Ohio History Journal

566 Ohio Arch

566         Ohio Arch. and Hist. Society Publications.


dealers of the kind in question with something of the nature of a cer-

tificate from year to year?         Yours respectfully,


Superintendent Provincial Museum.

PAGE HALL, COLUMBUS, O., March 25, 1904.

MY DEAR PROF. MOOREHEAD:- I feel that the dealers and so-called

commercially inclined collectors are a great menace to our scientific

museums in very many ways. Many dealers collect specimens giving

little or no attention to authentic data and offer same for sale. When

called upon to give the necessary data, they are able to furnish a complete

history of each specimen? For instance, I know a collector who has

in his cabinet a number of specimens labeled "Found in Montgomery

County, Ohio"; these he procured from a dealer. The specimens are

clearly not Ohio specimens and are typical Georgia finds.

Further, the country has been flooded with spurious artifacts "with

complete records," furnished by dealers throughout the country. The

commercially inclined collector destroys the mounds and village sites

merely for the relics they find, blotting out forever what might be of

great importance to the archaeologist who will sooner or later make an

examination of this work. Of the two, the commercially inclined collector

is the one to be avoided. He is very often unscrupulous in procuring speci-

mens and many fall into his hands through false pretenses. Many so-called

collectors travel through the country, preying upon farmers and small

collectors by telling them that they are collecting for some museum, or

collecting specimens to photograph, or make drawings for some book on

archaeology, and when completed the specimens will be returned, with

a fine copy of the book gratis. The book is never published, consequently

the specimens are never returned.

We are prevailed upon many times during the year to purchase

specimens from parties who have "just opened a mound," or "found on

grandfather's farm," and I am happy to say that they have never made

a sale here. I feel that it is the duty of every museum curator never to

purchase specimens of any kind from dealers or commercially inclined

collectors.            Very truly yours,      W. C. MILLS,

Curator Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society.



In the January number of the current volume was made mention

of valuable MSS. and articles of industry secured from  the SHAKERS

through the agency of Dr. J. P. MacLean. During the months of June,

July and August of this year, Dr. MacLean made a tour of all the

Eastern Shaker communities, and wherever he went, the Historical So-

ciety's interests were not neglected. The result was a donation of

nineteen cases of books and relics now within the Library and Museum.

amounting in value to many hundred dollars. For these valuable ac-

quisitions the Society is indebted to Elder Timothy Rayson, Alonzo G.

Hollister, Eldress Anna White, Eldress Sarah Burger, Eldress Julia

Scott, Eldress Clarissa Jacobs, Eldress Sarah Collins, Sisters Catherine

Allen, Sadie and Emma J. Neale and Eunice Cantrell of Mt. Lebanon,

N. Y.; Eldress Sophia Helfrich, Eldress Catherine Piper and Sister

Martha Johnson, of the Hancock Society; Elder Joseph Holden and

Eldress Mary Ellston of the Shirley Society; Eldress Margaret O. Eggles-


Editorialana.                       567


ton of the Harvard Society; Eldress Miriam Offord and Sister Angelina

Brown, of the Enfield, Conn., Society; Sister Rosetta Cummings of the

Enfield, N. H., Society; Elder Henry C. Blinn and Eldress Mary A.

Wilson, of the Canterbury Society; Eldress Fannie Casey, of the Alfred

Society, and Sisters Aurelia G. Mace and Sarah Fletcher of the Sabbath-

day Lake Society.

Besides the Shaker books received, there were several hundred

others, of a miscellaneous variety, all of which are valuable, besides over

thirty bound volumes of newspapers and journals, mostly published in

New York. These latter came from Elder Timothy Rayson and Eldress

Anna White.

Among the Shaker relics were the hat, knife, thimble, basket and

part of dress of Mother Ann Lee; china mug and dress of Mother Lucy

Wright; hats once worn by Elders F. W. Evans, Daniel Boler and

Richard Bushnell; wine cup of Eldress Olive Spencer (first eldress of

Mt. Lebanon); saddle-bags of Elder Eleazer Rand (over 100 years old);

one full suit of Brother's clothes; shoes of Eldress Antoinette Doolittle;

under jacket of F. W. Evans; large spinning wheel, bed warming pan;

reel, canes, razors, looking glasses; wash bowl of Elder James Whittaker;

tailor's compas; suit of boy's dolls clothes, made by Eldress Sarah Bur-

ger; one very large doll dressed in Shaker Sister's suit of the present, by

Sister Sadie Neale; another in Sister's old style, dressed by Eldress

Clarissa Jacobs; trunk of Eldress Eliza Babbitt; fancy box made by Elder

Richard Bushnell; fourteen samples of Shaker cloth, etc., etc. One of

the canes had belonged to Elder Benjamin Dunlavy of Pleasant Hill, Ky.;

thence to Elder Harvey L. Eads of South Union, Ky., and finally to

John Bradford of Enfield, N. H. The latter died at an advanced age,

while Dr. MacLean was addressing the Society on Early Shakerism in

the West. Dr. MacLean made eleven different addresses at Mt. Lebanon,

one each at Enfield, Conn., Enfield, N. H., Harvard and Sabbathday Lake.

He was made a member of North Family, Enfield, Conn., and also of

the Church Family of Harvard. He had previously been made a mem-

ber of the North Family at Union Village and of the North Family at

Mt. Lebanon. The Shakers report that privileges were accorded to Dr.

MacLean that never were bestowed upon any other non-member. They

were drawn to him by the fairness of his writings concerning them, claim-

ing that he is more just and discerning than any other author. Dr. Mac-

Lean in due time, will give a full account of his life among the Shaker

communities, which will be published. He is now at work preparing a

bibliography of Shakerism.

The Historical Society now rejoices in having the largest Shaker

collection of books and relics of any public institution in the world. A

further very large donation is promised from James H. Fennessey,

manager of Union Village, Eldress Clymena Miner and Sister Susannah

C. Liddell. The North Family of Mt. Lebanon has become a life member

of the Historical Society.