BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE EARTHWORKS OF
PREPARED BY MRS. CYRUS THOMAS FOR THE SMITHSONIAN
[ Continued from page 78.]
ANY observers in the State who have facts concerning the
earthworks of Ohio, in addition to those here stated, will
confer a favor upon the world by forwarding such informa-
tion to Professor G. F. Wright, Oberlin, 0., the member of the
Editorial Committee in charge of this department, by whom
the facts will be classified and published in future numbers,
making the QUARTERLY by far the completest depository of
In locating ancient remains it is desirable to note the fol-
The character of the works-whether mounds, stone
graves, burial places, enclosures, walls, caches, etc.
Whether explored or not, and if explored whether relics
were found, the kind of relics, and where such relics have
been deposited, if known.
The exact locality, as near as can be determined, in town-
ship, county, and State, and whether near a town or stream
of any note.
Whether any notice or description has been published, and
in what book, paper or magazine such notice may be found.
In all cases where antiquities have existed, but are now
obliterated, they should be included in the list, and mention
made of their having been destroyed.
Mound near Wilmington. Mentioned in Amer. Antiq.,
Vol. I (1879), pp. 262, 263.
Ancient burying ground, a short distance below Coshoc-
ton. Brief notice, quoted from description by Dr. Hildreth,
192 Ohio Archaeological and Historical Quarterly.
in Silliman's Journal. Howe's Hist. Coll. Ohio, pp. 115,
116; also in Silliman's Journal.
Ancient cemetery, a short distance below Coshocton, on
an elevated, gravelly alluvium. As seen in 1835 by an
anonymous writer, Amer. Jour. Sci. and Art, 1st Ser., Vol.
XXXI (1837), p. 69.
Mound near Chagrin Falls. Explored. Described in
Amer. Antiq., Vol. I (1878), pp. 55, 56.
The Jewett "Hill Mound," "Courtney's Mound," "W.
Conant's Mound," and "G. Conant's Mound," at Dover.
Explored, but contents only noticed, 9th Rep. Peab. Mus.,
Mound that formerly existed at the corner of Euclid and
Erie streets, Cleveland. Mentioned by Col. Whittlesey, and
articles obtained therefrom figured, Tract 5, West. Res.
Hist. Soc. (1871), p. 39. He also mentions, on same page,
a mound that formerly existed on the homestead of A.
Freese, Sawtell avenue.
Ancient works at Newburg (walls and ditches). Described
and figured by Col. Whittlesey, Tract 5, West. Res. Hist.
Soc. (1871), pp. 10, 11, Pls. 2, 8. Noticed and Col. Whit-
tlesey's figure copied by S. D. Peet, Amer. Antiq., Vol. V
(1883) p. 236; see also Anc. Mon., p. 40.
Ancient work, "three miles southeast of Cleveland," briefly
described from Col. Whittlesey's notes, Anc. Mon., pp. 38,
39. (Probably the works at Newburg, above mentioned).
Ancient works at Independence (walls, ditches and enclo-
sure). Described and figured by Col. Whittlesey, Tract 5,
West. Res. Hist. Soc. (1871), pp. 11, 12, Pls. 2 and 3; Anc.
Mon., p. 40.
Ancient works are found in three places in this county;
most noted in lower Liberty, about eleven miles below Dela-
ware, on the east bank of Olentangy. Localities of Indian
villages. Brief mentions, Howe's Hist. Coll. Ohio, p. 573.
Mound in northeast part of Kelly's Island. Explored,
Bibliography of the Earthworks of Ohio. 193
described and figured by Col. Whittlesey, Tract 41, West.
Res. Hist. Soc., pp. 35, 36.
Two circles at "Rock Mill," about seven miles north of
Lancaster, on a hill a short distance from Hocking River.
Other mounds and works in same section. Briefly noticed
by Professor E. B. Andrews, Rep. Peab. Mus., Vol. II, pp.
51-53. Described and figured in Anc. Mon., p. 100, Pl.
xxxvi, No. 3.
Embankment, with corresponding exterior ditch, four and
a half miles north of Worthington, on the left bank of Olen-
tangy Creek. Brief notice and figure, Anc. Mon., p. 36.
Pl. xiv, No. 2.
Square enclosure, circle and mound, on Olentangy Creek,
one mile west of the town of Worthington. Described and
figured, Anc. Mon., p. 84, Pl. xxix, No. 3.
Mound which formerly stood on the south line of Colum-
bus (city). Opened. Brief description, Coll. Hist. and Mis-
cel. and Monthly Journal, Vol. II (1823), pp. 47, 48; also
in Ohio Monitor.
Mound at Whittington. Notices by Caleb Atwater, Trans.
Amer. Antiq. Soc., Vol. I, p. 176.
Enclosure and mound, a mile north of Dublin. Reported
by Charles M. Smith.
Cemetery, in the extreme southeast part of the county,
two miles southeast of the village of Parkman. Graves
lined with stone. Described by S. N. Luther, Sm. Rep.,
1881, p. 593. The stone mound and stone graves described
by C. C. Baldwin, Tract 56, West. Res. Hist. Soc. (1882),
pp. 160-165, are probably the same as those mentioned by
Fortification on Massie's Creek (a tributary of Little
Miami), seven miles east of Xenia, consisting of walls of
mingled earth and stone, and stone mounds. Described and
194 Ohio Archaeological and Historical Quarterly.
figured, Anc. Mon., pp. 33, 34, Pl. xii, No. 3. Some other
works, half a mile below, consisting of oblong enclosure,
semicircle and mound. Brief notice and figure, Anc. Mon.,
p. 95, Pl. xxxiv, No. 3. Polygonal enclosure on the right
bank of the Little Miami, Sec. 24, T. 4, R. 8, Anc. Mon.,
pp. 95, 96, Pl. xxxiv, No. 4.
Circular depressions; promontory, known as Mitman's
Hill. Brief description by Professor J. E. Warren, Proc.
Cent. O. Sci. Ass., Vol. V, p. 56.
Mound, four miles north of Xenia, at Tawawa Springs.
Mound in Miami township. Mound at Cedarville, in Cedar-
ville township. Reported by F. C. Hill, Sm. Rep. (1879),
The "Langdon Mound," near Red Bank; brief notice of
the mound and contents, and of another near by.
Mound on the farm of Mr. Gould, two miles from Read-
ing. Brief description of the mound and contents, 16th
Rep. Peab. Mus., pp. 175, 176.
Large enclosure, with outside ditch, on the right bank of
the Great Miami, near the village of Coleraine. Described
and figured Anc. Mon., pp. 35, 36, Pl. xiii, No. 2. (See
also C. Pl. iii. ) Possibly one of the works alluded to by
Hugh Williamson, Obs. on Climate of America, Appendix
D, pp. 189, 190.
Ancient Cemetery near Madisonville. Mentioned in Anc.
Nat., Jan. 1881, Vol. XV, pp. 72-73. A lengthy and illus-
trated description by T. W. Langdon in the Jour. Cin. Soc.
Nat. Hist., V. III, pp. 40-68, p. 139, pp. 203-220, and pp.
237-257. Partial notices also in 15th Rep. Peab. Mus., pp.
63-67 and 77, and 16th Rep., pp. 165-167; pp. 196 and
199. Brief notice from C. L. Metz, Sm. Rep., 1880, p. 445.
A square enclosure and parallel lines, opposite side of
Little Miami River from the Milford Works; nearly opposite
Milford, Clermont county. Brief description Anc. Mon., p.
95, Pl. xxxiv, A, No. 2. Also figured in Hugh Williamson's
work on Climate, p. 197, fig. 2.
Bibliography of the Earthworks of Ohio. 195
Ancient works in Anderson township. Notices and par-
tial descriptions, 16th Rep. Peab. Mus., pp. 167-174 and
p. 202; also 17th Rep., pp. 339-346, 374 and 376. Noticed
by C. L. Metz, Sm. Rep., 1879, p. 439.
Two circular enclosures in Sycamore township. Reported
by J. P. MacLean, Sm. Rep., 1881, p. 683.
Fortified Hill, at the mouth of the Great Miami. De-
scribed and figured, Pres. Harrison in Trans. Hist. Soc.
Ohio, Vol. I, pp. 217-225. Brief notice and figure (copy
from op. cit.) Anc. Mon., pp. 25-26, Pl. ix, No. 2.
Four mounds on the present site of Cincinnati; opened;
the articles obtained described by Dr. Drake in "Pictures
of Cincinnati," p. 204, etc. Mentioned by Caleb Atwater,
Trans. Am. Antiq. Soc., Vol. I, (1820), pp. 156-160.
Mound and grave at Cincinnati. Opened by Col. Win-
throp Sargent, and the articles taken from them described by
him in a letter to Dr. Benj. L. Barton, in 1794. Illustrated,
Trans. Am. Phil. Soc., Vol. IV, (1799), pp. 177-180, and
Vol. V (1802), p. 74.
The following ancient works have been found "in the
precincts of the town of Cincinnati:"
Three circular embankments, two parallel convex banks,
an excavation, and four mounds of unequal dimensions. De-
scribed with measurements in Western Gazetteer or Emi-
grant's Directory, pp. 282-283.
Mound at Sixth and Mound streets, Cincinnati. Reported
by H. H. Hill, Sm. Rep., 1879, p. 438.
Aboriginal vault or oven at the junction of the two
branches of Duck Creek, near the Red Bank station, in the
vicinity of Madisonville.
Old roadway on Sec. 11, Columbia township. Reported
by C. L. Metz, Sm. Rep. 1879, p. 439.
Mound "near the Bellefontaine and Indian Railway,
between Mt. Victory and Ridgeway." Thoroughly ex-
plored and described by John S. B. Matson, in Ohio
196 Ohio Archaeological and Historical Quarterly.
Centen. Rep., pp. 126-134. Illustration original in Tract
11, West. Res. Hist., Soc., 1872, pp. 9-16.
Square enclosure, with nine banks of long parapets united
at one end in the form of a gridiron, on the head branches
of the east fork of the Little Miami River; briefly described
in Western Gazetteer, p. 299.
Brief notice of "Fort Hill," with a few additional partic-
ulars, 17th Rep. Peab. Mus., p. 349. Description and map
in Anc. Mon., pp. 14-16, Pl. v. First described and fig-
ured by Prof. Locke in Geol. Rep. (Ohio), 1838, pp. 267-
269, fig. 15.
Enclosure and mound in Salem township, one mile and a
half southeast of Pricetown. Surveyed, described and fig-
ured, J. P. MacLean, Sm. Rep. 1883, pp. 851-853.
Mounds southeast of Odell's Lake, examined by Dr.
Mound on the summit of Dow's Hill, one mile northeast
of Londonville; explored. Reported by H. B. Case, Sm.
Rep. 1881, p. 597.
Cache of leaf-shaped flint implements, found in a pond on
the farm of Daniel Kick, in Washington township, about a
half mile north of the Lake Fork of the Mohican River.
Described by H. B. Case, Sm. Rep. 1877, p. 267. Reported
by him in Sm. Rep. 1881, p. 597.
Mounds in Washington township, on lands of J. L. and
Cyrus Quick. Examined. Described in Sm. Rep. 1881,
by H. B. Case, p. 596. Marked L in diagram, p. 594.
Ancient works (circular and irregular enclosures, mounds
and ditches), near Norwalk; described and figured from
Whittlesey's surveys and notes, Anc. Mon., pp. 37, 38, Pl.
xv. No. 1.
Mound on the farm of Mr. Ed. Poor, in the edge of Lick
township, near Berlin, on the second bottom of a small trib-
Bibliography of the Earthworks of Ohio. 197
utary of Dixon's Run. Explored and described by Dr. John
E. Sylvester, Am. Antiq., Vol. I, July, August and Septem-
ber, 1878, pp. 73-75.
Mentioned by N. N. Hill, Hist. Knox Co.:
Mound one fourth mile south of Fredericktown, and for-
merly an enclosure, p. 170.
In Berlin township, mound on the Ellis Willet place;
another on the Davis farm, p. 422.
Stone wall in Butler township, p. 432.
Mounds in Clay township, p. 437.
Enclosure on the farm of Mrs. Kerr, Jackson township, p.
Enclosure and mounds near Greersville, Jefferson town-
ship, p. 494.
Mound one mile east of Mt. Liberty; near by, vestiges of
an enclosure, p. 497.
Several mounds in Morgan township, p. 534.
Mound, ditch and embankment, half mile east of Freder-
icktown, on the bank of Owl Creek. A circular ditch and
embankment on the farm of Wm. Loveridge. All in Morris
township, p. 538.
Enclosure and mound formerly on the site of Frederick-
town, Wayne township. Described pp. 557, 558.
Deposit of flint implements near Painesville. Mentioned
by M. C. Read, Am. Antiq., Vol. I, July, August, Septem-
ber, 1878, p. 98.
Old Fort, near Willoughby. Brief description by Col.
Whittlesey, Tract 41, West. Res. Hist. Soc., pp. 36, 37.
Mound two and a half miles south of Newark, known as
the "Taylor mound," and located on the farm of Mr.
Thomas Taylor. Explored and fully described by Prof. O.
C. Marsh, Am. Jour. Sci. and Art, 2d Ser. No. 42 (1866),
pp. 1-11. Republished in Hist. Mag., Oct. 1867, Vol. II, 2d
Ser., p. 240.
198 Ohio Archaeological and Historical Quarterly.
Tippet's mound. Figured on Pl. 11 Ohio Centen. Rep.
Mound of loose stones one mile and a half southeast of
Jackstown, figured on same plate; also mentioned by Col.
Chas. Whittlesey, Tract 5, West. His. Soc., 1871, p. 39.
Flint Ridge, in Licking and Muskingum counties, contains
flint quarries and ancient "diggings." Described by A. C.
Ross and W. H. Ball, Sm. Rep. 1879, p. 440. A geological
sketch by an anonymous writer, Am. Jour. Sci. 1st Ser.
Vol. XXV (1834), pp. 233, 234. Also described in full,
with diagrams, by C. M. Smith, Papers relating to Anthro-
pology, from Sm. Rep. 884, pp. 13-35.
Mound in Amsterdam.
Embankment mound and stone mound a mile and a half
southeast of Amsterdam. Reported by Charles M. Smith.
"The Alligator Mound" and other mounds about three
miles northwest of Newark. Mention and measurements of
the first, Howe's Hist. Coll. Ohio, p. 298. Mentioned in
Anc. Mon., p. 72, and fully described and figured on pp. 98-
100, and Pl. xxxvi, No. 2. Mentioned by S. D. Peet and
Sq. and Davis. Figured, copied, Am. Antiq. Vol. V., 1883,
Stone mound in the vicinity of Licking River, "not many
miles from Newark." Noticed by Caleb Atwater, Trans.
Am. Ant. Soc. Vol. I., pp. 184, 185. Excavated, and de-
scribed by J. Dille, Sm. Rep. 1866, pp. 359, 360.
Fortified Hill, near Granville. Described and figured in
Anc. Mon., pp. 24, 25, Pl. ix, No. 1.
"The Newark Works," consisting of lines of embankment,
enclosures, mounds, etc., at the junction of South and Rac-
coon forks of Licking River, one mile west of Newark. De-
scribed with plat and figures, Anc. Mon., pp. 67-72, Pl. xxv,
figs. 12-16. Mentioned in Howe's Hist. Coll. Ohio, p.
294. Described and figured by Caleb Atwater, Trans. Am.
Antiq. Soc. Vol. I (1820). pp. 126-129, Pl. ii. Described
by Priest, Am. Antiq., pp. 157-159. (He says "As given by
the Antiquarian Society at Cincinnati.") Lengthy account
and figures by Isaac Smucker in Am. Antiq. July, 1881,
Vol. III., pp. 261-267. (Says they were noticed by Isaac
Bibliography of the Earthworks of Ohio. 199
Stoddard in 1800.) Described and figured in Warden's
Researches, pp. 20-21, Pl. 1, 2nd part fig. 1.
Antiquities in the vicinity of Newark. Mounds and em-
bankments. Described in Western Gazetteer, p. 305 (note);
and briefly noticed by Thad. M. Harris, Jour. Tour., p. 156.
Ancient works at Newark. Described and figured by M.
Warden, Dupaux. Antiq. Mex., Vol. II. pt. ii., pp. 20, 21.
Pl. i, pt. 2, fig. 1.
Ancient works near Newark at the junction of South and
Raccoon Forks of Licking River. Described and figured in
small pamphlet (unpaged, 4 leaves), Premiums and Regula-
tions with the names of the Awarding Committees for the
Fifth Annual Fair of the Ohio State Board of Agriculture,
to be held at the city of Newark-Columbus, 1854.
Inscriptions on a "stone column or idol" found, covered
with thick coat of moss, on the farm of Alfred Lamb, in
Brighton, 1838. Description from the "Lorain Republican of
June 7, 1843" in Howe's Hist. Coll. Ohio, pp. 312-313,
Enclosure and ditch on the right bank of Black River in
Sheffield township. Described and figured by Col. Whit-
tlesey, Anc. Mon., p. 39, fig. 4.
Enclosure near the banks of French Creek in Sheffield
township. Described and figured by Col. Whittlesey, Anc.
Mon., p. 39, fig. 5.
MAD RIVER VALLEY.
Antiquities, consisting of mounds, except one enclosure.
Among those mentioned are the mounds at Enon, Haddix
Hill and Kauffman's farm. Also Baldwin and Roberts
mounds on Buck Creek. Of these the Roberts and Baldwin
mounds were thoroughly explored and full descriptions and
figures given by Prof. T. F. Moses, Proc. Cent. Ohio Sci.
Association of Urbana, Ohio, Vol. I., Pt. i, 1878, pp. 30-
49, plates 1-8.
Ancient walls and ditches on the east branch of Rocky
River at Weymouth. Described and figured by Col. Whit-
200 Ohio Archaeological and Historical Quarterly.
tlesey, Tract 5, West. Res. Hist. Soc. 1871, pp. 18, 19, Pl.
7. Also Tract 41, where it is named "Fort Hill" and men-
tioned as near Berea.
Mound half a mile from Sharpsburg, mostly of sand and
gravel. Reported by J. L. Whitney. O. T. Mason in Sm.
Rep. 1880, p. 448.
Mound on Corn Island, near Troy. Opened. Described
and contents noted by George F. Adye in a letter in Cincinnati
Gazette, and quoted in Hist. Mag., Nov. 1869, Vol. VI,
2d Ser., from the Christian Intelligencer.
Earthworks and mounds in Concord and Newton town-
ships. Brief descriptions by E. T. Wiltheiss, Papers Re-
lating to Anthropology, from Sm. Rep. 1884, p. 38.
Embankment of earth and stone on the left bank of the
Great Miami, two miles and a half above the town of Piqua.
Described and figured, Anc. Mon., p. 23, Pl. viii, No. 3.
Noticed also by Drake, View of Cin. Described and
figured by John P. Rogan, Thomas Ms. p. -. Notice by
John P. MacLean, Mound Builders, p. 27.
Below the preceding a group of works (circles, ellipses,
etc.) formerly existed on the site of the present town of
Piqua. Described in Long's " Second Expedition," Vol. 1,
pp. 54-66. Mentioned in Anc. Mon., p. 23.
Mounds and earthworks in Washington and Spring Creek
townships, on the Great Miami and its tributaries. Full
description and diagram by E. T. Wiltheiss, Papers Relat-
ing to Anthropology, from Sm. Rep. 1884, pp. 35-38.
Tablets of burnt clay found on farm of W. Morrow near
Piqua. Reported by C. T. Wiltheis, Sm. Rep. 1879, p. 440.
Graded way at Piqua. Described in Long's Sec. Expd.,
Vol. I., p. 60. Noticed in Anc. Mon., p. 88.
[To be continued.]