folio volumes, comprising "some 10,000 fools-cap pages of notes of
the recollections of frontier warriors and pioneers, either written by
themselves, or taken down from their own lips; and wellnigh 5,000 pages
more of original manuscript journals, memorandum books, and old
letters written by nearly all the leading border heroes of the West."
This collection under the direction of Dr. Thwaites has been classified,
mounted in folios, catalogued and indexed in a most accurate and
satisfactory manner, so as to place it easily within the use of students,
desiring to consult the contents.
Dr. Draper died on August 26, 1891, after a life work, which
did not fulfill his ambition or plans-as he had ever hoped to write
and publish a series of complete biographies of pioneer heroes, but which
left to succeeding workers the foundation for many an historical edifice,
that never could have been erected but for "the unusual literary bricks
and stone" gathered by him. Dr. Thwaites, whose privilege it has been
to be the co-laborer and successor of Dr. Draper, to whose character
and life work Thwaites pays splendid tribute, describing him as "under-
sized, far from robust; a bundle of nervous activity, with delicate cut
features, which exhibited great firmness of character and the powers of
intense mental concentration, readily brightened with the most winning
MEMORIAL TO RUFUS PUTNAM.
[The Rufus Putnam Memorial Association, with headquarters at
Worcester, Massachusetts, held its tenth annual meeting at Rutland, Mass.,
the home of Rufus Putnam, on September 27, 1910. As the proceedings
interest the members of the Ohio State Archaeological and Historical
Society, we publish the same as reported in the Worcester Daily Telegram,
on September 28.-EDITOR.]
The 10th annual meeting of the Rufus Putnam Memorial Association
was held in the Rufus Putnam home. The Worcester members and some
from other places came in 10 automobiles. They left the Worcester
Club about 11.30 o'clock.
The meeting was stirred by the address of Senator Charles S.
Dana of Marietta, 0., and remarks by Prof. A. B. Hulbert of Marietta
College. President G. Stanley Hall called the meeting to order at 12.25
o'clock. Secretary Eben F. Thompson read the records of the last annual
meeting. Vice-President Hon. Henry A. Marsh spoke of the death of
Henry E. Hill, treasurer of the association, telling of his untiring
efforts for the good of the association. He then read the report of
the treasurer, which showed the balance on hand $178.16.
Then followed the election of officers for the year 1910-11. These
were chosen: President, G. Stanley Hall; Vice-President, Hon. Henry A.
Marsh; Clerk and Secretary, Eben F. Thompson; Treasurer, Edward G.
470 Ohio Arch. and Hist. Society Publications.
Norman, all of Worcester; Executive Committee, Charles A. Bartlett
and Louis M. Hanff, Rutland, and Stephen C. Earle, Worcester.
These were elected members of the association: Hon. Curtis Guild,
Jr., Boston; Mrs. Louise H. Norman, Miss Emma S. Hinckley and
Frank L. Coes of Worcester.
Prof. A. B. Hulbert reported for the committee to which was
referred the matter of an incorrect account published in the proceedings
of the Bunker Hill Monument Association last year, stating that he
delivered an address, June 17, in Boston, and that the address had
been published in pamphlet form and sent to various societies. The
address substantiated the fact that Gen. Rufus Putnam planned the forti-
fications at Dorchester Heights.
He offered resolutions which mentioned the planning and forming
the Ohio Company of Associates by Gen. Rufus Putnam and Gen.
Benjamin Tupper in the Rufus Putnam House in Rutland, 125 years
ago, January 10, 1911; the leading of the colonists from Massachusetts
and Connecticut to Ohio and the founding of Marietta; The organizing
of Muskingum Academy in 1797 by Gen. Putnam, which later became
Marietta College, and now owns valuable historical collections of the
Ohio Company and journals, dairies and other papers of Gen. Putnam,
In order to perpetuate the unselfish devotion of the pioneers who
first settled Ohio, it was suggested a committee of ten be appointed by
the President of the Rufus Putnam Memorial Association, which shall
formulate and carry out a plan to secure what shall be known as the
General Rufus Putnam Memorial Fund of $100,000, the income to be
expended for the maintenance of the Rufus Putnam Home in Rutland
in its present state of preservation; for the support of the department
of history and political science and the historical museum of Marietta
College, and for such other purposes as shall promote the general aim
of this enterprise, the trustees of Marietta College to be custodians and
trustees of the fund.
The resolutions were adopted and this committee appointed: G.
Stanley Hall, Arthur F. Estabrook, Hon. Curtis Guild, Jr., Boston;
Hon. Whitelaw Reid, London; Homer Lee, New York; W. W. Mills,
Senator Charles S. Dana, Prof. A. B. Hulbert, Marietta; E. O. Randall,
Columbus; A. George Bullock, Worcester.
Senator Charles S. Dana of Marietta was introduced:
He said, in part:
It is a privilege for me to stand by the threshold of the founder
of Ohio and greet you of the East who revere the life and the deeds
of Rufus Putnam. Here among the hills of Massachusetts the name
of Rutland seems the articulation of the empire of the great North-
west. The mists of a century and a quarter do not dim the lurid deeds
of the Company of Ohio Associates, upon whom history spreads all
the effulgence of the glorious sun.
The plain history of America transcends all the gilded imagination
of the writer of the historical novel. The pen cannot add to the life
of Washington, of Hamilton, of Adams, of Putnam, and within our
own time it can but fittingly record its tribute to that great American
of your own commonwealth, George Frisbie Hoar.
If Quebec had not fallen into the hands of the English under Gen.
Wolfe, it is highly probable that the land we now call the great North-
west, would exist under the colors of France. If Lawrence and Augustine
Washington had not formed a company, with Lord Fairfax, in 1748,
that they called the Ohio Company, which company controlled the land
immediately south of the Ohio River and north of the Little Kanawha,
it is also possible that Ohio would be a French province today. If
Gen. Lewis had not led his poorly armed and clad Virginia mountaineers
to the battle of Point Pleasant in the Ohio Valley, and routed the
Indians, who were fighting under English directions, it is also possible
that there would not have been any reason for this Putnam Society to
The Ohio Company grew from a call issued from yonder house
by Gen. Putnam and Gen. Tupper, both brave soldiers of the Revolu-
tion, and the friends and companions of Washington.
We have met to commemorate and perpetuate the life and the
deeds of Rufus Putnam in the fragrance of appreciation and grateful
Putnam, the stepson of a Sutton inn-keeper, became a self-made
man of the highest type. He early developed a fondness for engineering
and had his early training in the old French and Indian wars. While
in the conflict of the Revolution, his services were most distinguished
at Dorchester Heights, in the fortifying of West Point, the creating
of coast defenses, taking part in the capture of the army under Burgoyne,
and the saf retreat from Long Island.
Rufus Putnam, the father of Ohio, is my toast: Rutland, Marietta,
Ohio these are the sequences.
I question if history records another instance wherein the govern-
ment of a state was projected and the laws worked out in detail in the
advance of the coming of a single individual to the land. Herein the
genius of Putnam was recognized and, with his forceful character, he
was placed at the head of the Ohio Company of Associates.
I have never been able to picture Putnam as a man given to
making money from his associates. He did not exploit the Ohio Com-
pany. When he left Rutland he had in his heart the love of God and
the love of his fellowmen, and to him the Ohio country offered an
opportunity for the advancement of mankind in a land where human
slavery could not exist and where the church was to stand beside the
472 Ohio Arch. and Hist. Society Publications.
schoolhouse. He realized that a people to be great must be accomplished,
and so he took with him the plans of a university, and under the
Ohio Company the first institution of this kind was established in
In the wilderness our fathers propagated Greek and Latin roots from
the very beginning and raised a citizenship of conspicuous mark. Men
of broad lives and views, who knew their rights and dared maintain
them; men who absorbed the ideas of Putnam's life and placed their
own lives behind the guns that flashed from Sumter and Appomattox.
Rufus Putnam could not have conceived of the creation of a
community without an institution of higher learning, and by the fireplace
here in Rutland he planned for an institution like Marietta College.
Through this seat of learning his influence lives today, and Rutland and
Marietta are joined by ties that will endure.
Ohio is now one of the empire states with a population represen-
tative of the civilization of the globe. Her children have amalgamated the
blood of New England and of the Virginians, and in these strains her
men and women are virile, they are yet the exemplars of the Putnam
band and must be the source of perpetuating the good, honest, common-
sense that has, after all, made America great.
Do not allow your ideals of Putnam's standard to be replaced by
the "Melting Pot." The pure strain of American blood must not be
contaminated in this way, for otherwise we will turn back the sands of
Truly this is a time of rapid progress. Ours is the engine of
internal combustion, the wireless message, the subtle power of electricity,
the recording of the human voice, the power of aerial travel.
This is a country just passing the portals of real human progress,
and we are a part of the same. Ours is the inspiration of all that
has made our nation great, and it is ours to help keep perpetual the
integrity of Rufus Putnam, his honest purpose and his devotion to
"religion, education and morality."
After the address of Senator Dana, a recess was had, and the
members went to Hotel Bartlett, where dinner was served. At the
tables were: Dr. G. Stanley Hall, Mrs. Florence E. Hall, A. George
Bullock, Mrs. Mary C. Bullock, Burton W. Potter, Mrs. Fannie E.
Potter, William Woodward, Mrs. Caroline I. Woodward, Nathaniel
Paine, Henry A. Marsh, Mrs. Emily W. Marsh, Eben F. Thompson,
Miss Emma S. Hinckley, Stephen C. Earle, Nathan H. Allen, Edward
G. Norman, Mrs. Louise H. Norman, Miss Mary Hoar, Dr. Charles B.
Elder, Mrs. Almina R. Elder of Worcester; Rev. Sidney Crawford,
Wayland; Edwin D. Mead, Boston; Senator Charles S. Dana, Prof. A. B.
Hulbert, Marietta; Miss Edith Sears, Boston; Miss Maude Bartlett,
Brooklyn; Ira G. Dudley, Mrs. Sarah Dudley, Boston; Walter A. Wheeler,
Mrs. Mary E. Bray, Charles R. Bartlett, Mrs. Catharine M. Bartlett,
Louis M. Hanff, Mrs. Frances P. Hanff, Rutland.
After the dinner, Prof. Hulbert, Senator Dana and Edwin D. Mead
spoke briefly, after which the meeting dissolved. After the meeting,
several signed the membership roll of the Rutland Chapter of the Ohio
Company of Associates.
A Pupil's Recollection.
Just two score years ago-in the Fall of 1870-the editor of the
QUARTERLY-then a "slip of a lad" just emerging from his 'teens-
landed at the little city of Ithaca, nestling in the valley at the head
shores of picturesque Lake Cayuga, New York. It was one bright
September morn that the young matriculate climbed the "hill of science"
to its brow, surmounted by the campus then only partially leveled knolls,
the site of the new institution of learning, called Cornell University,
which according to its founder was to be an institution "where anybody
could fnd instruction in any study." The university, now one of the
most famous in the land, with a score of magnificent buildings, a
wealth of equipment, hundreds of professors and instructors and
thousands of students, was then but a hope and promise with two or three
permanent grey-stone buildings and half a dozen, temporarily constructed,
frame halls of learning. But brick and stone and chunks of endowment
funds do not alone make a university. It is the professors and the
instruction that mould the character of the student and train and de-
velop his gray matter, if he has any, for the battle of life. It has been
truly said that "Mark Hopkins, seated on one end of a log with a
student at the other makes a college." At Cornell in those incipient
days, there were crude appointments for the accommodation of the
earnest boys who flocked to this new institution. But it was the first
to break the shell of the old narrow courses of mere dead languages
and a slight smattering of science, and it was the pioneer to broaden
the curriculum into optional studies of a hundred fold. But those early
years was the period of distinguished professors and lecturers, resident
and non-resident. James Russell Lowell, George William Curtis, Bayard
Taylor, in literature; Louis Agassiz in natural science; Herman E. Von
Holst, Goldwin Smith, James Anthony Froude, Edward A. Freeman,
George Washington Green and Andrew D. White, in history. Of that
distinguished galaxy each one has done his good work and passed to
the beyond-all save one, Andrew D. White, the first president and the
one who inspired Ezra Cornell to found the institution and who out-
lined the plans of this distinctly American college-the new and liberal
methods which were at first to draw the bitter antagonism of all other