SOME DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF OHIO.
BY GEORGE DAVENPORT KRATZ, AKRON.
In undertaking to edit the following expresses and com-
munications I have made no attempt to form any connection
between them or, to draw any conclusions from the import of
the letters taken separately. The nature of the communications
prohibits such a procedure. My part has been merely to preface
several of the documents with a few remarks relative to the
state of affairs at the time they were written.
In regard to the original documents, I wish to say that
they have been in my possession for several years. To the best
of my knowledge they have never been exhibited or printed dur-
ing, or previous to, the time I have had them. Although the
documents are for the most part in good condition and easily
legible, which has obviated any trouble in reading them, the
proper place for them is not obscurity in my own hands but con-
tributed to the Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society
as Documental History.
The first express is relative to the condition of affairs at
Urbana about the time of the first siege of Fort Meigs. It is
addressed to Col. John Daugherty, Springfield. (Express.)
The letters from Fort Finly referred to in this express
probably left that place during, or shortly after that place was
itself attacked. From the date of this express it appears likely
that the men mentioned as headed by Governor Meigs had set
out under his command, soon after he had received a communica-
tion from Major William Oliver, dated April 29, 1813, describ-
ing the predicament of Fort Finly at that time. Oliver's letter,
which is given in full in H. S. Knapp's History of the Maumee
Valley (p. 159, 1877 Ed.), states that on April 28th the Indian
allies of the British had attacked the fort from the opposite
shore, the British themselves remaining below. The force of
Some Documentary History of Ohio. 397
the enemy was at this time estimated at 3,000 with an additional
and unknown number of Indians in the vicinity.
Oliver on the date of his letter to Governor Meigs was in
pursuit of General Clay. Having reached General Clay, Oliver
returned to General Harrison then at Fort Meigs, arriving at
that place on the night of May 4th. During the three days pre-
ceding Oliver's arrival, Harrison had been subjected to the fire
of Indians who had climbed trees near the fort and, the British
batteries on the left of the river. In this position General Har-
rison had been asked, by General Proctor who commanded the
Birtish troops, to surrender the garrison. Harrison refused to
surrender and was soon reinforced by Clay as related above.
Even after General Clay's timely arrival it was not until May
9th that General Proctor finding himself unable to take the fort,
and, seeing his Indians fast leaving him raised the siege and
retired to Malden. It was therefore only reasonable that the
citizens of Urbana should feel the alarm expressed in the fol-
URBANA, 8th May, 1813.
SIR: From letters received this day from Fort Finly we
learn that Camp Meigs, the headquarters of the North Western
Army is now closely besieged by the British and Indians and a
constant cannonading kept up for several days. It is also stated
that the firing of cannon has been heard at Fort Defiance. We
learn that several hundred men have already marched from the
Second Division headed by Governor Meigs who is to proceed
on by Sandusky to Fort Finly and the Rapids. A number of
citizens of this place and its vicinity have met to consult for the
safety of the frontier and our companions in arms are of opinion
that the only alternative that remains is to reinforce Genl. Har-
rison and reduce the enemy in the Wilderness, or shortly find
him within our settlement. There being a considerable number
of public arms at this place, and some ammunition, it is purposed
by this meeting that all who can possibly leave their homes should
at this all important juncture volunteer for a few days for the
purpose of joining Gov. Meigs at Fort Finly and then determine
whether to reinforce Genl. Harrison or guard our frontier until
a regular draft can be made.
398 Ohio Arch. and Hist. Society Publications.
It is proposed that the persons who on this important occa-
sion volunteer their service, do meet at this place, mounted and
provided with at least eight days provisions, on Monday next,
and proceed immediately on under the command of such persons
as they may appoint. Those who cannot conveniently furnish
themselves with provisions can be supplied along the different
parts of the road. All expenses sent on to different Commts.
will be regularly paid by application to Capt. Joseph Vance of
COL. JOHN DAUGHERTY. SAMUEL MCCOLLOCH,
DANIEL D. ARMSTRONG,
JOHN W. VANCE,
The second communication includes a copy of a hand bill
that was forwarded to Urbana relative to the second siege of
Fort Meigs. It is followed by correspondence from William
Ward to G. Whiteman. Ward in the communication to White-
man states the condition of affairs at Urbana and, adds a note
concerning a rumored killing by the Indians between McArthurs
and Menarys which he says cannot be confirmed. The only ad-
dress this communication bears is, G. Whiteman or Col. Daugh-
erty. No town or camp is given.
Western Star Extra.
Extract of a letter from J. C. Bartlett to G. McArthur dated
July 22nd at Upper Sandusky, 1O o'clock p. m., Oliver has
this moment arrived from Fort Meigs with a verbal message
from G. Clay to W. H. Harrison, informing him, that the British
had again besieged that place. They were discovered on the
opposite side of the river yesterday. The Indians had crossed
Some Documentary History of Ohio. 399
over in the night and had succeeded in killing and taking off
seven of the picket guards. The force landed in view of the
fort from their gunboats. They were estimated at 1,500 British
troops, besides those who had taken their positions in the night.
Early last night the enemy took possession of the point on this
side of the river, 200 yards below the fort where they were
erecting batteries; our batteries opened yesterday morning. We
have heard several guns this evening; 10 or 12 gun-boats, (4 of
them rigged) were in view when W. Oliver left the fort. I left
G. Harrison this morning at lower Sandusky. The Commandant
of the militia has at the request of the D. G. Master General,
ordered out mounted men and companies if volunteers cannot
be had to the relief of Fort Meigs.
Scioto Gazette Extra.-Col. Dankorn left Chillicothe last
evening at 5 o'clock; an hour after Col. Bartlette's letter was
received-he was overtaken by an express bringing a letter from
G. McArthur stating that he had received orders from G. Har-
rison to turn out with all possible expedition all the force he
possibly could. In consequence of which the whole of the Second
Division has been ordered out. July 25, 1813.
DEAR SIR: The above is a copy of a hand bill that came
forward to Urbana which puts it out all doubt of the fort hav-
ing been attacked. There is a few guns at Urbana, perhaps 200
to 250, some which was not fit for service when the others were
carried away which has since been repaired and the balance was
deposited by Col. Johnston's mounted men on their return home.
There has been a report in circulation that the Indians had
killed some men between McArthurs and Menarys which may
have reached you, but it can't be true as the source can't be
traced. I am yours,
Another communication to Col. Daugherty relates the failure
of several men to report at Urbana on August 27th. This com-
munication is addressed to Col. J. Daugherty, Comdt. 2nd R.,
4th B. 1st D., O., Militia. It reads as follows:
400 Ohio Arch. and Hist. Society Publications.
SIR: The following persons who were drafted and ordered
to rendezvous at Urbana on the 27th of August failed to appear.
Captain Coxes Company-John Hutchinson.
Ensign Clevengers Company-John Enoch, John Alburn,
John Strawbridge. HENRY VAN METER,
Adgt. 2nd Regt. 4th Brigade,
1st Division, Ohio Militia.
The Fourth communication is from Duncan McArthur at
Chillicothe and is addressed to Col. William Ward, or, Capt.
Joseph Vance, Urbana, Ohio. The postscript is given as ap-
pended to the original document.
CHILLICOTHE, July 2, 1813.
GENTLEMEN: It appears from information just received
from Sandusky that our outposts are again attacked. Every exer-
tion is making here to raise volunteers. I purpose setting out
immediately for the head of Paine, Lebanon, Xenia, and Urbana
for the purpose of raising a few mounted volunteers, and trust
that if the news should reach you before I do, that you will pro-
ceed with your usual exertions and success. I hope to be with
you before you can possibly be ready to march. The Governor
is here and will proceed up the Scioto and do all he can to raise
volunteers. Expresses have been sent to Lancaster and Zanes-
ville. There is a regiment of regulars on their march from Ken-
tucky by this place. Do what you can; all are busy here. Gen-
eral Harrison we expect is at Fort Meigs. In haste yours,
and all friends in the neighborhood of Urbana.
A Brigade Order of later date and addressed to Col. John
Dougherty, or in his absence, Major Thomas Moore, Comt. 2nd
Regt. 1st B. 5th Division Ohio Militia, reads as follows:
Some Documentary History of Ohio. 401
DECEMBER 26th, 1814.
DEAR SIR: In conformity to a call of Genl. McArthur com-
mandant of the Eighth Military District, the commander-in-chief
of the militia of this State having called for one entire company
from the fifth Division, the Major Genl. having called on this
Brigade for one captain, together with his non-commissioned
officers and musicians, and twenty-eight men, to be in readiness
to march at a minute's warning-you are therefore requested, to
have detailed by draft or otherwise, one captain, one drummer,
one fifer, two sergeants, two corporals and eleven privates, to
be held in readiness to march at the shortest notice; it is expected
this order will be put into execution with the least possible delay,
and when the men may be ordered to rendezvous you will report
to me the captain's name, who may be ordered out.
JOSEPH LAYTON, Brigr. Genl.,
Of the 1st Brigade 5th Div., Ohio Militia.
COL. JOHN DOUGHERTY,
N. B. Sir, it appears from the rank rolls, that you have
two of the oldest captains in the Brigade who have not served a
tour of duty, and lest you should be difficulted suspecting the
dates of their commissions I give them to you, John N. Simon,
June 2nd, 1811, and John M. Cord, Dec ...., 181... J. L.
A second Brigade order of still later date is addressed to
Col. John Daughity, Champaign County, near Springfield, Ohio.
JULY 12th, 1816.
Sir you are hereby required to peraid at the town of Urban-
ner on the 29th and 30th days of August next with all the com-
missioned officers and regimental staff officers under your com-
mand for the purpose of being trained as the law directs where
you will meet the officers of the Third Regiment.
WM. BUCKLES, Col.
Comd. of the first Brigade, 1st Division,
Vol. XXI- 26. Ohio Militia.
402 Ohio Arch. and Hist. Society Publications.
The foregoing expresses, communications, and brigade or-
ders have dealt for the most part with military maneuvers; an-
other document in which Col. Daugherty's name appears is of
a different type. The following document is a receipt for special
bail of Simon Kenton, bail being furnished by John Daugherty
and Robert Renick. So far, I have been unable to locate the
incident involved in this transaction.
* * * * *
Received of John Daugherty and Robert Renick special bail
for Simon Kenton in a case where Samuel Need and Abraham
Need assignees of John Need who was assignee of Abraham
Stipp are plaintiffs and said Simon Kenton is defendant in the
court of common pleas for Champaign County the body of said
defendant who has this day been surrendered by said special
bail before Samuel Hill, Esquire, one of the associate judges of
our said court of common pleas in persuance of the statuo in
such case made and proceeded.
5th Sept. 1823. F. AMBROSE, Shff.
of Champaign County.
Receipt for the body of
from Shff. Champaign.
While the preceding communication may not be of any
direct historical value, still they at least give us side lights upon
the life of Col. John Daugherty, a very worthy man about whom
but little is recorded, and, again recall the name of Simon Kenton.