of

the institution. It is but a matter of justice to note the contributions

recently made by Prof. J. P. MacLean, one of the trustees, who has been a

very active member ever since he joined the Society. At different times

he has given books on various subjects, besides quite a selection of

Shaker publications. We have just received from    him two pairs of

saddle-bags, used by the Shaker missionaries in their journey from

Mount Lebanon, N. Y. to Ohio in 1805. Also the family Bible of Mal-

colm Worley, the first Shaker convert in the West. These had been pre-

sented to him by Miss Susanna C. Liddell of Union Village. Mr. James

H. Fennessey, manager of the Shaker community, gave the loom-sev-

enty years old--the two looms for making bonnets, and a secretary at

Watervliet, besides the North Union and Watervliet archives, all of

which Dr. MacLean has generously donated to the Society. Among the

manuscripts of particular value are the autobiographies of Richard W

Pelham  and David Spinning. The list of bound volumes relating to

North Union embrace seventy in number, comprising R     W. Pelham's

diary, 1837-1840; another for 1852-1867, which contains a journal of a

tour to the eastern societies in 1852; and a diary from 1866 to 1872.

Samuel S. Miner's diary embraces six volumes, covering the periods from

1847-1862; 1854-1861, with account book, 1888, and the breaking up of

North Union. Diaries without authors named are for the years 1858-

1860; 1859-1863; 1859; 1869; Sept. 1869; 1870; 1871-1878; 1875-1877.

One diary does not designate the year. James S. Prescott's tour to Union

Village in September and October, 1842; tour to eastern communities

in September and October, 1860, with an appendix containing theolog-

ical selections. The same author has left notes for 1886, which also gives

an account of the blowing up of the grist mill. Besides these are his

remarkable events for 1845-1846; selections of calamities for 1847-1850;

and abuse of dumb animals. There is an account of a visit to White

Water, but without date. There are nursery and garden diaries and

journals for 1856-1862; 1861-1863, and 1863-1868. There is a book

on aphorisms by R. W. Pelham presented to Samuel S. Miner. There

are two books of poems, and a selection in prose and poetry for 1852-

1870. The hymn and tune books number seven, are for 1833, another

1845-1846, and another for 1855, being funeral hymns with names of

the departed. Six volumes are devoted to the novitiate covenant, and

contain the signatures of five hundred and fifty-six persons, which is

exclusive of the thirty-three signatures on loose sheets. Spiritualism that

broke out in 1837 among the Shakers, forms an important episode in the

history of North Union. Five volumes are preserved, which are reve-

lations in 1843; Life of Christ, January 6, 1843; Margaret Sawyer, Me-


Editorialana.                        127


dium; revelations beginning March 11, 1846, closing February 28, 1847;

revelations, 1846-1847; select communications, 1843-1859.  There are

also twenty-three detached communications.   One book contains the

school record for 1869-1874; another the business meetings for 1870-1886;

anorther the business meetings for 1870-1871, with circular epistles from

Mount Lebanon Ministry for June 23d and July 25th, 1870; another the

tailor's book for 1849; another, the names and ages of Believers in 1852,

1858, 1860, 1864; another, the general index book, 1861; another on the

final sale of chattels in 1889; another contains list of subscribers to The

Manifesto, with per capita tax for supporting same in 1876-7; the same

1885, and another on Biblical text books on death, 1847. Besides all

these there are forty separate indentures of children. Much history

may be gleaned from ledgers or account books. Of these, we find for

the East family, the ledgers for 1873-1878; 1880-1881; 1880-1884; day

book without date; and joint accounts of East and Mill families for

1860-1863. There are ledgers for 1860-1867; 1861-1869; 1868-1869; 1874-

1881; 1882; ledger and daily journal for 1868-1879; deaconnesses of

Center family accounts for 1844-1865; tannery accounts, 1839-1841; 1835-

1836, with Hermann Kimball's scrap-book; office day-book, 1871, and

Saluda Iowa account book for 1867, 1868. The archives of the Water-

vliet Community (near Dayton, Ohio), are more defective. In short

are quite scant. Among the diaries are those of Nathaniel Taylor, 1823-

1830; Henry Reynolds, 1853-1856; Moses Eastwood, 1865-1868, and

1871-1877; diary author unknown, 1890-92.  Ledger, 1802-1822; 1840-

1860; 1849-1882; 1857-1872; 1865-1877; 1881-1882; 1881-1884; 1888-

1891; 1892; Ledger North family, 1882; A. E. Doyle's ledger, 1883;

Moses Eastwood's bank account, 1877; Hester Frost's "Book of Poems,"

1846, and Frederick Kromer's "Book of Selections," 1859. On detached

papers there are accounts of spiritualism, 1838-1847, sixty-eight communi-

cations, Peggy Patterson being the principal medium; thirty-seven in-

dentures of children; one binding out of a colored girl as a servant by

trustees of Dayton township, to James Ball, November 5, 1832; thirty-

seven indentures of children; five novitiate covenant members; eight

testimonies to Shakerism; three court subpoenas, etc. There should also

be enumerated thirteen other MSS. books, such as those containing rules

and government for 1860; also 1887; instructions concerning schools;

day journals of eight Pleasant Hill, Kentucky, Shakers' tour through

Ohio in May, 1870; Nathan Sharp's account book (Union Village),

1824-1829; the famous Shaker "Harvard Book," revealed in 1841; "Holy

Laws of Zion," revealed by the angel Vikalen in 1840; Divine Judgments

Concerning Confessions of Sins, 1859; Youth's Guide in Zion," re-

vealed January 5, 1841; "Instructions to Gathering Order," revealed Feb-

ruary 26, 1842; "Revelations to Mount Lebanon Ministry on their re-

sponsibility," given May 3, 1844, etc., etc. These MSS. contain valu-

able historical matter other than that relating to the Shakers.  The

Society is exceedingly fortunate in securing so large an amount of mate-

rial that must be of value to the future historian.