Ohio History Journal






May 13, 1910.


The twenty-fifth annual meeting of the Ohio State Archae-

ological and Historical Society was held in the Hunter Society

Room, Page Hall, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, at

2:30 P. M., Friday, May 13, 191O. The following members

were present:


Prof. Martin R. Andrews, Marietta.

Mr. George F. Bareis, Canal Winchester.

Mr. A. J. Baughman, Mansfield.

Mr. T. B. Bowers, Columbus.

Mr. H. E. Buck, Delaware.

Hon. C. S. Dana, Marietta.

Hon. C. H. Gallup, Norwalk.

Hon. John W. Harper, Cincinnati.

Prof. Archer B. Hulbert, Marietta.

Mr. W. E. Kershner, Columbus.

Rev. I. F. King, Columbus.

Rev. N. B. C. Love, Perrysburg.

Prof. C. L. Martzolff, Athens.

Prof. W. C. Mills, Columbus.

Prof. B. F. Prince, Springfield.

Mr. E. O. Randall, Columbus

Mr. J. S. Roof, Ashville.

Hon. D. J. Ryan, Columbus.

Hon. Lewis P. Schaus, Newark.

Dr. H. A. Thompson, Dayton.

Miss Harriet N. Townshend, Columbus.

Mr. Edwin F. Wood, Columbus.

Prof. G. Frederick Wright, Oberlin.

Dr. H. O. Whittaker, New Burlington.

Messages of regret, because of their inability to attend the

meeting, were received from Gen. R. Brinkerhoff, Martin B.

Bushnell, E. R. Monfort, M. D. Follett and J. H. Beal.


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250      Ohio Arch. and Hist. Society Publications.


The meeting was called to order by President G. Frederick

Wright, who without any preliminary remarks, stated the meet-

ing would proceed at once to the order of business, and called

for the reading of the minutes of the last annual meeting.

Secretary Randall stated he would follow the usual custom

in this matter, which was, that the Secretary instead of attempt-

ing to read the entire minutes of the last annual meeting, held

March 9, 1909, which minutes were taken down in detail by the

stenographer and bound in the minutes of the proceedings of the

Society, would offer as the minutes of the meeting, the pub-

lished condensed account appearing in the 18th volume, page

227, of the last Annual of the Society. The complete verbatim

report of the minutes of the last meeting as taken down occupy

some 49 pages of the report, and would require nearly an hour

in reading. The condensed report is in the hands of every mem-

ber of the Society, and contains all that is important occurring

at the meeting. It was moved, seconded and carried, that the

printed report, as suggested by the Secretary, be accepted as the

minutes of the meeting. There being no objection, this was


The Secretary stated further, that it had been his custom

since holding office, to have every thing transpiring not only at

the Annual Meeting, but the meetings of the Executive and

Special committees, reported in full in typewritten form and

bound in the annual volume. There are now sixteen of such

volumes, covering the entire period of Mr. Randall's secretary-


Before reading his annual report, Secretary Randall ex-

plained why there had been so few meetings of the Executive

Committee since the last Annual Meeting. During the months

of the summer and fall of 1909, there was nothing unusual do-

ing-except the acquisition of Spiegel Grove, but what could

be cared for by the Standing Committees and the regular offi-

cers of the Society. There was, therefore, no need of going to

the expense of calling together the Executive Committee. The

appropriations for 1909, which extended to the 15th of February,

1910, were exhausted as to the publication fund and the field

work and museum fund, practically by January 1, 1910. There

Twenty-fifth Annual Meeting

Twenty-fifth Annual Meeting.                 251


was no money to expend after that date, until further appro-

priations were received. The partial appropriation bill is usually

passed early in January, but this year it was not passed until in

April; hence, the Society had no funds until that date, except

such as were left over in the current expense fund. Therefore,

there was no need of an Executive Committee meeting, until it

could be known what the Legislature would do for the Society

and until the amounts appropriated were available.

The Secretary then made his annual report, which is as







Meetings of the Executive Committee were held, since the last

Annual Meeting of the Society, March 2, 1909, as follows:

March 6, 1909. Present: Messrs. Bareis, Harper, Martzolff, Mills,

Randall, Ryan, Wood and Wright. At this meeting the committee ap-

pointed by the Executive Committee on December 2, 1908, made a

visit to Spiegel Grove on February 26th and 27th. At this visit of the

committee, Colonel Hayes tendered a proposed deed of the Spiege.

Grove property to Mr. Randall. The Executive Committee decided to

accept the property, with the conditions going therewith subject to the

acceptance and approval of the Attorney General of Ohio: The salaries

of the officers receiving compensation were made the same as the

previous year.

Standing Committees for the ensuing year were chosen as follows:

Fort Ancient--Messrs. Prince, Harper and Martzolff.

Museum and Library--Messrs. Ryan, Wright and Mills.

Finance Committee--Messrs. Wood, Ryan and Bareis.

Publications -Messrs. Ryan, Randall and Wood.

Serpent Mound- Messrs. Randall, Harper and Gallup.

Big Bottom Park-Messrs. Martzolff, Prince and Bareis.

June 30, 1909. Present: Messrs. Bareis, Baughman, Harper, Gallup,

Mills, Prince, Randall, Ryan, Wood and Wright. At this meeting it

was reported that on March 31st the deed agreed upon for Spiegel

Grove was delivered by Colonel Hayes to Mr. Randall transferring the

property to the Society. On April 6, Prof. Lazenby, at the request of

Secretary Randall, visited Spiegel Grove to plan for the laying out and

planting of trees and labelling of those already grown. Col. Hayes was

appointed superintendent of the Harrison Trail property. A permanent

committee on Spiegel Grove was appointed as follows: Messrs. Gallup,

Ryan, Wood and Randall.

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252        Ohio Arch. and Hist. Society Publications.


November 12, 1909. Present: Messrs. Bareis, Baughman, Harper,

Martzolff, Mills, Prince, Randall, Ryan, Wood and Wright. The mak-

ing of the financial budget for 1910 was left to the Finance Committee

and the Secretary. At this meeting a full statement of what had trans-

pired during the interim since the last annual meeting was made by

the Secretary.

April 21, 1910. Present: Messrs. Bareis, Baughman, Gallup, Harper,

Martzolff, Mills, Prince, Randall, Wood and Wright. The Secretary

explained why there had been no Executive Committee meeting since

November 12, 1909. The budget asked for by the Finance Committee had

been as follows:


Current  Expenses  ..................................... $2,700

Field work, Fort Ancient, etc ......................... 2,500

Publications .......................................... 3,300


Early in January the House Finance Committee gave the Secretary

a hearing on these appropriations. The result of the action of the

Finance Committee of the House was that they allowed the Society the

full amounts asked for in each item. This is the first time in the history

of the Society that it has received all it requested. In addition to these

amounts, the Finance Committee of the House, of its own volition, in-

serted the item of $6,000 for reprinting volumes one to eighteen, in-

clusive, of the Society's publications, for the benefit of the members

of the legislature. This bill passed the House and later the Senate.

At this committee meeting the matter of separate publications, in book

form, of the Zeisberger Manuscripts, was left to the Publication



In January, 1910, the Quarterlies for the year 1909 were published

in book form, making a volume of six hundred pages; the largest and

without doubt the most valuable annual volume yet issued by the So-

ciety. These volumes have been sent rather freely to members of the

Legislature, and at their request to parties who had received the previous

volumes and desired this eighteenth to complete their sets. This is also

true of volumes sixteen and seventeen, particularly seventeen, as the last

series published by the Legislature contained but sixteen volumes, and

there has been a great demand for the last two volumes.

The Quarterlies for January and April, 1910, were published in a

single issue early in April, making a single monograph of some two

hundred pages, consisting exclusively of the Moravian manuscripts, con-

taining Zeisberger's history of the Ohio Indians. This publication, three

thousand copies of which have been put through the press, is undoubtedly

the most valuable publication yet issued by the Society, for it is history

at first hand and for the most part never before made public. This

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Twenty-fifth Annual Meeting.                 253


manuscript, it must be remembered, was in the handwriting of Zeis-

berger in the German language. The translation was made by Prof.

W. N. Schwarze, under a contract between him and the Society. The

publication was edited and annotated by Prof. A. B. Hulbert, also under

a contract with the Society. It is without doubt the most valuable work

the Society has yet done and places our Society in the first rank of

similar societies for the securing and preservation of new and valuable


The question of further publication of Moravian manuscripts, of

which there are many at Bethlehem, is a matter for the further de-

termination of the trustees or executive committee of the Society.




The last chapter of the continued story of the building project is

very brief. After a mutual understanding with the officers of the So-

ciety, the authorities of the Ohio State University in their requests for

new buildings put in the item of $100,000 for a  building the Ohio

State Archaeological and Historical Society. The Finance Committee

of the House of Representatives, however, decided to ignore all requests

for new buildings by any of the state institutions, including universities.

This because of the low ebb of the state finances. That disposed of the

building project. Bills, however, were introduced, both in the House

and the Senate, contemplating the purchase of certain pieces of real

estate on Broad street and Third street, respectively, of the public

square, upon which sites buildings might be erected for the use of the

various departments of state, and in each instance the idea was in con-

templation that whenever or whatever buildings might be erected, pro-

vision would probably be made in one of them for the housing of the

quarters of this Society. But none of these bills ever went further than

to be introduced and discussed. The building project is, therefore, as

completely in the air as in the past.




Since the Annual Meeting (March 2, 1909), the following have been

admitted to Life Membership by the Executive Committee:

Hon. C. H. Gallup, Norwalk.

Mrs. Alice E. Peters, Columbus.

Clarence Pearce, New Petersburg.

Mary Louise Cresap Stevenson, Dresden.

Eugene E. Williams, Lucas.

Hon. Nicholas Longworth, Cincinnati.

Hon. Edward A. Hafner, Cincinnati.

F. F. McArthur, Morrison, Ill.

254 Ohio Arch

254        Ohio Arch. and Hist. Society Publications.


Prof. Isaac J. Cox, Cincinnati.

Walter D. McKinney, Columbus.

Gen. Henry B. Carrington, Hyde Park, Mass.





Since the last Annual Meeting, the Secretary has made journeys as

representative of the Society as follows:

March 29 and 30. Bethlehem, Pa., in company with Prof. A. B. Hulbert,

concerning Moravian manuscripts.

April 7. Marietta, banquet celebrating Ohio Day.

April 16. Visited Fort Ancient, with Prof. Prince.

June 2. In company with Governor Harmon and President Wright,

visited Union Village, as the guests of the Society of Shakers.

June 15. Went to Spiegel Grove, accompanied by Prof. W. R. Lazenby,

President Wright and guests of Col. Hayes.

June 16. As the guest of Col. Hayes, visited site of Old Fort Sandusky.

July 8. In company with President Wright and Trustees Gallup, Bareis

and Prince, visited Spiegel Grove.

July 15. Trustees Prince and Baughman represented the Society at the

Centennial of the city of Norwalk.

July 16. Secretary visited and inspected Fort Ancient.

July 28. Cleveland in conference with the officers of the Western Re-

serve Historical Society.

August 6 and 7. Trip to Uniontown and site of Old Fort Necessity.

August 23. In company with Treasurer Wood, visited Spiegel Grove, to

confer concerning the improvements on Harrison Trail.

September 3. Meeting in Cincinnati of the Executive Committee of the

Ohio Valley Historical Association.

September 23. Visited Spiegel Grove, with President Wright, at the

dedication of the Harrison Trail.

October 7 and 8. Point Pleasant, W. Va., representing the Society at

the dedication of the monument in commemoration of the battle.

October 14 and 16. President Wright represented the Society at the an-

nual meeting of the Ohio Valley Historical Association, held at

Frankfort, Ky.

November 4 and 5. Trustee Harper and Secretary Randall inspected

Serpent Mound.

January 20. Meeting at Cincinnati of the Executive Committee of the

Ohio Valley Historical Association.

April 9. Inspected Fort Ancient with Prof. Mills, Governor Harmon and

party of Ohio State military officials.

Twenty-fifth Annual Meeting

Twenty-fifth Annual Meeting.                 255




On March 31, 1909, Colonel Webb C. Hayes, while in Columbus,

delivered the deed of the Harrison Trail section of Spiegel Grove to

Secretary Randall. It was submitted to Attorney General U. G. Den-

man and approved by him. It was then returned to the Secretary and

by him sent to Fremont to be recorded by the County Recorder. It was

recorded April 5, 1909, returned to Secretary Randall and by him de-

livered to Mr. Fullington, Auditor of State, on July 13th.

The various visits of the committees to Spiegel Grove were enu-

merated in the itinerary of the Secretary. On August 13, 1909, two large

cannon, secured by Colonel Hayes from the War Department at Wash-

ington, D. C., were received by him at Fremont and subsequently placed

in position at the entrance of the Harrison Trail. This was done partially

at the expense of the Society and partially at the expense of Colonel

Hayes. On September 23, 1909, the dedication of the Harrison Trail

was celebrated as mentioned elsewhere in this report.

Colonel Hayes, in the meantime, has expended $1,000 for trees

and plants in beautifying the grounds, and he proposes to expend more.

He has also secured more cannon to be put in position at the termination

of the trail opposite the entrance on Buckland Avenue.

As a result of the visits made by Prof. Lazenby a diagram of the

grounds was made, marking the position of the various historic trees

and those which were to be labelled. Prof. Lazenby later secured the

labels and they were recently forwarded to Col. Hayes and by this

time have doubtless been placed upon the trees. It is Colonel Hayes'

desire and proposition that if the Society will provide the funds, for

the erection of a fireproof building near the residence, he will donate

the library of his late father, and also the valuable collection of relics,

to the Society, to be placed in said building. This building, he esti-

mates, can be built for some twenty thousand dollars.

This is by far the most valuable acquisition the Society has received

and has brought the Society into greater prominence throughout the

state. It is hoped that some means may be devised whereby the funds

can be raised for the erection of the desired building.




Some two years ago, by resolution of the Legislature, it was de-

cided that the State of Ohio celebrate Perry's Victory on September 13,

1913; that it invite other states and the United States to participate.

With that view, a commission was appointed by Governor Harris, con-

sisting of five members, which number was increased to nine by further

legislative resolution, by Governor Harmon. That committee now con-

sists of William H. Reinhart, President, Sandusky; George H. Worth-

ington, Vice President, Cleveland; Webster P. Huntington, Secretary,

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256        Ohio Arch. and Hist. Society Publications.


Columbus; S. N. Johannsen, Treasurer, Put-in-Bay; John J. Man-

ning, Toledo; Eli Winkler, Cincinnati; Webb C. Hayes, Fremont;

Horace Holbrook, Warren; and Wm. C. Mooney, Woodsfield.

Some time last fall, at a meeting of this commission, they decided

to extend the proposal of their scheme and appoint, as an auxiliary

committee, representatives from the various colleges in Ohio and the

various historical societies. As the result of that action, the commission

selected President Wright of our Society, Mr. Gallup of the Firelands

Society, Prof. Cox of the Ohio Valley Historical Association, Mr. Hol-

lenbeck of the Maumee Valley Historical Society, Mr. Cathcart of the

Western Reserve Historical Society and possibly some others. This is

to be known as the Auxiliary Historical Committee. The Legislature

just adjourning, appropriated $30,000 for the use of this commission,

$25,000 of it to be expended for a permanent monument and $5,000 for

the current expenses of the commission. It is proposed that a similar

amount will be appropriated in 1911 and also in 1912, making $90,000 in

all. Seven other states have been invited to participate and to make

appropriations as they desire. The United States government is ex-

pected to appropriate $250,000. It is thought that the combined appro-

priations of the various states and the national government will reach

at least a half million dollars.

In conclusion Secretary Randall stated the members of the Society

should acknowledge the interest the members of the General Assembly

had taken in the progress of the Society; Mr. H. J. Ritter, Chairman

of the House Finance Committee, and Mr. Thorne Baker, Chairman

of the Senate Finance Committee, were deserving of special recognition

for their friendly consideration. Governor Harmon should also come

in for his full share.  No governor has taken greater interest in or

given more attention to the Society. His zealous loyalty to the purpose

and work of the Society is one of its most valuable assets.



1910, FROM FEBRUARY 1, 1909.



Balance on hand February 1st, 1909 ......... ................                                                                               $1,730 81

Life Membership Dues......................................                                                                                              175 00

Active  M embership  Dues ...................................                                                                                            99                                                        00

Refunded by Stark County Centennial Committee ...........                                                                          6 40

Athletic  Association, O.  S.  U ...............................                                                                                         12                                                        00

Ohio Valley Historical Association.........................                                                                                      30 00

Stone       for       Improving  Highways .............................                                                                             3          40

B ooks     Sold   ...............................................                                                                                                 118                                                          99

Interest    ................. ................. .................                                                                                                       440                                                          81

Twenty-fifth Annual Meeting

Twenty-fifth Annual Meeting.                    257


From State Treasurer:

Appropriation for Current Expenses ...................                             3,327 19

Appropriation for Publications ........................                                3,384 40

Appropriation for Field Work, Fort Ancient and Ser-

pent  M ound  ................. ....................                                    2,375  30


Total receipts ...................................                                      $11,703 30



Refunded to State Treasurer ...............................                                          $34 99

Big Bottom Park ........................................                                                 13 90

Express, Freight and Drayage .............................                                          220 03

Expenses of Trustees and Committees .....................                                    444 35

Field  W ork  ...............................................                                                337  41

Fort Ancient - Care and Improvements ....................                                   706 15

Job  Printing    ..............................................                                               27   25

M useum   and Library .......................................                                          817 68

Publications     ........................................ ......                                            3,281 86

Postage    ...................................................                                                  106 53

Salaries     (3)  ..............................................                                             2,749 98

Serpent Mound- Care and Improvements ..................                                   330 00

Spiegel Grove Park ......................................                                                252 29

Sundry expenses ..........................................                                                 73 86

Transferred to Permanent Fund ............................                                       810 00

Balance  on     hand,  May  1st,  1910 ...........................                            1,497 02


Total      ......................................... ......                                           $11,703 30

The Permanent Fund now amounts to the sum of $6,935.00.

Respectfully submitted,




During the year the Library has made great progress, and many

volumes have been added. The growth has been a steady one, similar

to the year previous.   The accession book now     shows 4,035 bound

volumes entered. Last year our records showed 3,564, making a net

addition of 461 bound volumes, while last year we received 460 bound

volumes.   All of the books have been received through gift or in

exchange for our own publications.

The Museum has not made the additions during the past year

equal to former years. This was due perhaps to the fact, that the So-

ciety did not send a working force into the field, but instead, the time

Vol. XIX.- 17.

258 Ohio Arch

258        Ohio Arch. and Hist. Society Publications.


was used in making the Archaeological Atlas started by the Society

last year.

Practically the entire summer was spent by the Curator in the

northern part of the State; and practically the entire northern half of

the State has been carefully gone over, and the mounds, earthworks,

etc., have been marked upon the map.

At the present time the counties with the preliminary work en-

tirely complete, are as follows: Franklin, Logan, Allen, Darke, Preble,

Montgomery, Hamilton, Hancock, Henry, Wood, Ottawa, Sandusky,

Seneca, Erie, Lorain, Medina, Cuyahoga, Summit, Lake, Geauga, Portage,

Ashtabula, Trumbull, Jefferson, Belmont, Monroe, Jackson, Knox, and

Fayette counties and the preliminary work in Huron, Ashland, Wayne,

Stark, Mahoning, Columbiana, Carroll, Tuscarawas, Holmes, Richland,

Crawford, Wyandot, Hardin, Marion, Morrow, Lucas, Fulton, Williams,

Defiance, Paulding, Van Wert, Mercer, Auglaize, Shelby, Miami, Cham-

paign, Clarke, Greene, Butler, Warren, Clinton, Clermont and Brown

will be completed by the middle of June.

We started in to make our own maps, but when we found that

the Road Commissioner was having an Atlas made, similar to our own

ideas, we decided the size and character of the road map would be of

service to us by merely making the addition of mounds and earthworks.

Insofar as Mr. Wonders, the Road Commissioner, is concerned, the

Society is at liberty to use the maps to be printed for the commission by

the state.

Mr. Wilbur Stout, Sciotoville, Ohio, has added two collections

with a total of 176 specimens to his collection from Scioto County.

Mr. Stout's collection is now rich in a fine series of primitive

agricultural implements made of Ferruginous Sandstone.   The outcrop

of this stone occurs along the Ohio River and can be seen only dur-

ing low water in late summer. The stone occurs in a thin layer seldom

over one-half inch in thickness, and was no doubt removed in small slabs

and when broken into the desired size and one end sharpened by grind-

ing, served as a very good agricultural implement.

Mr. Z. T. Smith of Upper Sandusky presented several early settler's

carpenter tools and modern Indian implements from Wyandotte County

as follows: one large Swiss chisel, used in making mortises prior to

the invention of the augur.  The chisel was attached to a handle set

at right angles to blade which is over 20 inches in length. One iron

scraper used by the Indians in shaping the interior of sugar troughs.

Three specimens of iron axes used by the Wyandot Indians at Old Crane-

town and Upper Sandusky.     The axes are of different types, sold to

the Indians from   1795 to 1810.  Three specimens of large hunting

knives. The blades are about 5 inches in length, encased in a curved

handle. Twenty specimens of silver buckles, all found in the vicinity of

Twenty-fifth Annual Meeting

Twenty-fifth Annual Meeting.                 259


Upper Sandusky. The buckles are plain and circular, rounded on the

face and flat on the back.

Mr. Smith also contributed two printed addresses and a Union

State Ticket with the name of John Brough for Governor. One of the

addresses was delivered in the Chapel of Ohio University, Athens,

Ohio, on Christmas day, 1839, by E. Ballantine, A. M., and the other

by Rev. Elijah Parish, A. M., Williamstown, Vermont, February

26th, 1806.

Mr. Emil Schlup of Upper Sandusky presented a hoe and a bail of

a large kettle, both taken from the site of Old Cranetown, a Wyandot


Mrs. Alice E. Hawk of 157 St. Clair Avenue, Columbus, Ohio,

presents the Society with a number of spears, canes and natural history

specimens from Africa, also minerals, etc., from the United States.

Miss Harriet N. Townshend presents to the Museum a collection

of shell beads from a big mound at one time located at Mound and

Broadway, St. Louis, Missouri, and removed in 1869.

Mr. George Schwartz of Wooster presented two fine ceremonial

pieces found in Wayne County, many years ago.

Governor Harmon presented to the Museum four arrow points sent

to him by W. T. Hambridge of Eaton, Ohio.

Hon. Carl H. Keller, State Senator, Toledo, Ohio, presented to

the Society a small collection consisting of a cannon ball and bayonet

found on the site of the battle of Fallen Timbers.

Mr. Warren Cowen, custodian of Fort Ancient, presented the

Museum with a number of celts, arrow and spear points found on the

surface in various parts of the Fort.

Mr. King Thompson of East Woodruff Avenue, Columbus, pre-

sented the finds from a pre-historic grave, located on the Webster Park

Addition, to the City of Columbus. From the grave was taken an un-

usually fine piece of pottery, which, by accident, was broken in many

pieces, but we were very fortunate in being able to restore the specimen.

Dr. W. B. Rosamond of Milnersville, Guernsey County, Ohio, pre-

sented his entire collection of specimens to the Museum. The collec-

tion consists of Archaeological specimens collected in Guernsey County,

Ohio, by Dr. Rosamond during the many years of his residence in Mil-

nersville. The collection is rich in specimens of hematite, grooved axes

and pestles, however many specimens of celts, drills, scrapers, knives,

hammer-stones, hammers, spear and arrow points, pipes, banner stones

and gorgets, fully illustrating the Archaeology of the County, are found

in the collection.

Dr. Rosamond was also a collector of pioneer relics in Guernsey

County, and he kindly sent the following specimens. Candle molds given

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260        Ohio Arch. and Hist. Society Publications.


to Dr. Rosamond by Mr. George Willis, Guernsey County, who brought

them to Ohio in 1816. An iron griddle brought from   near Trenton,

New Jersey, by Joshua Kimball to Burgettstown, Pennsylvania, from

which place Adam Kimball brought them to Guernsey County, Ohio, in

1808. An oil lamp brought to Ohio from Pennsylvania, in 1812, by Ben-

jamin Combs. A cow bell, owned by Isaac Couts' father, and was in

use when Guernsey County was first settled. A fork made near Trenton,

New Jersey, in 1798, and brought to Ohio by Adam Kimball in 1808.

The exchanges with Historical Societies and Scientific Institutions

have not diminished but, on the other hand, have increased, and we have

arranged during the year for exchanges with the following Institutions:

The American Monthly Magazine, Alabama Anthropological Society,

Cambridge Historical Society, Charleston Museum, Chicago Academy of

Science, Connecticut State Library, Historical Society of Delaware,

Indiana State Library, Michigan Academy of Science, National American

Society and the Virginia State Library.

The Curator found that it was impossible to keep pace with the

growth of our Library and Museum with the limited help at his com-

mand, and this matter was brought before the Executive Committee and

additional help was granted the Curator, and Mrs. Gertrude Wright was

installed to look after the exchanges and the Library. This is a great

step in advance, as we were never able to keep the exchange records in

any complete systematic and accessible manner.

Our accumulation of reprints and pamphlets containing addresses

and reports is so rapid that it is necessary to put them in shape for

reference and to that end we have been binding these pamphlets and

arranging them so they can be readily found. We propose to properly

catalogue them and in that way make them of service to the Library.

My plans for the coming year are first, to push forward as rapidly

as possible the work on the Archaeological Atlas, and then to carry on

some additional field work if the proper mounds can be secured. The

Society is familiar with the Hopewell group and I have explained the

necessity of again making a complete examination of this great earth-

work.  At the present time, I am unable to say whether or not the per-

mission will be granted for this work, but we hope it will.

During the winter the Society sent me to Philadelphia as a repre-

sentative to the Museums Association of America, and to Boston to the

American Association for the Advancement of Science. The meeting

of the Museums Association in Philadelphia was of special interest to

museums and museum workers. Section H of the American Associa-

tion for the Advancement of Science was of special interest to workers

in Anthropology and Archaeology, as papers and lectures upon almost

every phase were given and they proved of wonderful value.

Twenty-fifth Annual Meeting

Twenty-fifth Annual Meeting.              261


Professor Putnam of Harvard University gave me a special in-

vitation to visit the Museum, and arrangements with him were made to

secure a duplicate collection from the great Madisonville Cemetery, for

our Society.

Respectfully submitted,



The secretary reported that the terms of Trustees Myron T.

Herrick and Martin R. Andrews terminated on the 9th of last

February (191O), but that Governor Harmon promptly reap-

pointed each to be his own successor for the coming term of

three years, maturing February, 1913.

Upon motion, President Wright appointed a nominating

committee of three, Messrs. Wood, Prince and Andrews, to sug-

gest to the meeting of the Society candidates for the Trusteeship

to fill the places of those maturing at this meeting. Those Trus-

tees were, Messrs. Baughman, Beal, Brinkerhoff, Ryan and

Thompson. The committee retired and later reported the names

for Trustees as follows: Messrs. Baughman, Brinkerhoff, Ryan,

Thompson and Schaus. The report of the committee was ac-

cepted and these five gentlemen were formally elected for the

offices named. The nominating committee also reported that as

Rev. W. H. Rice, formerly of Gnadenhutten, Ohio, had re-

moved from the state to South Bethlehem, Pa., he had thereby

vacated his office of Trustee, which encumbency would regularly

terminate at the Annual Meeting in 1911. The committee there-

fore proposed Mr. H. E. Buck, of Delaware, for the Trustee-

ship, vice W. H. Rice. Upon proper motion and vote, Mr. Buck

was elected to the vacancy. In the departure from Ohio of Dr.

Rice, the Society loses the close-at-hand activity of one of its

most enthusiastic and valuable members and officers.

The Board of Trustees of the Society as now constituted is

as follows:


R.     E.                                                                           H ills................................       Delaware

C. L.                                                                       Martzolff............................           Athens

G. Frederick  W right ......................                      Oberlin

Albert Douglas .      ................. Chillicothe

H.  E.  Buck ................... ...........  Delaware

262 Ohio Arch

262        Ohio Arch. and Hist. Society Publications.



Mr. G. F. Bareis..........................                             Canal Winchester

Gen. J. W arren  Keifer....................                       Springfield

Mr. E. F. Wood ........................ Columbus

M r.  C.  H.  Gallup  ..........................  Norwalk

Mr. Walter C. Metz ...................... Newark



Mr. A. J. Baughman......................                           Mansfield

Gen.    R.   Brinkerhoff......................                      Mansfield

Hon.   D.   J.Ryan ..........................                         Columbus

Rev. H. A. Thompson .....................                       Dayton

Hon.  L. P.  Schaus.........................                         Columbus




Prof.  B.  F.  Prince,     Springfield ......................... 1911

Mr. E. 0. Randall,         Columbus ............................   1911

Rev. N. B. C. Love, Perrysburg ........................ 1912

Hon. J. W . Harper, Cincinnati ..........................  1912

Hon. Myron T. Herrick, Cleveland .................... 1913

Prof. M. R. Andrews,  M arietta..........................  1913




The reports of Standing Committees being called for, Presi-

dent Wright responded briefly on behalf of the Committee on

Museum and Library. Prof. Prince replied for the Committee

on Fort Ancient, stating he had made several trips to the Fort

during the past year, twice in company with Secretary Randall,

and that the Fort was in excellent condition, indeed better than

ever, and that Mr. Cowen was fulfilling his duties as faithfully as

ever.  Prof. Martzolff reported his several visits to Big Bottom

Park and that the property is being well cared for by the cus-

todian, and stated that after his last suggestions were carried

out by the custodian, he (Martzolff) believed he had no recom-

mendations to make as to improvements.         Mr. Ryan, for the

Publication Committee, stated that that subject had been prac-

tically covered by the report of the Secretary and that the pub-

lications themselves would suffice as a report of the work of the

committee.   Secretary Randall reported on behalf of the Com-

Twenty-fifth Annual Meeting

Twenty-fifth Annual Meeting.           263

mittee on Serpent Mound to the effect that last November he,

in company with Senator Harper, visited the mound and spent

the day there; that they found the property in excellent shape,

under the care of Daniel Wallace, but found that the wire fence

protecting the edge of the bluff at the head of the serpent in bad

condition, also the roof of the kitchen and portico of the cus-

todian's house, which defects were ordered repaired; several

rooms were also ordered re-papered and some trees obstructing

the view of the Serpent from the Observation Tower were or-

dered cut down. These improvements have been made and paid

for, and the tower has recently been ordered repainted. The

Finance Committee report being called for it was suggested that

that had been covered in the report of the Treasurer. Prof.

Mills supplemented the report of the Fort Ancient Committee

by telling of the trip of himself and Secretary Randall to Fort

Ancient to act as hosts to the visit of Governor Harmon and

his staff, as Mr. Randall stated, consisting of two generals, four

colonels and six captains. Prof. Mills particularly complimented

the care of the Fort by Warren Cowen and the work recently

done there; he had never seen the Fort in such excellent con-



Rev. Thompson spoke feelingly concerning the absence of

General Brinkerhoff, who, Mr. Baughman reported, would be

82 years of age on June 17th, and who was still active in busi-

ness and alert in the subjects that interested him. Secretary was

requested by the meeting to write General Brinkerhoff a letter

expressing the regret that he was not present and wishing him

long life and happiness. This suggestion was put into the form

of a motion and carried. The members of the meeting expressed

their friendship for General Brinkerhoff in the above sugges-

tions by a rising vote.

Senator Harper stated he wished to make his favorite re-

quest, that the Society hold a meeting in Cincinnati, where we

have over twenty life members. Prof. Hulbert, at this point,

called attention to the fact heretofore overlooked that this year

(191O) is the 25th anniversary of the establishment of the

264 Ohio Arch

264      Ohio Arch. and Hist. Society Publications.


Society, and he thought it would be a fitting thing if this Cin-

cinnati meeting could take on the nature of a 25th celebration,

with a dinner, formal speeches and the presence of some dis-

tinguished invited guests. This suggestion was heartily endorsed

by a few remarks by Mr. Ryan. The matter was finally disposed

of by authorizing President Wright to appoint at his convenience

a committee of five to formulate a plan for such Cincinnati

meeting and report the same to the Executive Committee.




Immediately after the adjournment of the Annual Meeting

of the Society there was held the Annual Meeting of the Board

of Trustees. Those present were, Messrs. Andrews, Bareis,

Baughman, Buck, Gallup, Harper, Love, Martzolff, Prince, Ran-

dall, Ryan, Schaus, Thompson, Wood, Wright and Mills.

Prof. Prince acted as chairman of the meeting and Mr. Ran-

dall as secretary.

In accordance with the provisions of the Constitution that

the Trustees elect the officers of the Society, the following were

elected for the ensuing year:


President, G. Frederick Wright.

First Vice President, George F. Bareis.

Second Vice President, Daniel J. Ryan.

Secretary and Editor, E. O. Randall.

Treasurer, E. F. Wood.

Curator and Librarian, W. C. Mills.

As members of the Executive Committee for the ensuing

year, in addition to the officers already chosen who are ex of-

ficio members, there were selected, Messrs. Gallup, Harper,

Martzolff, Prince and Schaus.

The Executive Committee therefore, as newly constituted,

is as follows: Messrs. Bareis, Gallup, Harper, Martzolff, Mills,

Prince, Randall, Ryan, Schaus, Wood and Wright. General R.

Brinkerhoff, President Emeritus, by courtesy of his office, is en-

titled to attendance upon the meetings of the Executive Commit-