MEETING OF THE AMERICAN HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION.
In the historic and picturesque city of New Orleans, on the days
of Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday, December 29, 30, and 31, 1903,
was held the nineteenth annual meeting of the American Historical
Association. It proved to be an event of unusual interest and enjoyment.
The American Historical Association was organized at Saratoga,
New York, September 10, 1884, and now numbers some twenty-five
hundred members, comprising the leading historical students, professors,
and writers in the United States and Canada.
The city chosen for the gathering and the nature of the meet-
ing, it being the 100th anniversary of the Louisiana Purchase, gave a
two-fold attractiveness to the members of the Association, to say noth-
inf of the unusual list of distinguished speakers selected for the program.
In the absence of the Hon. Charles Lea, the President of the Asso-
ciation, the Hon. William Wirt Howe, President of the American Bar
Association, presided and delivered an address upon "The Civil and the
Common Law in the Louisiana Purchase."
The first session of the meeting was held in the council chamber
of the famous Cabildo, or municipal building, itself an object of great
historic interest, it having been erected more than one hundred years
ago, during the days of the Spanish dominion, and in the council chamber
of which took place, as related elsewhere in this Quarterly, the transfer
of the Louisiana province, first, from Spain to France, and then from
France to America in November, 1803. At the opening gathering the
Association was welcomed to Louisiana and the city of New Orleans
in a graceful speech by Professor Alcee Fortier, professor in the Tulane
University and President of the Louisiana Historical Society. The various
formal sessions of the Association were subsequently held in the lecture
rooms of the buildings of the Tulane University. Papers were read as
follows: "New Orleans and the Burr Conspiracy," by Dr. Walter F.
McCaleb; "The Story of Lewis and Clark's Journals," by Dr. Reuben
G. Thwaites; "Louisiana in the Spanish Archives," by Dr. W. R. Shep-
herd; "Ethical Values in History," by Dr. Henry C. Lea, read in the
absence of the author by Prof. Haskins; "Louis XVI, Machault and
288 Ohio Arch. and Hist. Society Publications.
Maurepas," by Prof. F. M. Fling; "Sermons as sources of Mediaeval
History," by Prof. C. H. Haskins; "What and When was the Re-
naissance," by Prof. J. H. Robinson; "Timonides of Leukas," by Prof.
H. A. Sill; "Relations of Spain, England and France to the Missis-
sippi Valley, 1789-1800," by Prof. F. J. Turner; "Latest Phases of the
West Florida Controversy," by Prof. A. B. Hart; "Texas Annexation,"
by Prof. G. P. Garrison; "The Treaty of Guadeloupe-Hidalgo," by Dr.
Jesse S. Reeves; "Some Unpublished Papers of Baron von Closen of
Rochambeau's Staff," by Dr. C. W. Bowen; "The Compromises of the
Constitution," by Prof. Max Farrand; "The Constitutional Convention
of 1864 in Louisiana," by Prof. J. R. Ficklen; "British West Florida, 1763-
1781," by Hon. P. J. Hamilton; "Popular Sovereignty and the Develop-
ment of the West," by Prof. Allen Johnson.
The American Economic Association also held its annual meet-
ing in New Orleans during the same dates, and two of the sessions
consisted of joint meetings of the two Associations. In the latter of
these joint meetings "The Relation of Sociology to History and Eco-
nomics" was the topic for discussion, in which leading members of both
Associations took part.
The intervals during the regular meetings were delightfully oc-
cupied by visits to the points of memorable interest in and about the
time-honored Spanish-French-American City-the series of pleasurable
events of the meeting closing with an excursion down the river to one
of the typical sugar plantations of Louisiana; the party stopping en route
and landing at the site of the famous battlefield where Andrew Jackson
with the American forces met and defeated the attacking British under
General Packenham on the 8th of January, 1815. The party gathered
about the base of the partially completed monument erected in com-
memoration of the battle, upon the spot where "Old Hickory" held
his headquarters. Upon the mound at the base of the column Professor
J. B. McMaster, the popular American historian, delivered a short
address descriptive of the battle, followed by most felicitous remarks
of Professor Alcee Fortier concerning the part which the Creoles took
in that conflict. It was an incident long to remembered-the concourse
of interested historical students and scholars standing upon the memor-
able soil, and listening to the recital of the event so calculated to arouse
the pride and patriotism of every American, as the story was told in
the genial and vivid language of the distinguished speakers.
The good people of New Orleans extended most hospitable southern
courtesy to the visitors; the pleasure of the sojourn being enhanced by
receptions at the rooms of the Round Table Club, the Athletic Club, and
the Boston Club, and private residences; the weather was delightful, and
every feature of the meeting was fraught with enjoyment and profit.
The officers of the American Historical Association elected for the
ensuing year (1904) were: President, Goldwin Smith, Esq., Toronto, Can-
ada: First Vice-President, Professor John Bach McMaster, Philadelphia;
Second Vice-president, Judge Simeon Eben Baldwin, New Haven, Con-
necticut; Secretary, A. Howard Clark, Esq., Smithsonian Institute,
Washington; Corresponding Secretary, Professor Charles H. Haskins, 15
Prescott Hall, Cambridge, Massachusetts; Treasurer, Clarence Winthrop
Bowen, Esq., 130 Fulton St., New York. Chicago was chosen as the next
place of meeting, December, 1904.
The Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society was repre-
sented at the American Historical Association meeting by Secretary
E. O. Randall, who was elected a member of the Association in the year
1894. Prof. A. B. Hart, of Harvard University, and Mr. Randall de-
livered addresses before the students of Leland University, one of the
leading colored colleges of Louisiana, located at New Orleans.
AFFAIRS OF THE OHIO STATE ARCHAEOLOGICAL
On February 29, 1904, in the Columbus Public Library, there was
held a meeting of the executive committee. The members present were,
George F. Bareis, Canal Winchester; G. Frederick Wright, Oberlin;
John W. Harper, Cincinnati; B. F. Prince, Springfield; D. J. Ryan,
E. O. Randall and E. F. Wood, Columbus. The meeting was mainly
occupied with consideration of the requests which the Society had made
to the legislature for appropriations for the continuation of the work of
the Society. The propriety of asking the legislature for an appropria-
tion for a building to be located upon the university grounds was also
considered, and after a careful discussion and survey of the situation it
was decided that it would not be wise, at this time, to press this mat-
ter before the members of the legislature, but defer it until a later
and more promising date. It was decided to hold the annual meeting
of the Society in latter part of May or the early part of June, and
to have at that time, if possible, an excursion to Fort Ancient. After
the disposal of the usual routine business brought before the committee,
adjournment was made to the office of the Governor, where the members
of the committee were presented to him. The Governor received the
trustees most cordially and spoke of the interest he took in the work
they were doing in behalf of the Society and the history and archaeology
of the state; he particularly complimented the character of the publi-
cations which the Society was issuing, and stated it would be his
pleasure to co-operate in the furtherance of the purposes of the Society
so far as might lie in his power. He particularly desired to visit Fort
Ancient and Serpent Mound and inspect the interesting and famous
property of which the Society is the custodian.
19 Vol. XIII.
290 Ohio Arch. and Hist. Society Publications.
THE Library of The Boston Athenaeum, Boston, Massachusetts,
was made a life member of the society, to date from January 1, 1904;
and Miss Lucy Elliott Keeler, Fremont, Ohio; Mr. B. F. Smith,
Nevada, Ohio; Mr. Louis P. Schaus, Newark, Ohio; Mr. Walter
C. Metz, Newark, Ohio, and Major Harry P. Ward, Columbus, Ohio,
were made life members, dating from March, 1904.
ON MARCH 25, Governor Herrick appointed Mr. M. S. Greenough,
of Cleveland, Ohio, trustee of the State Archaeological and Historical
Society, to serve for three years, until February, 1907--to succeed
Hon. R. E. Hills, of Delaware; and he also appointed as trustee for
the same time, Professor Martin R. Andrews, of Marietta, Ohio, to
succeed himself, he having been appointed by Governor Nash on No-
vember 17, 1903, to fill out the vacancy caused by the death of General
George B. Wright, Columbus.
Mr. M. S. Greenough, the new trustee, is a resident of Cleveland,
Ohio. He was born in August, 1848, at Cambridge, Massachusetts, and
resided in Boston until some forty years of
age. His educational advantages were the
very best. He graduated at the Boston Pub-
lic Latin School and later from Harvard Uni-
versity., in the class of 1868. He entered
the service of the Boston Gas Light Com-
pany, remaining with the same until the year
1892, having meanwhile become engineer of
the company. He was prominently identified
with the public affairs of the city, being
councilman and alderman of Boston from 1879
to 1885. For two years he was president of
the New England Association of Gas Engi-
neers and in 1887 was elected president of
the American Gas Light Association. In
1892 he moved to Cleveland, Ohio, and became manager of the Cleveland
Gas Light and Coke Company, of which he was made president in the
year 1894, and is still retaining that position.
Mr. Greenough has taken a very active part in the literary and his-
torical interests of Cleveland. He has been president of the Harvard Club
of that city, of the Archaeological Society, and of the Cleveland Chamber
of Commerce. He is a member of five of the leading American technical
societies, as well as one English and one French scientific society.
Mr. Greenough has been a great traveler, having made trips to
Europe upon nine different occasions. He is a member of the Union
Club, the University Club, and the Country Club, of Cleveland, and a
vestryman in Trinity church of that city. He enters upon his duties as
trustee of the Ohio State Archaeological Society with much enthusiasm
and without doubt will be a most valuable counsellor and participant in the
purposes and work of the Society.
THE Society received, through the courtesy of Mr. George T. Craw-
ford, of Columbus, a box of relics, presumably hand clay articles by a
prehistoric race, found upon the property of The Tuxtepec Development
Company, situated in the municipality of Chiltepec, state of Oaxaca,
Mexico. The relics comprise some beautiful and perfectly preserved
specimens of pottery and a hardened clay seal upon which are hieroglyphic
figures. These articles are doubtless the productions of the early Mexican
race and are interesting studies in comparison with relics of a similar
character found in mounds of Ohio.
THE citizens of New Philadelphia, Tuscarawas county, propose to
celebrate in September, 1904, the founding of their town in 1804 by Mr.
John Knisely. This purpose meets the approval of the trustees of the
State Archaeological and Historical Society which is invited to partici-
pate in the ceremonies of the celebration.
SINCE the issuing of the January Quarterly the State Archaeo-
logical and Historical Society has met with severe losses by death, in
the decease of Governor Charles Foster, who died at the residence of
General J. Warren Keifer, in Springfield, on January 9, Governor Fos-
ter then being enroute to Columbus to attend the inauguration of Gov-
ernor Herrick; Governor Asa S. Bushnell, who died at Grant Hospital,
Columbus, on January 15, he being stricken with apoplexy on the day
of the inauguration while in a carriage on the way to the depot to take
his departure for home; and Senator Marcus A. Hanna, who died at the
Arlington Hotel, Washington, D. C., on February 15. All three of these
distinguished gentlemen were life members of the Society and took an
active and personal interest in its progress and welfare. A fitting sketch
of Governor Bushnell, by his friend Rev. Julius Atwood, appears else-
where in this Quarterly. Tributes to the life and memory of Governor
Foster and Senator Hanna will appear in the July Quarterly. Another
life member of the Society, Mr. Augustus Newton Whiting, died at his
home in Columbus, December 22, 1903. An extended notice of his life
and character will appear in a later number of this Quarterly.
292 Ohio Arch. and Hist. Society Publications.
IN ACCORDANCE with the resolutions passed by the audience at the
Centennial celebration at Chillicothe, on May 21, asking Governor Nash
to request in his next annual message to the legislature an appropriation
for the erection of a monument to Governor Saint Clair, the Governor,
in his address to the Seventy-sixth General Assembly, which met on the
first Monday of last January, made such a request, in fitting terms;
but the legislature, in view of the great demand made upon it for ap-
propriations in what it regarded more important directions, failed to
comply with Governor Nash's recommendation.
THE Society acknowledges the gift to it from Mr. B. F. Smith, of
Nevada, Ohio, of an unique cane made out of native and historic woods
from every state and territory of the Union and the far off islands of
the sea. This, with the donations from Oaxaca, Mexico, have been
properly placed in the museum of the Society.
ON JUNE 2, next, the Richland County Historical Society will hold
its sixth annual meeting at Mansfield, for which occasion Mr. A. J.
Baughman, the secretary, has arranged an interesting program of speeches
and music. The Crawford County Pioneer Association will participate
in the event.
History of Lieutenant-Colonel George Rogers Clark's Conquest of
the Illinois and of the Wabash Towns from the British in 1778 and
1779, with Sketches of the Earlier and Later Career of the Conquerer, by
CONSUL WILLSHIRE BUTTERFIELD, author of the "History of the Discov-
ery of the Northwest by John Nicolet, in 1634"; "History of the Girtys";
"History of Brule's Discoveries and Explorations, 1610-1626"; and other
This volume, comprising nearly 850 pages, is the last and most
authentic account of the famous conquest of the Illinois by George Rogers
Clark. It was the last work from the pen of Consul Willshire Butterfield,
who was one of the most profound scholars on the subjects of Western
history of the present generation. He spent the best part of his time
for some years in gathering the materials for this work, and in putting
his information into most interesting and delightful literary form. His
recital of the events of the narrative is supported by extensive addendum
notes giving his authority and excerpts from letters, previous publica-
tions, and personal reminiscences of relatives, and those who came in
personal contact with George Rogers Clark or his immediate followers.
No work could have been more carefully prepared, and Mr. Butterfield
had that indefatigable industry for the seeking of details upon which a
reliable history only can be produced. This book is especially interesting
at this time owing to the revival of interest in the achievements of
George Rogers Clark in the Northwest Territory and the voyages of
research and exploration by William Clark, a younger brother of George
Rogers, who, with Meriwether Lewis, led the expedition across the
continent from 1803 to 1806, by which the extent and resources of the
Louisiana Purchase were first made known to the American people.
The account of the conquest of the Illinois by George Rogers Clark
as it is told by Mr. Butterfield has all the fascination and intense interest
of a romance while it portrays the exploits of a fearless and patriotic
leader who saved the great Northwest Territory to the American Republic.
George Rogers Clark was known as "The Washington of the West." He
was a huntsman of the trackless forest interior of Kentucky, who with the
soul of a patriot, the bravery of an American soldier and the mind of a
statesman, hastened on foot, through six hundred miles of wilderness,
to Williamsburg, the capital of Virginia. There he obtained audience
with Patrick Henry, then governor of Virginia. Clark proposed to strike
the vast power of Great Britain in the Northwest and save that magnifi-
cent territory to American independence. His plans were appreciated and
approved, but troops could not be spared him from the Continental army;
they were needed to a man in the East. Clark gathered two hundred
Virginia and Pennsylvania backwoodsmen and while the sun of spring
was melting the snows of Valley Forge and hope and courage were
again animating the heart of Washington, Clark set out on that famous
expedition for the capture of the interior northwest posts of Great Britain.
It was the campaign of the 'Rough Riders' of the Revolution. It was
the dash of Sheridan in the Shenandoah. It was Sherman's 'march to
the sea,' through the interior of the enemy's country. That campaign
of Clark broke the backbone of British strength in the West. The British
posts of Illinois and Indiana were all taken save Detroit. The North-
west was secured and preserved to the United States.
The book has a scholarly introduction by Mr. W. H. Hunter, trus-
tee of the Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society.
Price, post-paid $1.50. Address all orders to F. J. Heer, Printer
and Publisher, Columbus, Ohio.
JUDGE THOMAS J. ANDERSON AND WIFE.
"Life and Letters of Judge Thomas J. Anderson and Wife." in-
cluding a few letters from children and others; mostly written during
the Civil War; a history; carefully edited and copiously annotated by
James H. Anderson, LL. B., life member and trustee of the Ohio State
Archaeological and Historical Society, and president of the Old Northwest
294 Ohio Arch. and Hist. Society Publications.
This book by Judge Anderson, though intended to be the memoirs
of his predecessors, is really an historical monograph of wide interest
and value to a large field of readers, inasmuch as the main personages
dealt with lived during important epochs of our state and national his-
tory, and came in personal contact with most of the leading characters
of their time. Judge Anderson, the author, who served under President
Lincoln as United States consul at Hamburg, and has had a most con-
spicuous career, is a gentleman of unusual culture and scholarly at-
tainments, an excellent writer, giving a decided literary finish and
flavor to the pages of his book which, it goes without saying, he wrote
con amore. The work contains a vast amount of interesting corre-
spondence, comprising letters from many of the distinguished officials
of our government. These letters throw sidelights upon the events of
their time, and furnish the basis for a great many annotating and
explanatory statements by the author. It has much of Ohio history
which is not easily found elsewhere. For instance, it tells when all the
treaties with the Ohio Indians were made, and gives much reliable data
respecting Ohio. Indians, with an account of the Delaware, the Seneca,
and the Wyandot Indians -the last Indians to leave the state-and their
reservations in Ohio, Kansas, and Indian Territory. It tells the story
of the celebrated slave case tried in Marion in 1839. The work com-
prises letters from prominent men and women, written during the Civil
War and throwing much information of great value upon the events
which they describe with the vividness incident to personal experience.
It recounts many important and hitherto untold, incidents occurring dur-
ing the war of the great rebellion, anecdotes of great generals and ac-
counts of some of the chief battles, and is especially valuable as setting
forth the forceful part which Ohio enacted in that greatest of civil wars.
Much is said about very many of the leading Ohio families, those
who were active in the pioneer settlement of the state, and those who
were conspicuous in its subsequent development, and those who became
prominent figures in our national history. Mr. Anderson has the literary
touch and delineation of an artist; his portrait sketches of the gov-
ernors of Ohio and prominent characters in the career of the state are
deftly and judiciously done; he presents much about these people never
before published and arouses anew the desire to peruse the lives of our
great state characters.
Judge Anderson is to be congratulated upon his achievement in
the scholarly detail of his work and his success in enshrining his own
family with leading historical events as a background to their eventful
lives. The book is made especially valuable by a very complete and
satisfactory index. It is published by the press of F. J. Heer, Columbus,
THE MEMOIRS OF RUFUS PUTNAM.
Compiled and annotated by Miss Rowena Buell, Marietta, Ohio.
Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston and New York.
This is a work of rare historical value, and one which every
student of history, and particularly of Ohio history, will covet and
consult with great satisfaction. It consists mainly of the official papers
and correspondence connected with the life and deeds of General Rufus
Putnam, who was the leader in the little band of pilgrims who came
from New England, and in the later Mayflower sailed down the Ohio
and landed, on that memorable 9th of April, 1788, at the present site
of Marietta. Next to the settlement of Plymouth by the passengers
of the first Mayflower, this second voyage was fraught with greatest
results to American history. The "Adventure," as the Mayflower was
first called, was to the great northwest empire what that little ship,
which landed upon the bleak shores of Cape Cod, in December, 1620,
was to the American colonies of the new-born American republic.
The material comprising this book is historical, and admirably ar-
ranged and edited by Miss Buell. The first part is autobiographical,
giving the family history and descent of Rufus Putnam, beginning with
his first American ancestor, John Putnam, who came to Salem in
1634. The second part covers General Putnam's military and public ser-
vices until 1804. General Putnam was a distinguished participant in the
Revolutionary War, enjoying the personal friendship and esteem of
Washington; he was an engineer of superior attainment and superin-
tended all the defenses of New York in 1776, and aided in construct-
ing the fortifications at West Point. The War of the Revolution over,
he began the second period of his career, perhaps more distinguished,
certainly more romantic and not less courageous, by his services in direct-
ing the first settlement in the Northwest Territory.
Senator Hoar, of Massachusetts, and President Perry, of Marietta
College, contribute introductory pages to this volume, which is pub-
lished under the auspices of The Society of Colonial Dames of America
in the State of Ohio.
It is a volume which should be in every Ohio library, and which
will be of value to all students of early American history, and particularly
of the foundation and development of the Northwest Territory and the
state of Ohio. Miss Buell has contributed a most valuable volume to Ohio
THE VANISHED EMPIRE.
"The Vanished Empire," by Waldo H. Dunn; published by The
Robert Clark Co., Cincinnati.
296 Ohio Arch. and Hist. Society Publications.
This is a little volume just issued from the press, in which the author
recounts "A tale of the Mound Builders." The location of the events
of the story is mainly at Serpent Mound and Marietta, at which latter
place the author locates the capital or abiding place of the king of the
Mound Builders, whom he calls Oko. The story is not intricate, and is
simply and speedily told. It is an imaginative portrayal of the life and
character of the Mound Builders, whose king is Oko, husband of Queen
Gurda. There is a treacherous officer of the court known as Bodo,
who becomes the spy and accomplice of the race under King Inca, who
came from the south, attacked and vanquished the Mound Builders. The
author has, evidently, studied the chief pieces of literature concerning
the Mound Builders. He gives a vivid description of Serpent Mound
and the ceremony of worhsip supposed to have been their custom at
that place, one Gilgo acting as high priest. Mr. Dunn's book is rather
unique, in that it deals almost exclusively with that mysterious race
concerning which we really know very little. His book is calculated
to arouse an interest in the people of that vanished empire and stimulate
the inspection of their remaining works, and the study of such authors
as have dealt with this long-buried race. The book has some illustra-
tions, particularly two excellent ones of Serpent Mound, around which
the story revolves. The book is honored with an introduction by Prof.
J. P. MacLean, the distinguished scholar of American archaeology.
ST. MEMIN PORTRAITS.
Dr. William J. Campbell, the wellknown bookseller of Phildelphia,
is writing an elaboratework on St. Memin portraits. It will be in eight
volumes with over eight hundred and thirty engraved portraits, all on
The basis of the book will be the famous "Collection" of 761
proofs, made by the artist himself, which has recently come into Dr. Camp-
The Corcoran Gallery of Art and the Library of Congress, both of
which have extensive collections, are co-operating with the author, giving
him the free use of any portraits that they possess that are not in his own
Any of our readers who have information either biographical or
genealogical, about any portrait that St. Memin made, or any information
as to the present location of any original crayons, coppers or engravings,
will confer a favor on the author by communicating with him.
Due credit will be given in the book for all information received.
Dr. Campbell's address is 1218 Walnut street, Philadelphia.