Ohio History Journal

Historical News

Historical News




A number of cities are taking steps to preserve, protect, and, in some

cases, reconstruct historical areas, the American Society of Planning Officials

has reported. Such programs, the society suggests, are to the benefit of the

cities because they stimulate tourist trade and save certain areas from de-

clining into slums.

Charleston, South Carolina, has established by law a zone known as the

"old and historic Charleston district," which comprises the area in which

there is the greatest concentration of early buildings. A city board of

architectural review passes on the appropriateness of all exterior archi-

tectural features proposed for buildings to be erected or altered in the area.

Natchez, Mississippi, by local ordinance protects historic buildings in

an area covering twenty blocks in the central business district.

New Orleans protects the famous old Vieux Carre section through a city

aesthetic control agency. Newcastle, Delaware, and Annapolis, Maryland,

are among other cities with operating plans for protecting their fine his-

torical features.


The French refugee village, Azilum, which existed on the upper Sus-

quehanna River from 1793 to 1803, is to be restored by French Azilum,

Inc., a recently formed non-profit organization. The village had fifty log

houses and "The Queen's House," a large log building built as a refuge

for Marie Antoinette. The corporation plans also the construction of an

amphitheater for an annual historical pageant. The project is to be financed

in part from memberships, available at from fifty cents annually to one

hundred dollars. Information may be obtained from French Azilum, Inc.,

Towanda, Pennsylvania.


Harold Dean Cater has been named executive director of the Sleepy

Hollow Restorations, Inc. He succeeds Hugh Grant Powell, who retires

after long association with the restorations. The organization maintains two





restorations: Philipse Castle at North Tarrytown, a Dutch manor of the

seventeenth century, and Washington Irving's home at Sunnyside.


The Hayes Memorial Library has recently acquired a number of in-

teresting old pictures of Fremont, Ohio, as well as numerous additional

letters of R. B. Hayes, and a collection of letterbooks of Andrew E.

Douglass, a son of President David B. Douglass of Kenyon College (1841-

45) and himself a graduate of Kenyon. The library now has a microfilm

copy of Kenneth Edwin Davison's "Forgotten Ohioan: Elisha Whittlesey,"

a Ph.D. dissertation at Western Reserve University, from which positive

prints are available upon request.


The Ohio-Indiana Chapter of the American Studies Association was or-

ganized last October at Delaware, Ohio. The present officers are: president,

John Ball of Miami University; vice president, Terence Martin of Indiana

University; secretary-treasurer, William Coyle of Wittenberg College; mem-

bers of the executive board, Tristram Coffin of Denison University, Kenneth

Davison of Heidelberg College, Frank Phipps of the University of Akron,

and Lyon Richardson of Western Reserve University. A mimeographed

newsletter is published by the association at Wittenberg College, which sub-

sidizes the organization.


The American Jewish Historical Society announces awards of $500,

$300, and $200 as first, second, and third prizes, respectively, in cash or

in the form of scholarships at recognized schools of higher learning, for

the best essays in the field of American Jewish history. The contest is open

to students of recognized schools of higher learning, graduate and under-

graduate, without distinction of race, color, or creed. Essays must be sub-

mitted on or before November 1, 1955. Correspondence relating to the

Historical Essay Award should be addressed to the American Jewish His-

torical Society, 3080 Broadway, New York 27, New York.


A short course in "Historic House Keeping" will be offered by the Na-

tional Trust for Historic Preservation and the New York State Historical

Association at Cooperstown, New York, September 18-24. Outstanding

authorities will discuss problems connected with the planning of historic

house projects and the interpreting of this important phase of the American

heritage. The course is open to all who are concerned with these problems.


HISTORICAL NEWS          335


Co-directors of the course are Frederick L. Rath, Jr., director of the National

Trust for Historic Preservation, Washington, D. C., and Louis C. Jones,

director of the New York State Historical Association, Cooperstown, New

York. Correspondence relating to the course content or to special problems

should be directed to the former; that relating to registration, fees, housing,

or transportation to the latter.


The first number of Volume 2 of Ethnohistory, the quarterly journal of

the Ohio Valley Historic Indian Conference, appears in a new and attractive

format. It is now being published by Indiana University under the editor-

ship of Erminie W. Voegelin of Indiana, who is also executive secretary

of the organization. August C. Mahr of Ohio State University is the chair-

man of the conference. Raymond S. Baby of the Ohio Historical Society

and Dwight L. Smith of Miami University are members of the executive

committee, Professor Smith being in addition book review editor of



At a meeting of the executive committee of the Anthony Wayne Parkway

Board on April 30, long-range plans for the development of the district

were discussed. Results of the activities of the board are being seen at

Yellow Springs, where the town council approved a plan prepared by the

board, and work on the project has been launched.


One of the major current projects of the Marietta College Library is

the indexing of the thirty-nine volumes of the Martin R. Andrews papers.

Andrews was superintendent of schools at Steubenville, 1870-79; principal

of Marietta Academy, 1879-94; and professor of history and political science

at Marietta College, 1894-1910. He was a crusader for a better teacher-

training program in Ohio.

About six hundred items, largely correspondence, have been added to

the Ephraim Cutler collection.


Jacob R. Marcus, director of the American Jewish Archives, was the

recipient of the National Jewish Welfare Board's Frank L. Weil Award

for 1955. The award was given in recognition of Dr. Marcus' scholarly

investigations and writings, which have stimulated a renaissance in American

Jewish history. The medallion and citation were presented at the annual

meeting of the board of directors in New York City on April 24.




Ernest L. Presseisen, who received his Ph.D. degree from Harvard in

1955, and George Knepper, whose Ph.D. degree was granted by the Uni-

versity of Michigan in 1954, have been appointed instructors in history at

the University of Akron. Dr. Knepper is also assistant adviser of men.

Roy V. Sherman, head of the political science department, has been

named chairman of the social science division since Dr. Summerfield

Baldwin's death. Clara G. Roe continues as acting head of the history



Louis Filler of Antioch College has been appointed a consultant for

Supplement Two of the Dictionary of American Biography. Dr. Filler is

teaching in the history department at Roosevelt University during the

summer session.


Watt P. Marchman, director of the Hayes Memorial Library and Museum,

had an article, "Lucy Webb Hayes in Cincinnati: The First Five Years,

1848-1852," in the Bulletin of the Historical and Philosophical Society of

Ohio for January.


George J. Blazier, librarian at Marietta College, has recently been made

librarian and archivist of the college.


At Miami University Charles B. Forcey will continue as assistant pro-

fessor of history for 1955-56 in place of Paul Erwin, who is on leave

for a second year. Ronald E. Shaw will be assistant professor of history

and social studies.


Thomas LeDuc of Oberlin College will be a visiting professor at the

University of Wisconsin for the year 1955-56. During his leave of absence

David Lindsey of Baldwin-Wallace College will be acting associate pro-

fessor at Oberlin. Dr. LeDuc is the recipient of the Edwards Memorial

Prize of the Agricultural History Society for his article, "State Disposal of

the Agricultural College Land Scrip," which appeared in the July 1954

issue of Agricultural History.

Mrs. Ewart Lewis, author of Medieval Political Ideas (Alfred Knopf,

1954), will teach part time in the history department next year.


HISTORICAL NEWS          337


James H. Rodabaugh, head of the Ohio Historical Society's division of

history and science, served as a commentator at a joint session of the Ohio

Valley Historic Indian Conference and the Mississippi Valley Historical

Association at the latter's annual meeting in April at St. Louis. Dwight L.

Smith of Miami University was chairman of the session, which had as its

topic, "Indians: Views and Resources."


Two members of the history staff at Ohio State University have pub-

lished books during the current year. Foster Rhea Dulles, chairman of the

department, is the author of America's Rise to World Power, published by

Harper & Brothers. Morton Borden's The Federalism of James A. Bayard

was published by the Columbia University Press.

Eugene H. Roseboom was elected president of the Ohio Academy of

History at its annual business meeting at the Ohio State Museum on

April 2.

Walter Dorn was elected to the council of the American Historical

Association at the annual meeting of the association in New York, De-

cember 28-30, 1954.

Lowell Ragatz is visiting professor of history in the research school of

the social sciences at the Australian National University, Canberra.


Carl Gustavson of the history department at Ohio University is the

author of A Preface to History, recently published by McGraw-Hill.

A. T. Volwiler contributed the seventh chapter, "Harrison, Blaine, and

American Foreign Policy, 1889-1893," to the volume, Shaping American

Diplomacy, edited by W. A. Williams and published this year by Rand



The Rev. Alfred G. Stritch is the new chairman of the history depart-

ment and head of the division of social science at Our Lady of Cincinnati

College, succeeding the Very Reverend Monsignor William J. Gauche,

who died on December 12, 1954.

Vincent Delaney has been appointed to the history department and will

teach Latin-American history.