Ohio History Journal

126 Ohio Arch

126        Ohio Arch. and Hist. Society Publications.




The museum and library of the Society have been greatly increased

by donations from friends interested in the progress and enlargement of

the institution. It is but a matter of justice to note the contributions

recently made by Prof. J. P. MacLean, one of the trustees, who has been a

very active member ever since he joined the Society. At different times

he has given books on various subjects, besides quite a selection of

Shaker publications. We have just received from    him two pairs of

saddle-bags, used by the Shaker missionaries in their journey from

Mount Lebanon, N. Y. to Ohio in 1805. Also the family Bible of Mal-

colm Worley, the first Shaker convert in the West. These had been pre-

sented to him by Miss Susanna C. Liddell of Union Village. Mr. James

H. Fennessey, manager of the Shaker community, gave the loom-sev-

enty years old--the two looms for making bonnets, and a secretary at

Watervliet, besides the North Union and Watervliet archives, all of

which Dr. MacLean has generously donated to the Society. Among the

manuscripts of particular value are the autobiographies of Richard W

Pelham  and David Spinning. The list of bound volumes relating to

North Union embrace seventy in number, comprising R     W. Pelham's

diary, 1837-1840; another for 1852-1867, which contains a journal of a

tour to the eastern societies in 1852; and a diary from 1866 to 1872.

Samuel S. Miner's diary embraces six volumes, covering the periods from

1847-1862; 1854-1861, with account book, 1888, and the breaking up of

North Union. Diaries without authors named are for the years 1858-

1860; 1859-1863; 1859; 1869; Sept. 1869; 1870; 1871-1878; 1875-1877.

One diary does not designate the year. James S. Prescott's tour to Union

Village in September and October, 1842; tour to eastern communities

in September and October, 1860, with an appendix containing theolog-

ical selections. The same author has left notes for 1886, which also gives

an account of the blowing up of the grist mill. Besides these are his

remarkable events for 1845-1846; selections of calamities for 1847-1850;

and abuse of dumb animals. There is an account of a visit to White

Water, but without date. There are nursery and garden diaries and

journals for 1856-1862; 1861-1863, and 1863-1868. There is a book

on aphorisms by R. W. Pelham presented to Samuel S. Miner. There

are two books of poems, and a selection in prose and poetry for 1852-

1870. The hymn and tune books number seven, are for 1833, another

1845-1846, and another for 1855, being funeral hymns with names of

the departed. Six volumes are devoted to the novitiate covenant, and

contain the signatures of five hundred and fifty-six persons, which is

exclusive of the thirty-three signatures on loose sheets. Spiritualism that

broke out in 1837 among the Shakers, forms an important episode in the

history of North Union. Five volumes are preserved, which are reve-

lations in 1843; Life of Christ, January 6, 1843; Margaret Sawyer, Me-


Editorialana.                        127


dium; revelations beginning March 11, 1846, closing February 28, 1847;

revelations, 1846-1847; select communications, 1843-1859.  There are

also twenty-three detached communications.   One book contains the

school record for 1869-1874; another the business meetings for 1870-1886;

anorther the business meetings for 1870-1871, with circular epistles from

Mount Lebanon Ministry for June 23d and July 25th, 1870; another the

tailor's book for 1849; another, the names and ages of Believers in 1852,

1858, 1860, 1864; another, the general index book, 1861; another on the

final sale of chattels in 1889; another contains list of subscribers to The

Manifesto, with per capita tax for supporting same in 1876-7; the same

1885, and another on Biblical text books on death, 1847. Besides all

these there are forty separate indentures of children. Much history

may be gleaned from ledgers or account books. Of these, we find for

the East family, the ledgers for 1873-1878; 1880-1881; 1880-1884; day

book without date; and joint accounts of East and Mill families for

1860-1863. There are ledgers for 1860-1867; 1861-1869; 1868-1869; 1874-

1881; 1882; ledger and daily journal for 1868-1879; deaconnesses of

Center family accounts for 1844-1865; tannery accounts, 1839-1841; 1835-

1836, with Hermann Kimball's scrap-book; office day-book, 1871, and

Saluda Iowa account book for 1867, 1868. The archives of the Water-

vliet Community (near Dayton, Ohio), are more defective. In short

are quite scant. Among the diaries are those of Nathaniel Taylor, 1823-

1830; Henry Reynolds, 1853-1856; Moses Eastwood, 1865-1868, and

1871-1877; diary author unknown, 1890-92.  Ledger, 1802-1822; 1840-

1860; 1849-1882; 1857-1872; 1865-1877; 1881-1882; 1881-1884; 1888-

1891; 1892; Ledger North family, 1882; A. E. Doyle's ledger, 1883;

Moses Eastwood's bank account, 1877; Hester Frost's "Book of Poems,"

1846, and Frederick Kromer's "Book of Selections," 1859. On detached

papers there are accounts of spiritualism, 1838-1847, sixty-eight communi-

cations, Peggy Patterson being the principal medium; thirty-seven in-

dentures of children; one binding out of a colored girl as a servant by

trustees of Dayton township, to James Ball, November 5, 1832; thirty-

seven indentures of children; five novitiate covenant members; eight

testimonies to Shakerism; three court subpoenas, etc. There should also

be enumerated thirteen other MSS. books, such as those containing rules

and government for 1860; also 1887; instructions concerning schools;

day journals of eight Pleasant Hill, Kentucky, Shakers' tour through

Ohio in May, 1870; Nathan Sharp's account book (Union Village),

1824-1829; the famous Shaker "Harvard Book," revealed in 1841; "Holy

Laws of Zion," revealed by the angel Vikalen in 1840; Divine Judgments

Concerning Confessions of Sins, 1859; Youth's Guide in Zion," re-

vealed January 5, 1841; "Instructions to Gathering Order," revealed Feb-

ruary 26, 1842; "Revelations to Mount Lebanon Ministry on their re-

sponsibility," given May 3, 1844, etc., etc. These MSS. contain valu-

able historical matter other than that relating to the Shakers.  The

Society is exceedingly fortunate in securing so large an amount of mate-

rial that must be of value to the future historian.