Ohio History Journal

Book Notes

Book Notes



Connected Thoughts: A Reinterpretation of the Reorganization of Antioch

College in the 1920's. By Stephen R. Herr. (Lanham, Maryland: University

Press of America, 1997. xii + 282 p., tables, endnotes, bibliographic essay, in-

dex.) In the long history of Antioch College, two presidents have been revered:

Horace Mann for his liberal educational policies in the 1850s which introduced

females and minorities, and Arthur E. Morgan for his work-study concept in the

1920s. The work-study "co-op" program was instituted in the fall of 1921; stu-

dents were divided into two divisions, with one "div" attending classes on campus

while the other worked at various jobs related to academic studies (or simply to fi-

nance a college education). The divisions reversed roles after several weeks. With

a few interruptions, the co-op program continues today. Morgan was also inter-

ested in college-backed student projects that could develop into small industries.

Connected Thoughts summarizes several work-study programs initiated in the

nineteenth century, particularly in the colleges established by the American

Missionary Association for black students, and the co-op program in engineering

established at the University of Cincinnati in 1906, which was the pioneering ef-

fort of Herman Schneider and of national importance in higher education.

Antioch, like many other small private colleges, was suffering from a lack of

students-and income-in the early twentieth century. By 1919 Morgan had writ-

ten extensively concerning education. He was elected to the Antioch board of

trustees on the basis of his work-study plan and his involvement with the progres-

sive Moraine Park School in Dayton. On viewing the campus, Morgan told his

wife that Antioch was ". . . near dead, so we could do what we want with it" (p. 47).

Morgan became president of Antioch in July, 1920. He proved to be tireless in

public relations and sold the "new" concept of work-study nationwide through

speeches and articles, often promising more than the program, or the college fac-

ulty, was capable of delivering. Connected Thoughts provides an in-depth study

of Morgan's educational theories, whether borrowed or original, and their imple-

mentation. It is Herr's contention that Morgan was a "coordinator"" rather than

an "innovator" of the work-study program, and he documents the various individ

uals and groups that helped to shape the program, the often hard-pressed faculty,

the board of trustees, local residents, and nationally prominent educators and in-



Ohio Historical Society                                 Donald A. Hutslar



Ohio and Its People. Second Edition. By George W. Knepper. (Kent: Kent

State University Press, 1997. xiii + 532p.; illustrations, appendices, bibliogra-

phy, index.) The second edition of George Knepper's state history is brought up

to date by adding a final chapter on the 1990s. In his new preface, the author

sounds a strong note of optimism for Ohio's future. This positive outlook re-

sounds through the new chapter, perhaps best exemplified by several of the sec-

tion headings such as "Erasing the Rust" and "Ohio's Cities-Looking Good."

Knepper uses a similar framework to that established in the final chapter of the

first edition, "Ohio in the Post-Industrial Age," to examine the present decade.

After a discussion of state politics, he covers eleven components of Ohio's econ-

Book Notes 117

Book Notes                                                            117


omy and society: location; natural resources; capital; energy; labor; technology;

entrepreneurship; social and political climate; environment; education; and crimi-

nal justice. In nearly all of these he sees the state as representative or typical,

providing details on state manifestations of nation issues. Ending as he began,

the author concludes with "A Bit of State Pride" that assesses Ohio's current

"positive environment."


Ohio Historical Society                                  David A. Simmons



Legacy of the Land: Agriculture's Story to the Present. By Hiram M. Drache.

(Danville, Illinois: Interstate Publishers, Inc., 1996. xxv + 494p.; illustrations,

references, index.) This is an excellent summary of the history of the agrarian el-

ement in American Society. It mentions practically every political, social, eco-

nomic and technological development since colonial times. It is well organized

and the text is accompanied by useful photography, drawings, and graphs. The

coverage, however, is extremely superficial, so this book has limited value. It

might be used as a textbook for students in survey classes or as a reference work,

but beyond that it will be of little use to specialists in the field of agricultural his-



Midwestern State University                      Kenneth E. Henrickson, Jr.



Ohio in Historic Postcards: Self-Portrait of a State. By H. Roger Grant. (Kent:

The Kent State University Press, 1997. x + 257p.; illustrations.) This pictorial

treatment of Ohio history is divided into two parts: an introductory context and an

album of postcards. The initial section outlines the history of the medium from

the first picture postcards produced for the World's Columbian Exposition in 1893

through the introduction of the "real" photo card in 1902 to the "Golden Age" of

postcard production and collecting between 1905 and 1915. The album is divided

into ten segments: landscapes; commercial structures; public buildings; monu-

ments and memorials; religion; education; transportation; industry; Ohioans at

work; and Ohioans at play. Scattered through the album captions are generaliza-

tions about Ohio history and tidbits gleaned from the card messages.


Ohio Historical Society                                                                        David A. Simmons



The French and Indian War in Pennsylvania 1753-1763:               Fortification and

Struggle During the War for Empire.   By Louis M. Waddell and Bruce D.

Bomberger. (Harrisburg: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission,

1996. viii + 112p.; illustrations, fort and site inventory, annotated bibiliogra-

phy, index.) This slender paperback volume is a historic preservation planning

document prepared for the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission. It

attempts to provide a context for evaluating standing structures and archaeological

sites from the war era. The first section is a concise synthesis of past and current

scholarship on French and Indian War sites in southwestern Pennsylvania.

Because of the need to tie into actual structures or sites, much of this context is ex-

tremely site specific. Inherent in this type of study is also an assumption that

these sites are worthy of preservation for their educational value as well as for


118                                                      OHIO HISTORY


their potential contribution to scholarly research. Along those lines, brief rec-

ommendations for future research are provided as a conclusion to this portion. The

second section, based entirely on a literature search that has not been field-tested,

is an inventory of 112 fort and camp sites with a brief description, listing of

sources, general location (since exact locations are not always known and are also

privileged information due to a fear of unauthorized excavations), and interpreta-

tive notes. Scattered throughout is a sampling of the many contemporary maps,

plats and drawings, and archaeological excavation results from these sites.


Ohio Historical Society                                David A. Simmons



Wisconsin in the Civil War: The Home Front and the Battle Front, 1861-1865.

By Frank L. Klement. (Madison: The State Historical Society of Wisconsin,

1997. ix + 141p.; illustrations, maps, select bibliography, index.) Written at the

request of the state historical society, Wisconsin in the Civil War is a revised and

expanded version of Klement's highly popular history of Wisconsin's role in the

Civil War which first appeared in the Wisconsin Blue Book. Illustrated with more

than a hundred photos and detailed with many helpful maps, Klement's book offers

a comprehensive study in a chronological narrative style. Wisconsin in the Civil

War is a valuable addition to the history of Wisconsin and will be welcomed by

general readers and scholars alike.


Ohio Historical Society                                     Laura Russell



Stonemasons of Muskingum County, Ohio, in the 1800's. By Betty W. Acker

and Nettie G. Watson. (Zanesville, Ohio:  Muskingum County Genealogical

Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society, 1997. iii +212p.; illustrations.) This

is a remarkable effort by amateur historians to inventory comprehensively all the

stone structures in the county, including both those demolished as well as still

standing. To the expected array of public buildings, churches, canal structures,

bridges, and houses is even added pig pens, fence posts, and watering troughs.

Introductory sections on tools and techniques and appendices on stonemasons in

the 1850 census and stone buildings in neighboring counties further embellish the



Ohio Historical Society                                David A. Simmons


American Country Building Design:   Rediscovered Plans for 19th-Century

Farmhouses, Cottages, Landscapes, Barns, Carriage Houses & Outbuildings. By

Donald J. Berg. (New York: Sterling Publishing Company, 1997. 160p.; illus-

trations, bibliography, index.) Aptly summarized by the author in his introduc-

tion, nineteenth century technological changes revolutionized farming and most

other trades, and in so doing thousands of new towns and villages. The changes

were mirrored in the buildings of the time, particularly as seen in the shift from lo-

cally fabricated, mortise and tenon structures to mass-produced, typically balloon

frame barns and houses of the late 19th century. This profusely illustrated soft

cover volume, a compilation of drawings, excerpts and plans from 19th century ru-

ral guidebooks and agricultural journals, focuses on the picturesque influence.

Book Notes 119

Book Notes                                                          119


Much more than farmhouses, which are amply profiled, Berg's study encompasses

barns, carriage houses, farmstead plans, and neighborhoods, with a brief conclud-

ing look at whether there is such a moniker as an "American style." Students of ru-

ral landscapes will appreciate the bibliography. Valuable because of its numerous

19th century plan books and rural magazines excerpts under one cover, American

Country Building Design will serve as a handy shelf reference for the architectural



Ohio Historical Society                                Stephen C. Gordon



Other books received by Ohio History which might be of interest to our readers:


Exploring the Unknown: Selected Documents in the History of the U.S. Civil

Space Program. Volume II: External Relationships. Edited by John M. Logsdon

with Dwayne A. Day and Roger D. Launius. (Washington, D.C.:    National

Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1996. xxxvi + 636p.; glossary essays,

documents, biographical appendix, index.)

A Geography of Ohio. Edited by Leonard Peacefull. (Kent: The Kent State

University Press, 1996. vi + 340p.; illustrations, maps, references, index.)

Aiming at Targets: The Autobiography of Robert C. Seamans, Jr. By Robert C.

Seamans, Jr. (Washington, D.C.: The NASA History Office, 1996. ix + 291p.;

illustrations, notes, appendices, index.)

Thomas Taggart: Public Servant, Political Boss, 1865-1929. By James Philip

Fadely. (Indianapolis: Indiana Historical Society, 1997. xii + 267p.; illustra-

tions, notes, bibliography, index.)

Life on the Ohio: Captain James Coomer. By James Coomer. Edited by Rita

Kohn and William Lynwood Montell. (Lexington: The University Press of

Kentucky, 1997. xix + 179p.; illustrations, glossary.)

Written on the Hills:  The Making of the Akron Landscape.    By Frances

McGovern. (Akron: The University of Akron Press, 1996. xvi + 241p.; maps,

illustrations, notes.)

Voices from  Vietnam. Edited by Michael E. Stevens.  (Madison:  The State

Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1996. xiv + 255p.; illustrations, glossary,

suggestions for further reading, index.)

Ohio Marriages: Extracted from The Old Northwest Genealogical Quarterly. Edited

by Marjorie Smith. (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.,

1997. 350p.) REPRINT.

The Saintly Scoundrel: The Life and Times of Dr. John Cook Bennett. By Andrew

F. Smith. (Champaign: University of Illinois Press, 1997. xiii + 271p,; illus-

trations, notes, selected bibliography, index.)

Genealogical Research in Ohio.   By Kip Sperry.    (Baltimore, Maryland:

Genealogical Publishing Company, Inc., 1997.  xii + 303p.; illustrations,

chronology, notes and references, bibliography, indices.)

Days of Gold: The California Gold Rush and the American Nation. By Malcolm J.

Rohrbough. (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997. xv + 353p.; il-

lustrations, maps, historians and sources, notes, index.)

The Captain from Nantucket and the Mutiny on the Bounty.  A Recollection of

Mayhew Folger, Mariner, who Discovered the last Mutineer & his Family on

Pitcairn's Island:  together with Letters &  Documents never previously


120                                                     OHIO HISTORY


Published. By Walter Hayes. (Ann Arbor, Michigan: The William L. Clements

Library, 1996. 143p.; illustrations, notes, selected bibliography.)

James A Garfield: A Bibliography. Compiled by Robert O. Rupp. (Westport,

Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1997. xxvii + 185p.; notes, chronology, index

to authors, index to subjects.)

Wallops Station and the Creation of an American Space Program. By Harold D.

Wallace, Jr. (Washington, D.C.: NASA History Office, 1997. xiii + 167p.; il-

lustrations, appendices, note on sources, selected bibliography, index.)

Way Station to Space: A History of the John C. Stennis Space Center, By Mack

R. Herring. (Washington, D.C.: NASA History Office, 1997. xvii + 484p.; il-

lustrations, chronology, index.)

American Locomotives:  An Engineering History, 1830-1880.  Revised and

Expanded. By John H. White, Jr. (xxvi + 593p.; illustrations, note on sources,

appendices, bibliography, index.)

The Natural History of the Long Expedition to the Rocky Mountains, 1819-1820.

By Howard Ensign Evans. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1997. xii +

268p.; illustrations, appendices, bibliography, index.)