Ohio History Journal




580 Index

580                                   Index.

 

PART i1l.

(History of Ohio Indians.)

 

A.                       Arizofia, Cliff Dwellers, in, 290; 293; In-

Adams county, prehistoric earthworks in,         dian tribes in, 299.

471; 508.                                                                           Arkansas, Indians built mounds in, 503.

Adena, Mound, Socie-ty explores, 466; cul-                              Armstrong, Col. John, expedition against

ture of builders, 467, 471, 472, 485,       Indians (1756), 337.

496-498.                               Articles of Confederation, North West

Agriculture, prehistoric, 482.                   Territory organized under, 410.

Alabama, Tecumseh, visits Creeks in,                                       Ashland county, earthworks in, 471.

435.                                                                                   Asia, American aborigines in, 292, 293.

Albany, Indian Council (1754), 337; Brad-                               Assyria, 458.

street's expedition starts from, 347;                                Athapascans, territory and language, 286.

Bradstreet returns to, 349.                                              Athens county, Dunmore's expedition, 357.

Algonquin Indians, notion of Deity, 284;                                   Atlantic Ocean, 305; colonists on coast,

language and territory, 286; occupy                                         - 316, 322.

Ohio country, 309; original tribes                                  Atwater, Caleb, describes Ohio Mounds,

of, 312; Delawares principal tribes         461, 462.

of, 314; Ottawas, members of, 320;

of, 314; Ottawas, members of, 320;    Auglaize River, Ottawas on, 320, 321, 452;

in Pontiac's Conspiracy, 344.

in Pontiac's Conspiracy, 344.                                                  Wayne's army on, 423; Shawnees lo-

Allegheny  Mountains, retard    colonists,                                             cate     n     n   nans       ee  o

cated on, 430; Indian lands ceded to

293; 305; eastern   boundary   Ohio         United States, 4

United States, 453.

country, 308; English-Indian  fron-    Aztecs 5

tier line, 329; efforts to fix frontier

on, 337; Colonists cross for settle-

imelts, 341, 381; Revolutionary War,                           Babylonian, branch of Semitic family, 501.

west of, 365; 450, 463; Celoron's                                      Bahama Islands, 279.

Leaden Plate Expedition traverses,                               Baker's Bottom, Logan family murdered

329.                                        at, 354.

America, Man's    antiquity  in, 294-295;                                 Balboa, voyage of, 279.

Race of, 277.                                                                  Bald Eagle, murder of, 355.

American Antiquarian Society, publishes                                Baldwin, M. L. (Mrs.), Indian, lawyer,

description of Ohio Mounds, 461.            300.

American Indian Magazine, 302.                                              Battle Island, 400, 401.

Americans, Indian relation with, 409; lose                               Baum Village, exploration of, 466, 467.

Battle of Fallen Timbers, 424; Te-                                Beaver Creek, Ft. McIntosh on, 377.

cumseh attacks army at Browns-                                 Belgium, man's antiquity found in, 294.

town, 438; Delaware Indians' atti-                                Behring Strait, aborigines cross, 292.

tude toward, 386; feeling toward Mo-                           Bethlehem  (Pa.), Moravian headquarters

ravians in  Revolution, 392; erect          at, 384.

first Ohio fort, 378.

first Ohio fort, 378.               g Big Bottom, Indians attack, 417; 508.

Apache Indians, 299.

Apache Indians, 299.                                                               Big Cat, Delaware chief, 396.

Appalachian   Mountains, boundary     of                                Big Ho,        er    ale    , 9.

English-French possessions, 322.                                  Big Knives, 415

Arabs, 501; of Amerida, name for Shaw-               ,  .

Arabs, 501; of Aeria, name for Shaw-   Bird, Captain Henry, conducts siege of

nees, 311.                                                                                   Ft. Laurens, 379; detailed to capture

Archaeology, Ohio, 275; aid to historical                                            Louisville 381

research, 459; Mound Builders in

Ohio, 461; exhibit of Ohio material    Black Fish, Shawnee chief, 313; defends

at Philadelphia Centennial, 462; as-        Chillicothe and death of, 380; Creek,

sociation for study organized inKenton runs gauntlet at, 376.

Ohio, 462; Ohio    Atlas of, 467;      Black Hoof, Shawnee chief, 313; in bat-

achievements ,- 505-507.                    tle of Point Pleasant, 357; 451, 456.



Index

Index.                                    f81

 

Blanchard River, Ottawas on, 320; cede      Brock, General, Tecumseh joins, 438; suc-

reservation on, to United States,          ceeded by Gen. Proctor, 439.

452.                                  Brodhead, Colonel, commands Moravian

Blue Jacket, Shawnee chief, 313; in bat-                                   Indians, 385; effect of expedition,

tie of Point Pleasant, 357; replies to                                          388; destroys Delaware towns, 386-

St. Clair's Message, 415; 417; at St.                                           387.

Clair's defeat, 419; at battle Fallen  Broken Sword Creek, Moravian Town on.

Timbers, 424; opposes peace with           389.

Wayne, 425; at Greenville Treaty,

Wayne, 425; at Greenville T  t,    Brownstown, Tecumseh attacks Americans

313; summoned to Chillicothe con-

ference, 432; 456.

Blue Licks, Battle of, 404, 405, 406.       Buckongahelas, noted Delaware chief, 315;

Bolivar, Ft. Laurens erected at, 378; first                                  417; at St. Clair's  efeat, 419; at

Ohio Moravian Mission near, 384.                                Greenville Treaty, 427.

Boone, Daniel, 313; settles in Kentucky,    Bureau, Indian   Affairs, 275; American

366; with Clark's expedition, 381;                                  Ethnology interest in Ohio Mounds,

Killed at Battle of Blue Licks, 405.                                275, 463.

Bouquet, serves in Forbe's Ft. Duquesne     Iutler, Gen. Richard, commands in St.

expedition, 338; Expedition of 347-         Clair's expedition, 418.

330.

30owm,         C.                            Jo,        riButler County, Ft. Hamilton in, 418.

Bowmanl,         Col.       John,         raids     Shawnee                  .       . .

towmns, 380.  o                            sBryant's Station, British-Indian                attack,

towns, 380.

Braddock, General, and defeat of, Shaw-

nees at (1755), 313, 333; influence

on Indians, 336; "Indian Army" at,     Cabot, John and Sebastian, voyages of

338; Lessons from defeat, 360; Black        279.

Hoof figures in, 452.                                                      Caddoan Indians, 286.

Bradstreet, Col. John, expedition, 347-349.                              Cahokia, (11.), Murder of Pontiac, at

Bradt, Captain, commands at siege of lt.         (1763), 321; Clark captures, 378.

Henry, 404, 406.                       Caldwel!, Capt. William, commands Brit-

Brant, Chief, Joseph, 300; at Ft. Harmar                                  ish  and  Indians, Sandusky   cam-

conference, 414; at St. Clair's de-                                 paign, 399; commands attack on Ft.

feat, 419; after Fallen Timbers, 425.                                        Henry, 404; 405; attacks Bryant's

British, Army at Detroit, 366; Girty in-                                    Station, 405.

terpreter for, 377; Clark's expedi-    California, Indian languages represented

tion  against, 378; erect forts in         in, 286; Indians in, 299.

Mississippi Valley, 378; oppose west-  Calumet smoked at Greenville Treaty, 42S;

ward American migration, 38; Ft.            Tarhe, keeper of, 444.

Laurens besieged by, 379; relation    Camp Charlotte, Dunmore's Camp at, 360;

to Delawares, 386; plan punishment          Logan's speech near, 363.

of Moravian Indians, 388, 392; Al-                               Campus Martius, 508.

lies of Ohio Indians, 398, 411, 413.                               Camp Sherman, prehistoric earthworks in,

414, 419, 435; interest in Crawford s       t70.

Campaign, 3991; fails to relinquish   Canada, French missionaries and traders

western   garrison,  403;  Mohawks                                           among Indians, 325; Ohio Valley

aligned with, 414; 417; loss at Ft.                                   governed  by, 366; Moravians re-

Recovery, 422; Indian Agency on                                           turned to, 397; Tecumseh removes to

Maumee, 422; aid Indians against                                437; Harrison's campaign in, 445;

Wayne, 423; at battle of Fallen                                     Delawares migrate to, 451.

Timbers, 424, 42i; Wayne destroys     Canadians, Celoron's "Leaden Plate" ex-

Trading posts of, 424; Tecumseh es-                                        pedition composed of, 329; in Bird's

pouses cause of, 437-439; 444; Gen.                                        Louisville expedition, 381; at siege

Proctor  commands,    439; relation                                         of Ft. Meigs, 439; 440; in attack on

with Wyandots, 443; Tarhe opposes                                         Ft. Stephenson, 446.

alliance with, 445, 446; lose influence  Captina Creek, Cresap attacks Shawnees

on Ohio Indians, 449; 501.                  on, 353.



582 Index

582                                   Index.

 

Captives' Town, Moravians                     at, erect    Cincinnati-- Concluded.

church, barred from                    returning to,                           Harrison makes address at (1839),

etc., 389, 390, 391, 393, 397.                                          455; Mound    Builder explorations

Carlisle (Pa.), Indian School at, 300.                                         near, 466, 467.

Carter, Hon. Charles, D., Indian, serves    Circleville, Dunmore's army near, 360;

as U. S. Congressman, 300.                  geometric earthworks at, 470.

Carleton, Gen., orders cessation of Brit-   Clark County, Indian town Piqua in,

ish-Indian incursions, 407.                 382, 430.

Cartier, voyage of, 279.                    Clark, George Rogers, conquest of the

Catholics, Missionary work among In-                                      West, by, 378; organizes expedition

dians, 325, 383.                                                                           against Miami-Shawnee towns and

Cat Indians, 310, 460.                                                                             Detroit, 381-383; Ohio Indian cam-

Caucasians, scope of race, 501.                                                             paign, 404, 405, 406; expedition

Cayuga Indians, an Iroquois tribe, 319;                                     against Shawnees, 430.

sympathy with Okio Indians, 356;       Clay, General, commands Kentuckians at

entrance to Ohio, 451.                      siege, Ft. Meigs, 440, 441.

Celoron, Bienville de, Captain, - Leaden

Plate" expedition of, 329.

Central America, aboriginal civilization Cliff Dwellers 290, 29, 465, 504.

of, 290, 465, 503.                                                            Cloud, Henry Roe, Indian Educator, 300.

Chatham   (Can.), Battle of Thames, at,                                   Colorado, 293.

447.                                                                                  Columbus, Christopher, purpose of voy-

age, 277, 278.

Cherokee Indians, 296, 299; compared to          age, 277, 278.

Mound Builders, 501.                   Columbus, City, Society       American   In-

Chesapeake Bay, 307.                                                                           dians organized                   in, 302; site of

Chessekan chief, Tecumseh's brother, in                                              Mingo towns, 319, 364; Leatherlips

battle of Point Pleasant, 357; 430.                                             town near, 433; Wyandot Club of,

Chicago, site Miami Indian center, 316.                                               434; Franklinton now part of, 441.

Chickasaw    Indians,  286,  299;   built   Commissioner, Indian Affairs, 299.

mounds, 503.                                                                  Conestoga, Indian Massacre at, 355.

Chillicothe (near Xenia). Bowman's ex-                                   Connolly, Capt. John, takes Ft. Pitt, 352.

pedition to, 380; Indians destroy,                                  Connecticut, charter claims in  N. W.

382.                                        Territory, 410.

Chillicothe, city of, conference with Te-   Contrecoueuer, visits Forks of the Ohio

cumseh at, 432; Squier and Davis            River, 334.

reside in, 461; prehistoric earth-     Coolidge, Rev. Dr. Sherman, Indian clef-

works near, 470; Adena      Mound           gyman, 300.

near, 496.                                                                        Copper, aboriginal use of, 290, 494, 49'.

Chillocco   (Okla.)  Indian    Industrial   Cornstalk, Shawnee chief, 313; leader

School at, 300.                                                                            Ohio Indian alliance, 351, 353; in

China, 458.                                                                                             Dunmore's War, 356-361, 362; 451.

Chinese, 291.                                                                              Cornwallis, Gen., surrender of, 398.

Chippewa   Indians, number, 296, 299;  Cortez, voyage of, 279.

friendly to Moravians, 397, 414; sue                            Coshocton, site   Wyandot Town, 330;

for peace after Fallen Timbers, 425;                                        Bouquet's headquarters near, 349-

at Greenville Treaty, 427; in War of                                        350; 387.

1812, 447; Cede lands to U. S., 453.   Coureur-de-Bois, influence  on  Indians,

Chiywee commands Wyandots at Battle              326.

of Point Pleasant, 358.               Covington (Ky.) Bowman's Indian ex-

Choctaw Indians, 286, ,299.                      pedition mobilized at, 3p0.

Christianity, Indians accept, 285.          Crane, The, chief (See Tarhe), 319; at-

Cincinnati, Clark erects block-house on                                    tends Franklinton Council, 442; 444,

site of, 382; Lochry's expedition de-                                        452.

feated near, 382, 405; settlement of                             Cranetown, Tarhe's Wyandot town, 444.

and  capital Northwest Territory,                                 Crawford County, Der.ware Indian town

412; 415; Wayne's army at, 420; Gen.        in, 399.



Index

Index.                                   583

 

Crawford, John, in Sandusky campaign,       Delaware Indians - Concluded.

403.                                                                                             Bouquet on the Muskingum, 349,

Crawford, Col. Wm., responsibility for                                                350; at Pickaway Conference, 352;

his own death, 315; destroys Scioto                                          chief Bald  Eagle murdered, 355;

Indian towns, 320; destroys Mingo                                           divided in alliance with   English,

towns,   363-364;  Sandusky   cam-                                          355; in  Cornstalk's Confederacy,

paign, 399-404.                                                                          357; in battle of Point Pleasant, 358;

Crawford, William, 403.                                                                       Dunmore takes hostages from, 364;

Crawfordsville, Col. Crawford's expadi-                                             attitude  of during                    Revolutionary

tion near, 402.                                                                            War, 365; 377, 37,                   6; at Ft. Mc-

Crazy Horse, Sioux chief, 297.                                                             intosh Treaty, 378; besiege Ft. Lau-

Creek Indians, 286, 296, 299; war with,                                               rens, 379; Christianity among. 383;

432; Tecumseh incites to war, 435;                                          Ft. Pitt Treaty with, 38.; renegade

construct mounds, 503.                                                              influence on, 385; lrodhead, de-

Cresap, Capt. Michael, leads army against                                         stroys Muskingum town, 387; moved

Shawnees, 353; blamed for Yellow                                         to Scioto and Sandusky, 387; Chief

Creek crime, 2.54; mentioned in Lo-                                       Glikkikan, massacred    at Gnaden-

gan's speech, 363.                                                                      hutten, 396; Allies of British. 398;

Cresap's War, 353-354.                                                                         vacate Muskingum   \ alley, 398; In-

Croghan, George, Commissioner to Ohio                                            dian town on Tymochtee Creek, 399;

Indiars, 328, 330 (1750); at Logs-                                            activity in Sandusky campaign, 400;

town treaty, 331; visits Pickawillany                                        capture  Col. Crawford, 401; es-

with Gist, 331; represents Pa., at                                              tranged from  Moravians, 401; take

Ft. Pitt, 352; influences Shawnees                                            Col. Crawford to Pipestown. 402;

against Virginia settlers, 353.                                                    in renegade's army, 404, 407; at Ft.

Croghan, Col. George, commands at Ft.                                              McIntosh, 411; attitude toward Ohio

Stephenson, 446.                                                                        settlers, 413; confirm  Ft. McIntosh

Cully, Capt. George, messenger to San-                                              treaty, 414; attack Big Bottom set-

dusky Indians, 407.                                                                    tlement, 417; unite with Indian al-

Cumberland   Valley, original home of                                               liance, 417; in  Battle of Fallen

Shawnees. 312.                                                                          Timbers, 424; in Greenville Treaty,

Custer, Gen. George, Indian campaign of,                                          427, 442, 444; remain in Ohio, 449;

297.                                                                                            passing of, in Ohio, 450. 451; intel-

Cuyahoga River, 306; Major Rogers meets                                        lectual qualities of, 456: migration

Pontiac on, 321; Croghan's trading                                           to Ohio, 460.

posts on, 328; Moravian setlements                               Delaware (State), 314.

on, 397; Ohio Indians reserve lands                              Department of Interior, deals with Indian

on, 414.                                   affairs, 299.

D.                       De Peyster, Arent Schuyler. summons

Darke County, Ft. Greenville in, 421.                                                  Moravians to Detroit, 389; dealings

Davis, explores Ohio earthworks, 461, 462.                                        with Moravians, 390, 396, 397; influ-

Defiance, site Pontiac's birthplace, 321                                              ences Ohio Indians. 398; plans San-

(See Fort Defiance.)                                                                dusky campaign, 399; plans attack

Delaware Bay, 307.                                                                             on Ft. Henry, 404; countermands

Delaware County, 319.                                                                        Ft. Henry attack, 406; presides at

Delaware Indians, 285; treaty with, 296;                                             Detroit Council, 407.

308; relation with Shawnees, 312;      De Soto, Ferdinand. discoveries of, 279;

reasons for coming to Ohio, 315; 318;       found mounds in explorations, 503.

Protestant  missions  among, 325;     Detroit (See Fort Detroit), Indian peace

Lancaster Treaty, 328; at Logstown                                        conference at (1783), 304, 407; In-

conference, 331; desert in French                                           dian trails from. 307; Miami, To-

and Indian War, 336; expeditions                                             bacco and Huron tribes at, 316, 317,

into Pennsylvania, 337; at Ft. Du-                                            318; English capture   (1760), 321;

quesne Moravian Council, 339; in                                            French missionaries and traders at,

Pontiac's Conspiracy, 344; not party                                       325, 326; Wyandots move from, 327;

to Ft. Niagara peace, 347; meet                                               331; Pickawillany prisoners carried



584 Index

584                                   Index.

 

Detroit,  (See   Fort   Detroit) - Con-     Egyptians, Indian origin, 291; belong to

eluded.                                     Caucasian race, 501.

to, 322; Indian Council at, 342, 361,  Elenipsico, at Battle of Point Pleasant,

420; Indians resent French cession          357.

of (1763), 343; Ensign Pauli taken           Elephant Mound, 486.

to, 345; Bradstreet's Indian                       Con-             Elliott, Captain  Matthew   (Renegade),

ference, 348; capital of                            Quebec                    leads Indians in Kentucky raids, 380;

province, 366; Ohio valley subject                               influences Moravian neutrality, 385;

to government at, 366; Kenton taken                             leads expedition against Moravians,

to, 377; Clark plans capture, 378;                                   388; at Sandusky, 399; 400; 404,

Mcintosh expedition cancelled, 378;                             417.

British commander of, attacks Ft.     Elskwatawa (See Prophet), 429, 431-432,

Laurens, 379; Center British influ-         437.

ence, 381, 398, 404, 413, 415; French  England, man's antiquity in, 294; cede

from in Muskingum expedition, 388;                            N. W. Territory, 410; War of 1812,

Moravians summoned to, for trial,                               437.

389, 390, 391; 399; Indian conference  English, Indian hostility to, 312, 314; In-

(1788), at, 413; Hull's surrender of,                             dians friendly toward, 315, 319, 327,

438; Chief Tarhe born at, 444; re-                                 333, 338, 340; connection with Pick-

stored to U. S., 448; Indians cede                                  awillanies, 317; contest with French

lands at Treaty of, 453.                                                             for Ohio, 318, 322-350, 329; Major

Detroit River, Indians on, 310.                                                              Roger's expedition for, 321; coloni-

DeVilliers, French officer, forces evacua-                              zation of, 322, 323; traders in Ohio

tion of Ft. Necessity, 338.                                                          valley  (1745), 326, 331, 345; court

Douglas, Major Ephraim, Pennsylvania                                  good will of Indians, 328, 336; at

messenger to Sandusky Indians, 407,                            Logstown  conference, 331; French

408.                                                                                             drive from Miami valley, 332; Brad-

Doughty, Major John, commands troops                                 dock's defeat, 333; Half King's ac-

at Ft. Harmar, 411.                                                                     quaintance, 334; Indians criticise

Druyer, Captain, takes Kenton to Detroit,                                 methods of warfare and desert, 335,

377.                                                                                             337; reorganize forces in French

and Indian War, 338; Moravians aid

Dublin, Leatherlips killed near, 431.                                          in         French and Indian War, 339;

Dudley, Colonel, at siege of Ft. Meigs                                      Idians expect help from, 341; rea-

and massacre of, 440.                                                                son for Quebec Act, 342; French

Dunmore, Lord, Governor of Virginia,                                    cede Indian lands to, 343; Pontiac's

plans campaign   against Ohio In-                                conspiracy, 343-344; defend Detroit

dians, 320, 355.                                                                           346; Ohio Indians make peace with,

Dunmore's War, Chief Logan's speech at                                348; portions of Ohio valley ceded

close of 355; 366, 399, 356, 364, 451.                           to, 351; Iroquois favor, 352; Chief

Dunquad, Wyandot half king, 388, 389,                                    Silver Heels friendly, 355; border

400, 401, 402, 407, 452.                                                             warfare, 360; 409; Tecumseh favors,

in 1812, 435; 454.

E.                                                      Erie (Pa.), site Indian town, 311.

Eastman, Dr. Charles A., Indian physi-               Eies (See Cat Nation), 310; conquered

cian and author, 300.                       by Iroquois, 311; live in Ohio, 460.

Easton, Pa., Indian conference (1758),               Eskimo, 277, 280.

339.                                                                                 Etheopians, belong to Caucasian race, 501.

East Toledo, Ottawa reservation    near,

452.

Eaton, site Ft. St. Clair, 421.                                                       Fairfield County, Tarhe's town in, 444.

Eel   River,                Williamson's    expedition   Fallen Timbers, Battle of (1794), 313;

against           on,   417;  mentioned   in                          Buckongehelas at, 315; 423-425; result

Greenville Treaty, 427.                                                             of, 425; Tecumseh at, 429; 430, 439,

Effigy Mounds, 486.                                                                              444.

Egypt, 458; mound building in, 503.         Fort Stephenson, Battle of, 445-446.



Index

Index.                                     585

 

Feurt Mounds, exploration of, 467; low       Fort Miami, British erect, 422; Wayne

culture of builders, 473, 492; 476-482;      approaches, 423; 424.

double burial, 484; sanitation pro-     Fort Necessity, Washington     evacuates,

vided, 485; compared with Tremper            334-335 338.

Mound, 486.

Filson, John, founds Cincinnati, 412.       Fort Niagara, during Pontiac's conspir-

Filson, John, founds Cincinnati, 412.                                                      B                   E     i

Five Nations (See Iroquois).                       3   4     Bt      h,       4

Five Nations (See Iroquois).. acy, 346; Bradstreet's    Expedition,

*-,,.         .,    ,.-,  .   347-348; British hold, 403.

Flint,  Ridge,   479;  Spear-point                             from,

Adena Mound, 498.                       Fort Pitt, 307; Pontiac besieges, 346;

Florida, Indians of, 296, 297; English col-                     Bouquet's expedition from, 349, 350;

onize, 322; Tecumseh visits, 435.                                  dismantled, 352; treaty with Ohio

Fontainebleau, mentioned, 342.                                                             tribes at, 366; Western American

Food, prehistoric, 482.                                                                           headquarters  in  Revolution, 377;

Forbes, John (Gen.), Ft. Duquesne ex-                          McIntosh at, 374; Clark mobilizes

pedition of, 338; 340.                                                                  Detroit expedition at, 382; Treaty

Fort Ancient, Moorhead's exploration of,                     with Delawares at, 385; British ac-

466; culture of builders, 467, 471, 472-             tivities, 385, 398; Brodhead's Expe-

476, 485, 492, 493; compared with                   dition from, 387; 393-394, 396; Smoky

IIopewell Mounds, 495; type      of,                  Island Indian Massacre near, 3!J6;

470, 497; 472, 490, 503, 508.                                                     407.

Fort Cahokia 378.                                                                        Fort Recovery, 422.

Fort Defiance, Wayne at, 423, 425.                                          Fort Sackville, Clark attacks, 378.

Fort l)etroit (See Detroit), 307; center                   Fort St. Clair, Wayne's Army attacked,

Pontiac's conspiracy, 344; siege of,         421.

345-347;   McIntosh's    Expedition,           Fort Sandoski, English erect, 327.

377; Clark plans attack, on, 382;                 Fort Sandusky, 307; captured, 344-345.

British activities, 385; British hold              Fort Stanwix, Treaty of, 351, 366, 410, 414.

after the Revolution, 403; 437.                                      Fort Stephenson, on Sandusky, 441; 446.

Fort Vincennes, 378.

Fort Dunmore, 353, 362, 364 (See Dun-        Fort Vincennes, 378.

,~~more).  ~Fort Washington, 412; 415; IIarmar's Ex-

more).

pedition connected with, 415, 416;

Fort Duquesne, capture of, 324; Wash-              417.

ington occupies, 333; 335; Forbes'      Fort Wayne, erection of, 425; l.ittle Tur-

Expedition. 338; Post's Indian con-          te dies at, 450.

ference near, 339; 340.                                                 Fortified Hill, type hill-top enclosure, 470.

Fort Finney, 413.                                                                        Fowke, Gerard, archaeologist, 507.

Fort ;reenville, Wayne at, 421, 422, 425;              France, man's antiquity in, 294.

(See Greenville.)                                                           Franklin County, Chief Leatherlips killed

Fort Hamilton, St. Clair mobilizes army            in, 434.

at, 418; Wayne at, 421.                                                 Franklinton, peace council at, 441-442.

Fort Ilarmar, 411, 413.                                                              Fremont, Bradstreet's visit, 349; site of

Fort Ienry, 382; Indian attacks on, 396,           Ft. Stephenson, 445; 508.

404, 406-407.                           French, relations with Indians, 301, 312,

Fort Ilill, prehistoric earth-work, 470.                                       314, 328, 335; 409; struggle for Ohio

Fort Industry, Treaty at, 453.                                                                valley, 308, 318, 322-350); relation

Fort Jefferson, erection of, 418.                                                            with   Pickawillanies, 317, 331, 332;

Fort Junundat, constructed by French,                          name Tobacco tribe, 317; (ttawa

337.                                                                                             tribe, 320; surrender Detroit; col-

Fort Kaskaskia, 378.                                                                               onization of, 322, 323; coureur-'du-

Fort Knox, 420.                                                                                      Bois, 326; traders and missionaries

Fort Laurens, 307, 378; siege of, 380; 381,                   among Indians, 325, 383; incite In-

385; 508.                                                                                     dians against English, 327; Leaden

Fort McIntosh, erection of and treaty,                         Plate Expedition, 329; Joncaire sent

377; warned    against attack, 396;                    to Miamis, 330; drive English from

treaty at, 411, 413, 414.                                                             Miami country, 332; Washingtrn's

Fort Meigs, erection and siege of, 439-                         mission to, 333; Half King informs

441; relief of, 441; 443, 445, 446.                                             Washington concerning, 334; Indians



586 Index

586                                   Index.

 

French - Concluded.                         General   Abstract    of  article - Con-

aid in French and Indian War, 336,                               cluded.

337; lose Indian favor, 338, 340; re-                              309-310; early historic Ohio Indian

pulses in French and Indian War,                                  tribes, 310-311; Shawnees, 311-313;

338; lose Ohio country, 341; Indians                             Delawares, 313-315; Miamis, 315-317;

resent French land cessions to Eng-                              Wyandots, 317-319; Mingoes, 319-320;

lish, 343-344; interested in Pontiac's                             ()ttawas and lesser tribes, 320-321;

Conspiracy, 345; encourage Indians                             the Indians, French and English,

against colonists in  Revolutionary                                322-350; traders  and  missionaries

War, 351; in Muskingum Moravian                               among Ohio Indians, 325-327; the

expedition, 388; 414, 454.                                                           Nicolas' Conspiracy, 327-328; first

French   Creek, French    bury   Leaden                                    mission to Ohio Indians, 328-329;

Plates at, 329.                                                                              Pickawillany, capital Ohio Indians,

French and I a  Wr I s in 26                                       329-330; Christopher Gist visits Ohio

French and Indian War, Indians in, 296;

Indian tribes, 330-331; Logstown In-

beginning historic study of Ohio                        ,       ; Picwi

dian  treaty, 331-332; Pickawillany

Indians, 304; Shawnees and Dela-            destre, 332-333; Fnc       an    n

destroyed, 332-333; French and In-

wares active in, 312, 314; Pontiac's                              da       , 33-33;    ontacs      n-

Conspirac  "a t ,  3- 3-                                       dian War, 333-343; Pontiac's Con-

Conspiracy "aftermath" of, 321; 322;0; Indian and the Rev-

..  of, 3-28,344- eventspiracy, 343-350; Indian and the Rev-

beginning of, 328, 344; events pre-

beginning of, 328, 344; events pre-                                      olutionary Period, 351-408; Revolu-

ceding, 332; 333; Tanacharison, con-                                       tionary    r        , 35-408

tionary War in Ohio, 365-408.

nection with, 333-335; Indians desert        t                    350

nectisn ,      333-33 Indians h d  balane                         George III, Quebec Act passed, 341.

British, 336; Indians hold balance      G                o       .

Georgia, Indians of, ,296, 297.

of power, 337; Post's mission to In-   Goia          ns ,   296, 297

Georgian Bay, Hurons and Ottawas on,

dians, 338-339; English                      successful,

340;  Indians'   dilemma,                   340-343;

events succeeding, 351; Virginia's     Germany, man's antiquity in, 294; Indians

part in, 352; effect on Miami tribes,       oppose in "Great War", 299.

449.                                                                                 Ghost Dance, among Indians, 285, 297.

G.                                                     Gibson, Alexander (Capt.) Wayne sends

to site of St. Clair's defeat, 421.

Gallipolis, Gen. Lewis encamps near, 357.

Gaipois, Gen. Lewis encampsnear, ,Gibson, John (Col.), messenger at Dun-

Gamelin, Pierre, St. Clair's messenger to

Indians, 414-415.                           more Treaty, 363; defends Ft. Lau-

Indians, 414-415.

rens, 379.

Gartner Mound, 466, 467.                    Girty, George, leads Indians in Kentucky,

Gelelemand (See Killbuck), 396.                                                          380; active in Sandusky campaign,

General Abstract of article, The Indian                                   400

in )Ohio, 274-510; the Indian and.    Girty, James, with Piqua Indians, 382.

the period of discovery, 277-279; na-                           Girty, Simon, renegade, saves Kenton's

tive American Race, 277-302; Indian                                       life, 376; at Ft. Laurens, 379; in

physical characteristics, 279-281; In-                                       Kentucky raids, 380; 381; at Piqua,

dians' mentality and morality, 281-                              382; messenger to Moravians, 390;

2°2; Indian political and social or-                                 391; in Sandusky, 399, 400; at Craw-

ganization, 282; Indian religion, 283-                                        ford's execution, 402; influences Ii.-

285; Indian language, 285-287; In-                               dians, after Revolution, 404; 417; at

dian  art and    industry, 287-290;                                 defeat St. Clair, 419; at Ft. Recov-

status of Indian civilization, 290-291;                                        ery, 422.

theories as to Indian origin, 291-294;                            Girtys, The, 385; 399.

Indian antiquity, 294; removal of     Gist, Christopher, visits Ohio Indians,

Indians westward, 295-297; Indian           330-331, 332.

population, 297-298; office of Indian                           Gitchie Manito (See Manito-)

affairs, 299-300; Indian reservations,                           Gladwyn, Henry (Major), commands Ft.

298-299; future of Indians, 300-305;        Detroit 345-346.

Ohio country, the land and its peo-    Glenford, stone fort, prehistoric hilltop

ple, 363-321; Geography   of Ohio           enclosure, 470.

country, 305, 309; dawn of Ohio In-    Glikkikan, Delaware chief, Moravian, at

dian history, 309; Iroquois conquest,       Gnaddenhutten, 384, 396.



Index

Index.                                                      587

 

Gnadenhutten, Moravian mission at, 315,     Harrisburg   (Pa.),  Tanacharison               dies

384; Massacre at, 391-396; British          near, 335.

take in Revolution, 388; Monument,     Iarrison, William        H. (Gen.), 403; at

at, 395; rebuilt by Heckewelder, 397.                           Greenville                         Treaty, 427; summons

Goschoschgung, Delaware town on Mus-                                Tecumseh, 434; Battle of Tippe-

kingum, destroyed by Brodhead, 385,                          canoe, 435-437; replies to Tecumsel,

387.                                                                                             435; latter bitter against, 437; in

Goshen,   Zeisberger  founds   Moravian                                 War of 1812, 438, 439; defends Ft.

mission at, 397.                                                                           Meigs, 440; Franklinton Peace Coun-

Granville, effigy mound near, 471.                                                      cil, 441, 444; Tecumseh demands cap-

Greathouse,  Daniel,   murders   Logan's                                 ture of, 441; 443; eulogizes Tarhe,

family, 354.                                                                               444; Indians in army, 444; erects Ft.

Great Kanawha     River, Celoron  buries                                 Stephenson, 445; Tarhe in     Cana-

leaden plates at, 330.                                                     dian campaign, 445; Croghan's mes-

Great Lakes, French possess, 322; In-                                      sage  from   Ft. Stephenson, 446;

dians ally with British, 366.                                                       Battle of Thames, 447, 448; opinion

Great Meadows, French     defeated; 333;                               of Indian character, 455-456.

Tanacharison at, 334.                  IIarrod, James, with Clark's Expedition,

Great Miami River, Celoron travels and           381.

buries "Leaden Plates," 330.          Iarvard   University, interest in   Ohio

Great Trail, 307.                                Mounds, 462, 463.

Greece, and the Greeks, 458, 501.                                            IIayes, Rutherford B., 508.

Greenville,  (Site  Ft. Greenville),  St.               Heckewelder, John, Moravian missionary,

Clair's expedition, 418; 429, 432, 433.                          315; on Muskingum, 384; maintains

Greenville  Treaty,                Shawnees   at, 313;                                )elaware   neutrality, 385; feeling

Buckongahelas            signs, 315; Wyan-                                  over Tuscarawas massacre, 391; last

dots at, 319; 425-427; relics of 427;                              years and death of, 397; goes with

provisions of, 428; Tecumseh's atti-                             Putnam to Indian Council, 420.

tude toward, 430; Leatherlips at,           Hebrews 501.

434; 443, 444; Tarhe's influence, 444;  Hiawatha, reference to, 284.

Delawares  at, 450; Little                      Turtle              Highland County, Ft. Hill in, 470.

signs, 450; lands ceded                          at, 453;            History of Ohio, "The Rise and Progress

Treaty line, 453.                                                                        of an American State," Randall and

Gulf of Mexico, 305.                                                                             lyan, 275.

Hocking County, Dunmore's Expedition

F.                            passes through, 357.

Half King, aids Washington, 338; 402,      IHocking River, Wyandots on, 318; 356;

452.  (See Tanacharison.)                   Dunmore's encampment, 357.

Iamilton County, fortified hill in, 470.              Hog Creek, Shawnee Reservation on, 451.

Hamilton, (City), site of Ft. Hamilton,             Iopewell Mounds, Ross county, 462; ex-

418.                                                                                             plorations of, 465; Culture of builders,

Hamilton, Henry, British General, cap-                                   467, 471, 472, 485, , 49, 493. 494, 495,

tured by Clark, 378; inhumanity of,                              496; 487, 495, 497, 504.

390.                                                                                 1Hopi Indians, 299.

Hamitic Family, 501.                                                                Hopacan, (See Captain Pipe), 3S6, 396,

Harden, John, (Col.), defeated by In-            399, 402, 450.

dians, 416.                          IHull, William   (General), Tecumseh at-

Harmar, Josiah (Gen.), campaign of, 313;        tacks at Brownstown, 438.

at Ft. Washington, 412; defeat of,         Huron County, earthworks in, 471.

415-416; 417, 418, 421; Black Hoof      Huron de Petun Indians (See Tobacco

figures in campaign, 452.                                                          Tribe), 310.

Harness (Edwin) Mound, exploration of,      Huron                 River, Moravian settlement on,

466; culture of builders, 467, 487;                                397.

mica found in, 495; 496.              Huron Indians, 310; Alonquins extermi-

Harodsburg, Kenton's return from    cap-                               nate, 310; confederacy of, 317; at

tivity, 377.                                                                                  Sandusky, 318; meaning    of, 318;



588 Index

588                                  Index.

 

Huron Indians -Concluded.                 Indians, (See general abstract), 455; 466;

French   traders  and  missionaries                                             tribes mentioned, Cat, Chippewa,

among, 325; 327; 343-344; Brad-                                               Erie, Hopi, Huron de Petun, or

street's peace with, 348.                                                              Huron, Mandan, Mohave, Mohican,

"Moravian,"   Munsee,   Nanticoke,

I                            Neutral Nation, Onondaga, Piankas-

haw, Pima, Seneca, Tionontati, To-

Idaho, Indians in, 299.     bacco  Nation, Tuscarawas, Wea,

Illinois, part North West Territory, 410.                                                W e n d a t, Wyandot; Characters:

Illinois, Indians, language represented,                                                  Baldwin, Mrs, M. L.; Black Fish;

286; Iroquois conquest, 312; at Pick-                                          Black hoof; Blue Jacket; Brant,

away conference, 352; attend   Ft.                                            Joseph; Buckongahelas; Carter,

Knox council, 420.                                                                      Chas. D., 300; Cloud, Henry Roe;

Illustrations, view  Ohio  Archaeological                                              Coolidge, Rev. Dr. Sherman; Corn-

and Historical Museum, 373; dele-                                            stalk; Eastman, Dr. Chas. A.; Hop-

gates conference, Society American                                        acan  (Capt. Pipe); Killbuck; La

Indians, 301; Indian canoe men, 306;                                        Damoiselle      (Old  Britain); Little

Indian trails, 308; Pontiac, 343; In-                                            Turtle;              Logan; Longboat,    Tom;

dian warrior, 346; Henry Bouquet,                                            Massasoit, 295; Nicolas (Orontony);

(Colonel) 349; mouth Hocking river,                                         Osceola, 236; Owen, Robt. L. (Hon.)

356; Map    Pickaway  Plains, 359;                                            300; Parker, Galie A. (Hon.) Philip,

Logan Elm, 361; Chief Logan, 362;                                           296; Pontiac, 285; Powhatan, 295;

Simon Kenton, 376; David Zeisber-                                          Red Cloud; Sitting Bull, 297; Smo-

ger,  883;  Gnadenhutten,   Indian                                             hola, 285; Tarhe; Tecumseh, Te-

monument, 395; Arthur St. Clair,                                              meney     (Tammany),     Tewanina,

412; Gen. Anthony     Wayne, 421;                                           Lewis; Thorpe, James; White Eyes

Greenville Treaty monument, 426;                                          (Capt.); Wingemund, (Capt.)

Leatherlips          Monument, 433; Gen.     Indians, at period American discovery,

William    Harrison, 436; Tecumseh,                                        277; Algonquin, 284; Athapascans,

439;          Ft. Meigs   Monument, 441;                                      286;

Franklinton Council Monument, 443;                                         Arts  and  industries, 287-290; an-

attack on Ft. Stephenson, 445; Lit-                                             tiquity, 294; Apache, 299; Aid Eng-

tie Turtle, 450; Archaeological Map                                         lish, 340, 366, 404;

of Ohio, 468; Miamisburg Mound,                                            Attitude toward Moravians, 392; and

469; Ft. Ancient, 473; Feurt Mounds,                                         State of Ohio, 409-458; besiege Ft.

474; 477; Stone celt, 478; pottery,                                             Laurens, 379;

480; bone fish hooks, 481; double                                              Bowman's    expedition,  380;  built

burial, 484; Tremper Mound, 486;                                            mounds, 503; Caddas, 286; Caddoan,

crematory, Tremper   Mound, 489;                                          286;

quail tobacco pipe, 490; dog pipe,                                             Canoe men, 306; Creek, 286, 296;

491; Ross county earth-works, 493;                                           Delawares, 285, 296, 313-315; connec-

Mica used by prehistoric people, 495;                                      tion with Ohio State, 304; in Revo-

copper bracelet, Adena Mound, 497;                                        lutionary War, 304; Cherokee, 296;

flint spear-point, Adena Mound, 498                                         Cliff Dwellers, 290, 293; Corn used

Immigrants, Indian relations with                                                         by, 412-292; Characteristic diseases, 300;

414.                                                                                             Chickasaw, 286; Choctaw, 286;

Desert British in French and Indian

Inca Indians, 504.

War, 336; at end French and Indian

India, 458.                                                                                              War, 340-343; Dunmore's Treaty,

Indiana, included in Ohio country, 303;                                                361; embrace Christianity, 285; edu-

Miami Indians in, 316, 449; part N.                                          cation among, 300; early historic

W. Territory, 410; Shawnees moved                                       Ohio tribes, 310-311; effect of Ohio

to, 430; Tecumseh and Prophet re-                                          Company on, 342; expedition against

moved to, 432; Gen. Harrison, Gov-                                        Shawnee towns, 338;

ernor of, 434; Delawares migrate to,                                       Fox, 296; future of, 300-305; conflict in

450.                                                                                             Ohio Valley, 322-350; first Mission



Index

Index.                                    589

 

Indians - Concluded.                         Indians - Concluded.

to, 328-329; first U. S. treaty with,                                           tion with immigrants, 412-414; race

377; factions among Ohio tribes, 414;                                      of discovered, 501-502;

Ghost-dance. 285; Gist visits, 330-331;                                        Study of, 274; social and political or-

Gnadenhutten monument, 395; gov-                                        ganizations, 282-283; Shawnees, 284,

ernment   plans  campaign   against,                                        311-313; Seminoles, 286; 296; Sho-

407; Greenville Treaty, 426, 427;                                          shones, 286; Sioux, 286; Status in

407;r  beginnig  , Oo ,                                  civilization, 290-291; Sac, 296; sig-

History beginnings in Ohio Country,                                            nificance of Dunmore's treaty with,

309; hold balance in French and                                               364; successes affect Ohio settlers,

Indian War, 337; Hosatges in Dun-                                          419; signatures at Greenville Treaty,

more's War, 362;                                                                      428;

Iroquois, 284, 296, 309; intemperance                                         Tenskwatawa, 284; theories     as   to

among, 301; industries league, 302;                                         origin, 291-294; treaties with, 296;

in Miami \alley, 332; in Battle of                                              trails, 306; 308; traders and mission-

Point Pleasant, 359; in Louisville                                              aries among, 325-327;

Expedition, 381.                                                                         Why so named, 277; Wovoka, 285;

Languages    of,  285-287;  Lancaster,                                         Wichita, 286; westward removal, 295-

(Pa.), Treaty, 328; located on Mau-                                        297; Winnebago, 296; Wyandots, 317-

mee, 423; land sessions to U. S.,                                               319; witchcraft among, 432.

453; Logstown Treaty, 331-332; loss    Indian                                    Territory,          Miamis  remove   to

at Ft. Recovery, 422.                                                                 449;    Delawares         migrate  to, 450;

Map showing    Ohio   occupancy, 276,                                       Shawnees migrate to, 451.

302; Mentality and morality of, 281-   Iroquois, idea of Deity, 284; territory of,

282; Muskogeans, 286; Mound build-                                        286; 296; treaty with, 296; conquest

ers and   ceremonies of, 294, 504;                                            of Ohio country, 309; Erie branch

Miami, 315-317; Mingoes, 319-320;                                         of, 310; caution  La Salle against

Moravians, 339, 383-398;                                                          Shawnees, 312; conquer Delawares,

Navahos, 298; Nicolas     Conspiracy,                                         313; Delawares revolt, 314; fail to

327-328; number in Battle of Fallen                                          conquer Tobacco tribe, 317; Mingo

Timbers, 423; office dealing with,                                            branch   of, 319; Tuscarawas, tribe

299-300;                                                                                      of, 321; French traders among, 325;

Oklahoma's civilized tribes, 299; Ohio                                          Lancaster  treaty, 328; Half-King

water-thoroughfares,  306;   Ottawa                                         subject to, 333; Veer toward French,

and   lesser  tribes, 320-321; Ohio,                                            355; aid French in French and In-

friendly to English, 333; Ohio alli-                                            dian War, 336; at Albany Council,

ance of, 351-352; Ohio, in Revolu-                                           (1754), 337; at Easton  Conference

tion, 365; Ohio land titles assailed,                                             (1758), 339; in Pontiac conspiracy,

410; Ohio-Indiana settlers aroused                                            344; efforts to join Ohio alliance,

against, 435; opinions as to charac-                                           351, 352, 355; in   Cornstalk  Con-

ter of, 453-457; Ohio Reservations of'                                       federacy, 357; cede Ohio lands to

449, 450; origin of, 499;                                                              Virginia,   366;  at        Ft.  Stanwix

Physical characteristics, 279-281; Paw-                                       treaty, 410, 413; aid    Congress in

nee, 286; Plains, the, 290; Pueblo,                                             surveying   lands, 411; at Detroit

290, 293; population, 299; phases of                                          Conference, 413; favor Americans in

their  history,  304;   position  in                                                 Revolutionary  War, 414; at Phil-

French and Indian War, 322; Picka-                                          adelphia Council, 420; Senecas and

willanee, Ohio capital, 329-330; peti-                                        Mingoes branch of, 451; 452; con-

tion  President   for  dispersal  ot                                                quer Eries, 460; Mound      Builders

Prophet's followers, 435; passing of                                          compared with, 501.

Ohio tribes, 448-457; prehistoric in   Irvine, General, plans campaign against

Ohio, 458-507;                              Indians, 407.

Religion,  283-285, 297; reservations,

298; "Rights" Association, 302; re-

sent French land cessions, 343-344;    Jackson, Andrew, deals     with  Indians,

Revolutionary  War, 351408; rela-           296.



590 Index

590                                   Index.

 

Jackson County, mounds in, 467.             Kickapoo Indians, 415; Williamson's ex-

James River, Shawnees on, 337.                                                           pedition against, 417; at Greenville

Jamestown, Indian relations, 295.                                                         Treaty, 427.

Japanese, Indian origin, 291.               Killbuck, Delaware chief, Moravian con-

Java, man's antiquity, 294.                                                                    vert,           315;  favors            English,     339;

Jefferson, Thomas, Indian policy, 296.                                                favors        Americans,            386;           escapes

"Jesuit Relations," source of Indian his-                                                death at Smoky Island Massacre,

tory, 310; 383.                                                                            396; 397.

Johnny,   Captain,  Delaware   Moravian                                 King Philip's War, 296.

teacher, 396.                                                                   Kittanning, Delaware Indian town de-

Johnson, Sir William, English     Indian         stroyed, 337.

agent, 312; formulates peace at Ft.    Knight, John   (Dr.), captured in San-

Niagara (1764), 347; influences Iro-                                        dusky campaign, 401, 402; escapes,

quois for English, 352; quiets Iro-                                             403.

quois and death of, 356.                                  L.

Joncaire, Phillippe Thomas, mission to       a                            Damoiselle, (Old    Britain), Miami

Miamls (1750), 330; commandant at                                       chieftain, 317, 330.

Venango, 334.

J oh enango, d' at334.   I, 34.       La Force, Washington defeats at Great

Joshua, Moravian Indian convert, 384.            Meadows, 333, 334, 33

Meadows, 333, 334, 338.

K                        Lake Erie, 305; Indian trail, 307; Iro-

quois Federation, South Shore, 309;

Kanawha River, Gen. Lewis encamped,                                             Indians  on   shore, 310; Tobacco

and forces in l)unmore's War meet,                                        tribe, on south shore, 317; Hurons,

356, 357.                                                                                     on north shore, 318; Indian trading

Kaskaskia, Clark captures, 378.                                                             stations on, 325; Celoron crosses,

Kaskaskias. at Greenville Treaty, 427.                                                 329; French posts on, 333; Brad-

Kansas, Indians in, 299; Miamis remove                                             street's  expedition,  347;  Indians

to, 449; Delawares in, 451; Seneca                                           from, meet Bouquet, 350; 399, 406,

and Shawnees migrate to, 451; Wy-                                        418, 423; Eries on, 410.

andots migrate to, 452.                                                   Lake Huron, 286; Ottawas on, 320.

Kendall, Ezra (Captain), aide to General                                 Lake Michigan, 286; Miami Indians on,

Wayne, 428.                                  16.

Kenton, Sim , spLake Ontario, Celoron crosses, 329; Ft.

Kenton, Simon, spy to Miami Indians,

380; with Clark on Ohio expedition,                        Confede on, 346,

Lake Simcoe, Huron Confederacy on, 317.

Lake Superior, 286; copper from     used

Kentuckians, raid Shawnee towns, 402;            by prehistoric races, 494.

raid Ohio Indian towns, 404, 405; at  Lancaster, (Pa.), Indian treaty   (1748),

Battle of Blue Licks, 406; in Wil-         329, 331.

liamson's expedition, 417; scouts for                             Lancaster, (0.), Tarhe's town near, 444.

Gen. Wayne, 421; militia in Wayne's                          Langlade, Charles, destroys Pickawillany,

Expedition, 422; at siege Ft. Meigs,                                          332.

440.                                   l a                                          Salle,  Marquis, cautioned  against

Kentucky, Indian language represented                                              Shawnees, 312.

in, 286; included in Ohio country,    Laulewasikau,   original  name   of  the

303; in Revolutionary War, 313, 365;        Prophet, 431.

Indians cede to English, 351; Shaw-                             Leatherlips. Chief, 431; death of, 432-434.

nees invade, 353; Boone settles, :306;                          Lenape, name for Delawares, 314.

377; soldiers from in Wayne's army,                           Leon, de Ponce, voyage of, 279.

376;  Bowman's    Expedition  from,                             Levantine, 458.

380; expedition against Piqua, 381-                              Lewis,   Andrew,    (Gen.),   expedition

383; early migration to, 381; British-                                        against Ohio Indians, 338; in Dun-

Indian  invasion, 405; militia   in                                               more's War, 356, Battle of Point

Harmar's campaign, 415; 416, 421,                                         Pleasant,  357,  358;  reason   for

427, 438, 479.                                                                            army's attack, 360.



Index

Index.                                    591

 

Lewiston, Seneca-Shawnee villages and       McKee, Alexander, (Captain), commands

reservation, 319, 451.                                                                    Indians, Louisville expedition, 381;

Lexington, Battle of, 365.                                                                          influences Moravian neutrality, 385;

Licking  County, flint found    in, 479;                                                      aids Indian alliance, 417; conducts

numerous mounds in, 467, 470; effigy                                        British agency on Maumee, 422.

mound in, 471.                                                                  McKenzie, A. W. (Prof.) interest in In-

Licking River, (Ky.), Ruddell's Station                                       , dians, 302.

attacked  by  Indians, 381; Clark                                     McMahon, William, (Major), leads at-

mobilizes expedition on, 382; Battle        tack on Ft. Recovery, 422.

of Blue Licks on, 405.

Little Turtle, Miami chief, 316, 317; leads                   M.

Indians against Harmar, 416; 417;      Mackinac, tobacco tribe at, 317; Brittbt

aids in St. Clair's defeat, 419; at-        fort at, 378.

tacks Wayne, 421; attacks Ft. Re-

tacks Wayne 422 ;  attle Fallen Tm-                              acisonville, mound builder exploration

covery, 422; aBateFlnTi-                                                             at Battle Fallen Tim-467.

bers, 424; at Greenville Treaty, 427;                                          at    ,

450, 456.                              Mad River, Clark's Shawnee expedition

d  d   dtroy  x-  on, 381, 430; Indian Piqua on, 382;

Lochry, Archibald, Indians destroy' ex-                                                                    ^y              ^^          Revolution,

Indian            activity     after       Revolution,

pedition, 382.                                                                                404.

Logan, John, noted Mingo chief, 320;                                       agauga, Battle of, 438.

family  murdered, 354; speech    at                              Magellan, voyage, 279.

Dunmore treaty, 362-363; death of,                             Maine, Indians in, 297.

364;  saves  Girty's life, 377; at                                     Malden, Tecumseh locates at, 437; British

Seneca town, 451.                                                                       Indian retreat from Ft. Stephenson,

Logan County, Seneca-Shawnee tribe in,                                              446.

319; Shawnee towns, 376; renegade                             Mandan Indians, 299.

Indian army, 404; Tarhe's home in,                             Manito, Indian deity, 284.

444; Indian reservation in, 451.                                     Manitoulin, Ottawas living on, 320.

Logan Elm, 301, 508.                                                                Map, Ohio country of historic Indian

Logstown, Indian conference (1748), 329,         period, 302.

330; Indian treaty, 331-332; Miamis,  'Marietta, Ft. Harmar at, 411; founding

at, 332; Half-King's residence, 334.                                          of, Capital Northwest Ter., 412;

Longboat, Tom, Indian athlete, 300.                                                     417; earthworks at, 470; 508.

Longfellow, Henry W., referred to, 284.     Martin Station, (Ky.), Indians capture,

Longknives, 446.                                 381.

Loramie's, (Pierre), trading post, 406.     Massachusetts, Indians of, 297; charter

Losantiville, original name for Cincinnati,      claims on N. W. Ter., 410.

412.                                  Massasoit, Indian chief, 295.

Maumee River, 306; Miami Indians on,

Loud Voice, nickname of the Prophet,                                                 316; tobacco tribes on, 318; Ottawa

431.                                                                                             Indians on, 320; 321; English trad-

Louisiana, Indians of, 297.                                                                    ing stations, 326; important thor-

Louisville, (Ky.), British plan attack, 381;                                            oughfare, 327; British army ascends

Clark retreats to, 383; 413.                                                         in Louisville expedition, 381; Eng-

Lower Sandusky, Bradstreet proposes In-                                            lish  hold  forts after Revolution.

dian Conference, 348.                                                               403; Miamitown, located on, 415;

Lowery, Lieut., killed in Wayne's ex-                                                 Ohio tribes reserve lands on, 414;

pedition, 421.                                                                             Harmar's expedition, 415; objective,

pedition, 421.                                St. Clair's expedition, 417; Indian

Mc.                                                               agency  on, 422; Wayne's      army

reaches, 423; Ft. Meigs erected and

McDonald, Angus,     (Major),   Shawnee                                           besieged, 439-440; 446; Ottawa reser-

expedition, 355, 356.                                                                 vation, 452; Indian land ceded to

McIntosh (Gen.) treaty with Delawares,                                            U. S., 453; Indian treaty at rapids

377; erects Ft. Laurens, 379.                                                    of, 453.



592 Index

592                                   Index.

 

Meigs, Return J. (Gov.) recruits militia,   Michigan, Indian languages represented,

War 1812, 441.                                                                           286; Chippewa and other Indians in,

Mercer County, scene St. Clair's defeat,                                              296, 299, 414; included   in  Ohi

418;  Miami    Indian  lands,  449;                                             country, 303; French traders and

418;is Miae mi an, 453.                                                              missionaries  among  Indians, 325,

Miamis cede lands, 453.

383; Moravians in, 397; part N. W.

"Messiah Craze," 285, 297.                                                                    Ter., 410; Indians    after  Fallen

Mexico, aboriginal civilization, 290; pre-                                              Timbers, 425; British promises to

historic-inhabitants, 465.                                                            Indians, 441; restored to U. S., 449;

Mexico, Gulf of, Tecumseh's journey to,                                            Ottawa tribes in, 452.

435.                                   Milan, (O.) Moravian settlement near,

Miami Indians, 308; Iroquois attacks,             97.

(1690), 312; 315-317; Wyandots neigh-                       Miller, (Col.) at siege Ft. Meigs, 440.

bors to, 318; in Nicolas conspiracy,                              Mills, William  C., archaeological work,

327; at Lancaster treaty, 328; Cel-                                           275; explorations of Ohio Mounds,

oron visits, 330; form alliance with                                           464-507;  classifies  Mound-builder

Pennsylvania, 330, at Logstown con-                                       culture, 467; explores Feurt Mounds,

ference, 331; in Pontiac's conspiracy,                                     43 47

344; deceived  Bradstreet, 348; at                                 Mingo Bottoms, 400

Pickaway conference, 35-2; in Corn-                           Mingo  Indians, 319-320; 321; Croghan-

''~~ ' .Montour influence for English, 330;

stalk's Confederacy, 357; attitude to-      M    ontour influence for Engish, 330;

at Braddock's defeat, 338; at Ft.

ward Ohio settlers, 413; 414; Har-,

Duquesne, Moravian Council. 339;

mar's expedition against, 415, 416;         Duquesne, Moravian Council 339;

reply to St. Clairs message, 415; town on Yellow creek, 354; in Corn-

reply to St. Clair's message, 415;

Indian  alliance, 417; Williamson's         stalk's  Confederacy, 37; Logan,

chief of, 362; towns destroyed in

expedition against, 417; in Battle of                                          chef of 362; towns destroyed in

exped n aaint, 4; I e of                                      Dunmore's War, 363; 377; besiege

Fallen Timbers, 424, 425; at Green-                            ,

Fallen Tim  rs, 44,    ; at G    -                                                  Ft. Laurens, 379; retaliate for Bow-

ville Treaty, 427; passing of, 448;                                            man's raid, 380    in  Muskingum-

450; leave Ohio, 449; cede Mercer                      '   ,.'.         .    .

450; leave Ohio, 449; cede Mercer          Moravian expedition, 388; allies of

county lands to U. S. 453; intel-                       in Sandusy campaign

lige.ce of, 456; migration to British, 398; in Sandusky campaign,

ligence of, 456; migration to Ohio,                     f

4610.400; hatred for Col. Crawford, 402;

in renegades' army, 404; at Seneca

Miami Rivers (Great and Little), 306,            Town, 451.

308; Shawnees migrate to, 313; Pick-                           Missionaries among Ohio Indians, 325-327.

awillany on, (Great), 316; French                                 Mississippi River and    \alley, Indian

drive English from, 332; ndians in                                            boundary, 2; Indians      west of,

French-Indian War, 338; Shawnee                                          286; aborigines of, 290; Indians in,

towns on, and raided by Bowman,                                           293; Indians removed beyond, 296;

(Little) 375; 380; British Louisville                                           Indian  reservations west of, 298;

expedition, follows, 381; Clark's ex-                                         308; French possession, 322; French

pedition to Shawnee towns, 381, 405,                                       forts in, 322; 327; Clark's expe-

430; Clark erects blockhouse on, 382;                                       dition,  378;  Tecumseh's  journey

406; Shawnee treaty with govern-                                           through, 435; Mound-builders and

ment, 411; Ft. Finney, on, 413; atti-                                          culture types, 463, 44, 46

tude of Indians, 414; Indian suc-                                   Mohave Indians, 299.

cesses affect settlements, 419; Indian                          Mohawk  Indians, friends to    English,

Council on, 420; Shawnees moved            337 at Ft. Harmar Conference, 414

from, 430; Mound-builders on, 463;                       d         4   2    u e

at St. Clair's defeat, 419, 425; unite

exploration of earthworks, 465; In-              Delawares 314

dian mound ceremonies, 503; favored         wih D         ,   4.

,     Mohican Indians, Moravian settlement at

region for prehistoric peoples, and         Gnadenhutten, 384.

culture°  6   472~.  rGnadenhutten, 384.

culte o, 4.           Mongolians, Eskimo, not members of

Miamisburg, large mound     and culture          race, 277; Indian origin, 291-292.

type of, at, 469, 472.                Monroe, James, dealings with Indians,

Miamitown, Gamelin visits Shawnees, 415.         296.



Index

Index.                                  593

 

Monsey Indians, Capt. Pipe, chief of,     Muskingum River--Concluded.

386. (See Munsee.)                                                                     mouth   of, 411; Ohio   Company's

Montana, Custer's Indian Battle in, 297.                     Purchase, 412; 413, 417; Indian suc-

Montgomery County, Miamisburg Mound                cesses affect settlements, 419; Mound

in, 469.                                                                                         lBuilders in valley, 463; favorite re-

Montour, Andrew, interpreter Ohio In-                     gion and culture prehistoric people,

dian Commission, 329; mission to                  472,

Ohio Indians, (1750), 330; at Logs-                    N.

town Conference, 331.                                                   Nanticoke Indians, 312.

Montreal, French mission sent to Ohio             Natchez Indians, constructed mounds, 503.

Indians, 330.                                                                   National Indian Association, 302.

Moorehead, Warren    K., explores Ohio         Navaho Indians, increase in population,

mounds, 462, 465, 466.                    298; 299.

Moravian   Indians, 315; in   American            Nebraska, Indians in, 299.

Revolution, 383-398; 401.                                              Negroes, Indian, origin, 291.

Moravian Missions among Delawares and      Nettawatwees, Delaware chief, friendly

other Ohio Indians, 315, 326; in-         to English, 355, 384.

fluence Indians in French Indian          Neutral Indian nation, 310.

War, 339; converts loyal to Eng-          Nevada, Indians in, 29.

lish, 355; Gnadenhutten massacre,       Newark, earthworks at, 47.

398; 399; 420; Canadian Delawares,     New England, Indian languages repre-

so-called, 451; 454.                                                                    sented, 286, 295, 296, 297; English

Morgan Counlty, 508.                                                                            colonization and disputed titles, 322-

Mound Builders, 274; inhabit Ohio coun-                  323.

try, 277, 461; civilization of, 290;  New         Gnadenhutten, Michigan Moravian

294, 457; identical with Indians, 463;             settlement, 397.

Ohio Historical Society, interest in,      New Jersey, Delawares in, 314.

464; 465; antiquity, origin and dis-        New Mexico, cliff dwellers and Indians

appearance, 499-501; racial charac-       in 290, 293, 299, 460.

teristics discussed, 501-502; 504-5C5;  New York, Iroquois and other Indians in,

significance  of  mounds, 502-504;                286, 296, 301, 314; French mission-

Mound City earthworks, 470; com-               aries and traders among Indians,

munism   among, 496; construction,             325; charter claims on Northwest

distribution  and   character   of                     Territory, 410.

mounds, 290, 467-472; effigy types,  N           ,   .

4 e  c d  49, Niagara river, Ft. Niagara on, 347.

471; cultures compared, 492, 499.

471; cultures compared, 492, 499.    Nicolas, Wyandot chief (Orontony), 318;

Munsee Indians united with Delawares,          compared with Pontiac, 343-34; Con-

compared with Pontiac, 343-344; Con-

314; 451.  (See Monsey.)

Mushogean Indi an,  286. espiracy of, 327-328, 409, 452.

Mushogean  Indians, 286.

Mushogean Indians, 286.                   North Carolina, Indians in, 297.

Muskingum   County, flint found in, 479., I                    s in 2

North Dakota, Indians in, 299.

Muskingum River, 306; Indian towns,                         as 308;

Northwest Territory, Indian struggle for,

Delawares locate on, 314, 348, 355;

,-  , 296; Wyandots dominant in, 318;

Wyandots on, 318; Tuscarawas In-          2                         i,

made Indian reservation by    lng-

dians on, 321; Protestant missions        made Indian reservation   by

lish king, 341; Quebec Act affects,

on, 325; Croghan's trading post on,       366; charter claims for, and    r-

366; charter claims for, and or-

328; Celoron buries leaden plate on,

ganization of, 410; St. Clair first

329; Christopher Gist visits, 330;        g         ,

Croghan-Montour   mission                 to      In-         o, 412.

,                         T  Norwalk, earthworks near, 471.

dians, 330; Indians favor English,

339; Bouquet's expedition, 349-350;

McDonald's expedition, 355; Shaw-

nees driven from, 356; Indians from   Office of Indian affairs, 299

in Revolution, 365; Moravian In-          Ohio, Indian map of, 276; 302; Indian

dians on, 383, 387; renegades visit                language represented, 286; Indians

Delawares on, 385; Indians leave                 removed from, 296; Indian struggle,

valley, 398; Ft. Iarmar erected at                 296; Society American Indians or-

Vol. XXVII -38*.



694 Index

694                                   Index.

 

Jhio - Concluded.                           Ohio Historical Society, Wyandot relics

ganized, 302; geography of, 305-309;        owned by, 452.

value of Indian trails, 307; Iroquo-   Ohio Indians, Post's journey to, 339; ex.

ian conquest, dawn Indian history,         peditions arouse, 417.

309; early  historic Indian  tribes,   Oo                                      M                            d                      B     s,  A

Ohio         Mound       Builders, Adena   Mound

310-311; Shawnees in, 311-313; Dela-  i                                      M              B

310-311; Shawnees in, 311-313; Dela-                               culture, 496; origin antiquity, disap-

wares in, 313-315; Miamis in, 315-

pearance and minor types, 499.

317; Wyandots, 317-319; Mingoes,            p

319-320; Ottawas and lesser tribes,    Ohio Valley, aborigines in, 286, 290, 293;

320-321; French-English rivalry for,     Ohio Company proposes settlement,

322; triple conflict for possession,          330; French take possession, 335;

322-350; first mission to Indians of,       build forts, 33; English take pos-

328-329; French   claims for, 323;         session, 340; influence Quebec Act,

traders and missionaries among In-      342; pre-revolution hostilities, 352;

dians, 325-327, 383; Nicolas conspir-    Mound builders in, 465.

acy, 327-328; Pickawillany, Indian     Ohio River, 305; an Indian thoroughfare,

capital, 329-330; Gist visits Indian         306; strategic value of "forks," 307,

tribes, 330-331; Indians at Logstown     308, 312, 328; Celoron's expedition

conference, 331; Indians friendly to     traverses, 329; Logstown    Indian

English, 333; 401; Indian dilemma        conference, 329; Virginia settlements

at close of French War, 341; Indian      on, 331; French erect posts on, 333;

tribes in Pontiac conspiracy, 344;          Half-King's residence, 334; Pontiac

Indian         alliance, 351-352; situation attacks forts on, 347; pre-revolution

during         Revolution,  365-366; Vir-  surveying parties on, 351; murder of

ginia's charter claims, 366; closing       Chief Bald   Eagle, 355; in   Dun-

events of Revolution, 398-399; the        more's War, 357; Dunmore's treaty

commonwealth and the Indians, 409-   concerning, 361; whites prevented

458; white settlers arrive, 409-510;        from  hunting north of, 362; Ft.

part Northwest Territory, 410; In-         Mackintosh on, 377; Bowman's ex-

dian successes in, 419; Archaeolo-       pedition, 380; David Rogers attacked

gical and Historical Society, 427;          by Indians, 380; artery for immi-

Tecumseh called to conference, 432;   grants,  381;  Clark's   expedition

petitions the President for arrest            crosses, 382; Brodhead's expedition

Prophet's followers, 435; Tecumseh     crosses, 387; attitude of backwoods-

and Indians join British, 437; Te-           men toward Moravians, 392; Mora-

cumseh's influence in War 1812, 438;  vian  expedition  crosses, 393; 399;

Harrison dismisses militia at Frank-       Ohio company's purchase on, 412;

linton, 441;  Franklinton                           council,                       dangers beset immigrants, 414; 418;

442;;  passing              of  Ohio                Indian                         proposed as Indian boundary line,

tribes, 448-457; Miamis cede land,        420, 425; Wayne's army transported

449; Shawnees migrate, 451; pre-         on, 420; Tecumseh's claim as Indian

historic  Indians,  458-507;  native         boundary, 434, 435; Delawares mi-

tribes, 460; early explorations of           grate to, 450; Mound Builders, cul-

earthworks, 461; Mound Builders in       ture, etc., 463, 464; flint found along,

463; Archaeological Atlas, 467; low      479; Tremper Mound on, 488.

culture  prehistoric  peoples,  472;  Ohio State Archaeological and Historical

probable effigy mounds, 487; Thomas                                    Society, Museum, 273; Shetrone, H.

Worthington, Governor, 496; Ar-          C., assistant curator, 274; owns site

chaeological research, 505-507.                                               Ft. Laurens, 380; archaeological ex-

Ohio Company (1748), 329; sends Gist to        plorations, etc., 462, 464, 466.

Ohio, 330; purposes and plans, 332,   Ojibways, at siege of Detroit, 345; Brad-

342.                                        street's peace with, 348.

Ohio Company, (Associates), 412, 420.       Oklahoma, Indian tribes, 299; Chitocco

Ohio Country, land and people, 303-321;         Industrial School, 300; Delawares

description  of, climate, drainage,         in, 451; Ohio Ottawas migrate, 452;

etc., 303, 305, 306; Clark's conquest,     Wyandots, 452; "Old Britain" (See

379.                                                                                             La Damoiselle) entertains represen-



Index

Index.                                  595

 

Oklahoma - Concluded.                                                            Paris, Treaty of (1763), 343.

tatives Ohio Company, and visited                               Parker, Gabe A. (Hon.), Indian Registrar

by Celoron, 330; murder of, 332.          U. S. Treasury, 300.

Olentangy Creek. Battle of, 400.                                              Patagonians, physical characteristics, 280.

Olympian games, Indian athlete at, 300.                                 Patterson, Robert, proprietor of Cincin-

Oneida  Indians, Scarowady    at Great         nati, 412.

Meadows, 334.                        Pauli, Ensign, garrisons Ft. Sandusky,

Onondagas, capture town from Eries, 311.       344-345

Ontario, Huron   Confederacy  on, 317;    Pawnee Indians, 286.

Pawnee Indians, 286.

Ottawas and Wyandots driven from,    Peabody        Museum, interested                                        in      Ohio

Peabody        Museum, interested                 in      Ohio

320; Battle of Thames in, 447; Dela-      Mounds, 462, 463.

Mounds, 462, 463.

wares in, 451.

wares in, 451.                       Pekillon, accompanies Brodhead's expedi-

"Open Door," nickname of the Prophet                                                ion,

431.                                                                                             tion, 387.

1Opossum Mound, 271.                     Penn, William, opinion of Indian char

Opossum Mound, 271.

Ordinance of 1787, grants land to Mora-        acter, 454.

vians, 397; provisions of, 411.      Pennsylvania, Iroquois in, ,286; Carlisle

Oregon, Indians in, 286, 299.               Indian School in, 300; included in

Oregon, Indians in, 286, 299.

Orenda, Iroquois name for Deity, 284.                Country, 303; Indian town at

Orontony, (See Nicolas).                                                                      Erie, 311; Indian warfare during

Osceola, Indian chief, 296.                                                                   Revolution, 313; :Delaware Indians

Osceola, Indian chief, 296.

Ottawa County, origin   of name, 320;          in, 314; furnishes English traders

for Ohio, 326, 327; at Lancaster

Treaty, 328; at Logstown Indian

Ottawa Indians, 320-321; in Nicolas Con-                                            Conference, 329, 331  sends mission

sliracy, 327; French send to Pick-                                             to Ohio and forms alliance with

awiany, 331; hep destroy PickMiami Indians, 330; plans attack on

willany, 332; at Braddock's defeat.                                           Ft. Duquesne, 338; Moravians in,

338; resent French land cessions,                                              339, 383; 30  Bouquet's expedition

33, 33 3; 3t0; Bouquet's expedition

343; attack Ft. Detroit, 314; squaw                                            passes through, 349; captives return

saves Ensign Pauli's life, 315; be-                                             it Bouquet, 350; Indians cede to

tray Pontiac at Detroit, 346; de-                                               English, 351; Virginia claims part of,

ceive Bradstreet, 348; meet Bouquet                                        35;   Indian  depredations  during

on Muskingum, 350; at Pickaway                                             Revolution, 365; settlements men-

conference, 352; in Cornstalk's Con-                                        ace   by  Indians, 366; furnishes

federacy, 357; in renegade army,                                           troops for Clark's expedition, 382;

404; at treaty Ft. Mackintosh, 411;                                             Moravian missionaries return from

confirm Ft. Mackintosh treaty, 414;                                          (hio to, 384; settlers from Washing-

Battle Fallen Timbers, 424; sue for                                           ton county responsible for Moravian

peace, 425; Greenville treaty, 427;                                          massacre, 391, 393; attitude of back-

favor abandoning British, 447; re-                                            woodsmen toward Moravians. 392;

main in Ohio, 449; passing of, in                                               citizens of in Moravian massacre,

Ohio, 451-452; cede lands to U. S.,                                           394, 396; Moravians permitted to re-

~~~~453-~~. tturn to, 396, 397; Heckewelder re-

Ottawa River, (Can.) 320; (Ohio) 320.                                                 trns to, 398 fnishes troops for

Overturf, Alva Kendall, descendant   f                                                Sandusky campaign, 399, 407; mil-

Wayne's aide, 428.                                                                    itia in Harmar's campaign, 415; 428;

Owen, Robert L., (Hon.), Indian U. S.                                                  volunteers  in   Harrison's  army

Senator, 300.                                                                              against Indians, 438; 454; Erie In-

dians in, 460.

Perry county, Glenford stone fort, 470.

Pacific Ocean, aborigines probably cross,  Perrysburg, British Indian agency at, 422

292-293.                                  (See Ft. Meigs).

Packinhenoah, chief, in Battle Pt. Pleas-                                 Peru, aboriginal civilization in, 290.

ant, 357.                                                                         Philadelphia, Iroquois Indian Council at,

Paint Creek, Harmar's expedition to, 415;      (1755), 366, 420.

earthworks on, 470.                  Philip, Indian chief, 296.



596 Index

596                                   Index.

 

Piankashaw            Indians, Miami tribe, 316;     Post, Christian Frederick (Rev.), Mora-

Celoron      visits, 330; 332, 415; at                                             vian missionary, influences Indians

Greenville Treaty, 427.                                                              in French and Indian War, 338-339,

Pickaway County, 301; Dunmore's cam- i                                           340; establishes missions  on   the

paign in, 357; mounds explored in,                                            Muskingum    river, 383; quoted on

467; 508.                                                                                      the Indian's character, 454.

Pickaway    Plains,  Indian   conference    Pottawatamie Indians, in siege of Detroit,

(1770), 352; Dunmore encamps on,                                         345; Bradstreet makes peace with,

357; 358; map of, 359; Indians re-                                             318; 414; sue for peace after Fallen

treat to, 360; 399.                                                                        Timbers, 425; at Greenville Treaty,

427; cede lands to U. S., 453.

Pickawillanee, or Pickawillany, Miami In-        427; cede lands to U. S., 453.

dian town, 316, 317; Ohio Indian                                   Powhatan, Indian chief, 295.

capital, 329-330; Gist visits for Ohio                             Preble County, Fort St. Clair in, 421.

Company, 330; destroyed by French,                          Prehistoric Ohio Indian, 458-507.

332-333.                                                                          Prehistoric races, value of archaeology,

Pilgrim Fathers, 295.                                                                              459; studies of in Ohio, 461; types

Pima Indians, 299.                                                                                  of mounds, 465; culture types of,

Pipe, Captain, Delaware chief, 315; sym-                                            471, 485, 492-499; implements of, 474,

pathizes with British, 385; feeling                                              -78, 479; costumes of, 476; village

toward Americans, 386; in Moravian                                        sites of, 476; industries of, 477;

expedition, 388; testifies for Mora-                                            flint used, 479; pipe-stone used, 480;

vians, 390; 399; in Sandusky cam-                                             pottery  of, 481; agriculture  and

paign, 400; 401, 402, 407; death of,                                           other food sources, 482; bone imple-

450.                                                                                              ments, 482; recreation of, 482; bur-

Pipes, prehistoric, 490, 491.                                                                   ials by, 483; religious customs, 484,

Pipe's (Captain) Town, 386, 400; scene of                                            487; burials of, 488-490; crematories,

Crawford's execution, 402; 450.                                                489, 490; raw materials used by, 494;

copper used by, 494; communal idea

Piqua, Indian Pickawillanee, 316; destruc-pp            used by, 44; communal idea

tion of, 381-383; (Upper) Clark de-         among, 496.

stroys, 406, 430; (Lower) 406.         I'resque Isle (Erie, Pa.), Indian deputa-

tion meets Bradstreet, 348; Ottawas

Pittsburg, on Indian trail, 307; eastern              meets  radstreet, 348; Ottawas

gate to  Ohio   country, 308; Fort          cede to U. S., 452.

Dunmore at, 362; Ft. Pitt at, 377;    Protestantism, missionary activity among

403; Wayne mobilizes army at, 420.          Ohio Indians, 325, 383, 384.

Plains, Indians, 293.                       Proctor, Henry A., (General), besieges

Plymouth, (Mass.), colonists, 295.                                                        Ft. Meigs, 439-441; 442; offers Gen.

Point Pleasant, battle of, 313, 358-361;                                                 Harrison to Tecumseh if captured,

Gen. Lewis encamps at, 357; Chief                                          443; attacks Ft. Stephenson, 445;

Logan not a participant in battle                                                Tecumseh    advises  on   campaign

of, 362; significance of battle at,                                               plans, 446; at Battle of the Thames,

364; Tecumseh's father killed at,                                              447, 448.

430; Tarhe at battle of, 444; Black    "Prophet, The" (See Elskwatawa), 429,

Hoof at battle, 457.                                                                    430, 431-432; opposes witchcraft, 433;

Poles, 501.                                                                                              at Battle  Tippecanoe, 435-437; at

Pomoacan, Wyandot chief; 388; permits                                            siege Ft. Meigs, 441.

Moravians to return to the Tusca-     'lrophet's Town, 432; center Tecumseh's

rawas, 390; 401, 452.                                                                activities, 434; Harrison's army en-

Pontiac, conspiracy of 285, 343-350, 409;                                          camps near, 436; 437.

301, 320; sketch of, 321; at Brad- I luckshenoah, Tecumseh's father, 430.

dock's defeat, 338; 351, 448.                                         Pueblo Indians, 290, 293, 299, 465, 504.

Port Clinton, English trading post near,                                    Putnam        County, Ottawa reservation in,

327.                                                                                            452.

Portsmouth, prehistoric earthworks near,    Putnam, Frederick W. (Prof.), explores

470; Feurt mounds near, 473; 486.           Ohio mounds, 462, 465, 466.



Index

Index.                                    597

 

Putnam, Rufus (General), leads settlers     St. Clair, Arthur (General), Indian cam-

to Marietta, 412; serves under Gen.                                          paigns of, 313; first Governor N. W.

Wayne, 419; holds council with                                                Territory, 412; calls Ft. Harmar In-

Illinois Indians, 420.                                                                   dian Conference, 413; Indian policy,

414-415; campaign of, 416-419; defeat

Q                                                                  of and effect on Ohio settlers, 419-

Quakers, 454.                                                                                         420; resigns as head of army, 419;

Quebec, province of, 366.                                                                     420, 421, 422; bodies of his soldiers

Quebec Act, 341, 342; affects property                                               found by Wayne's army, 422; Te-

rights in Ohio, 366.                                                                     cumseh present at defeat of, 429;

Chief Black Hoof figures in his

R.                            campaign, 452.

St. Joseph's Island, Tobacco tribe on, 317.

Randall, Emilius O., quoted or referred     St. Joseph's River, Miami Indians on,

to, 275, 332, 342; concerning Tecum-                                      316; Harmar's expedition   reaches,

seh, 447, 448; concerning Indians,                                            416

451; describes Battle of Point Pleas-                  i        i      o

ant, 358- 507, 5St. Lawrence River, Indians on, ~86;

ant, 358; 507, 508.

Red Cloud Indian chief 300                      colonists in valley of, 316; French

Red Cloud, Indian chief, 300.

eRe  Cloud, India  chf, 30 .               possession, 322; forts erected on,

Red Eagle, chief, in Battle Point Pleas-                                                3

ant, 357.

Red   Hawk, chief, leads Delawares at                                     St. Mary's, Indian treaty at, 449.

Point Pleasant, 358.                                                        St. Mary's River, Pickawillanee on, 316;

Renegades, in Revolutionary War, 403-                                              Harmar's expedition reaches, 416;

404.                                                                                             Miamis cede land on, to Ohio, 444.

Revolutionary War, Indians in, 296, 304,    Salem, Moravian mission at, 384, 388, 393-

351-408; Shawnees participate, 312;         394.

Buckongahelas in 315; Senecas' ar-    Sandusky, Moravian     Indians at, 315;

rival in Ohio, 319; first battle of,                                               French mission station at, 325; In-

364; Pittsburgh and Detroit in, 377;                                           dian treachery, 346; Bradstreet's re-

closing events of in Ohio, 398408;                                            turn, 349; principal Wyandot town,

renegades in, 403-404; post campaigns                                    398; 400; elated  over Crawford's

with Ohio Indians, 409-428; soldiers                                         death, 404; government plans cam-

of, in  Ohio Company Associates,                                            paign against Indians, 407; Indian

412; later effects of, 417; 450.                                                   council at, 420; Proctor's army ad-

Roanoke River, Shawnee expeditions on,                                             vances on, 441.

337.                                                                                 Sandusky (Old Town), 398.

Roche de Boeuf, Ottawas at, 320.                                             Sandusky Bay, Indian trail, 307; Tobacco

Rogers, Robert, (Major), expedition of,                                               tribe at, 318; English trading station

321; "Roger's Rangers", 321.                                                     on, 326, 327; French construct fort

Rogers, David, Indians attack party on                                                 on, 337; Bradstreet's expedition to,

Ohio river, 380.                                                                          348.

Roman, 501.                                                                               Sandusky County, Ft. Stephenson in, 445.

Rome, (N. Y.), 458, Ft. Stanwix at, 351.                                   Sandusky River, 306; Indian trail, 307;

Ross County, Harmar's expedition     to,                                              Mingoes settle on, 319; Bradstreet's

415; mounds explored in, 462, 465;                                          journey along, 349; Logan's Mingo

Society explores mounds, 466; 467;                                          town on, 364; Indians from  during

Spruce Hill in, 470; Mound Builder                                           Revolution, 365; Monsey      Indians

culture in, 472; 496.                                                                   moved to, 386; Delawares move to,

Ruddell, Captain, defends "Ruddell Sta-                                               387; Moravians on, 389, 390, 396; 393;

tion," on Licking River, Ky., 381.                                              395; center Indian                 activity, 398;

Ryan, Daniel J., literary work, 275.                                                      Sandusky   Indian                  town   on, 398;

British hold forts after Revolution,

S.                                                                  403; Crawford's campaign on, 399,

Sac Indians, 296; Bradstreet makes peace                                           404; 405; Seneca reservation ceded

with, 348; 414; sue for peace after                                           to U. S. 451.

Fallen Timbers, 425.                  Scandinavians, 501.



698 Index

698                                  Index.

 

Scarouday, Oneida chief, 334.             Seneca Indians -Concluded.

Schoenbrunn, Moravian missions at, 384;                                               Ohio Indian alliance, 356; attend

British  take in  Revolution, 388;                                                   Franklinton Council, 442; passing of

Moravians of escape massacre, 393-                                         in Ohio, 450-451.

394; 396.                                                                          Seneca Town, 451.

Schweinitz, quotations from  concerning                                  Serpent Mound, 471, 472, 508.

Moravians, 389, 395.                                                      Shackamaxon, Penn's Indian treaty at,

Scioto Company, land sold to, 412.             454.

Scioto County, earthworks and explora-    Shawnee Indians, 308, 311-313; divisions

tions  of,  in, 467,470;  Tremper                                                  of, 312; active in   French-Indian

Mound in, 486.                                                                             War, 314; motives for migrating to

Scioto River, 306; Indian trail on, 307;                                                    Ohio, 315; 318; Senecas incorporated

308; Shawnees on, 311, 348, 356; In-                                         with, 319;   Dunmore's   campaign

dian expeditions to, 313; Miami In-                                            against, 320; in Nicolas conspiracy,

dians on, 316; French-English con-                                            327; at Lancaster treaty, 328; at

test for, 317; Wyandots on, 318;                                                 Logstown   conference, 331; desert

Mingoes on, 319; Celoron buries                                                English in French-Indian War, 336;

Leaden Plates, at, 330. Indians in                                               Virginia  expeditions of, 337; at

French war, 338; Indians meet Bou-                                          Braddock's defeat, 338; expeditions

quet on the Muskingum, 350; Mc-                                              against in French-Indian War, 338;

Donald's expedition against Indians                                           at Ft. Duquesne Moravian Council,

on, 355; Shawnee towns on, 358;                                               339; in Pontiac's conspiracy, 344;

Mingo towns on, 364; Indians from                                           not party to Ft. Niagara peace, 347;

in Revolution, 365; Delawares mi-                                            enter Ohio Indian    alliance, 351;

grate to, 387; British trading post,                                               tribal conference with, 352; Connolly

399; Crawford destroys Mingo vil-                                            attacks, 353; Chief Silverheels killed,

lage, 402; Harmar's expedition, 415;                                         355; Delawares friendly to, 355; Mc-

Leatherlips Town on, 433; Leather-                                          Donald's expedition  against, 355;

lips killed on, 434; Mingoes leave,                                             driven  from   Muskingum   Valley,

451; exploration of mounds on, 461;                                          356; in Cornstalk's confederacy, 357;

Mound Builders, in valley of, 463;                                             towns of, on Scioto, 358; attack

region favorable for prehistoric peo-                                        Lewis' army, 360; Dunmore takes

ples, 472; culture types found in                                                hostages, 364; attitude in Revolu-

valley earthworks, 472, 473, 485; 487;                                      tion,  365;   Kenton   appropriates

Tremper Mound on, 488.                                                           horses, 375; Miami towns of, 375;

Scioto Trail, 307.                                                                                    in siege Ft. Laurens, 379; towns

Scippo Creek, Dunmore encamps army                                              raided by Bowman and retaliation

on, 360.                                                                                       of, 380; Clark's expedition against,

Scott, Charles (General), Indian expedi-                                              381; in Bird's Kentucky expedition,

tion, 417; commands Kentuckians in                                        381; Chillicothe destroyed, 382; in

Wayne's expedition, 422.                                                          Muskingum    Moravian   expedition,

Scrappathus, Chief, commands Mingoes                                             388; allies of British, 398; in San-

in battle of Pt. Pleasant, 358.                                                    dusky campaign, 400; bitterness to-

Seip Mound, exploration, 466; culture of                                             ward Kentuckians, 402; in renegade

builders, 467; type burial mound,                                             army, 404; refuse to fight with

470; 487, 493, 496.                                                                    Clark, 406; 407; attitude   toward

Seminole-Indians, 286, 296; in Florida,                                               Ohio settlers, 413; 414; Gamelin

297; 299; Tecumseh incites, 435.                                             visits, 415; in Indian alliance, 417;

Semitic races, 501.                                                                               in Battle Fallen Timbers, 424, 425;

Seneca County, Seneca Indians in, 319.                                              at   Greenville  treaty, 427; 429;

Seneca Indians, contest with Eries, 311;                                              Clark's expedition against, 430; mi-

(See Mingoes), 319-320; Shawnees                                        grate to Indiana, 430; 432; 433; 435;

"mixed" with, 319; Tanacharison,                                           437; attend  Franklinton  Council,

the Half King, 333; in Pontiac's                                               442; 446; 447; favor abandoning

Conspiracy, 344; meet Bouquet on                                         British, 447; 448; occupy   Miami-

Muskingum, 349-350; sympathy with                                     Ohio land, and leave Ohio, 449;



Index

Index.                                   599

 

Shawnee Indians- Concluded.                                  T.

Lewiston reservation, 451; passing,

of in              O       451,.-452;* intleta  Tah-Gah-Jute, (Chief Logan), 362.

of in               Ohio, 451-452; intellectual

,.~.   ' ~ '.  .  .      Tammany (See Temenend).

qualities of, 456; 457; migration to      m  y (e

Ohio, 460; mound Tc          s        Tanacharison, in   French  and   Indian

ho,4 dceremonies of,

ho, 460; mound  ceremonies o,     War, 333-335; advises English, 340.

504.

expd n .  Tapir Mound, 486.

Shenandoah River, Shawnee expeditions            Mu       , 4 .

'tShenandoah River, Shawnee exTarhe (The Crane), Wyandot Chief, 319;

to, 337.

at Greenville Treaty, 427; 429; op-

Shoshone Indians, territory and language,       at Greenville Treaty, 427; 429;

poses Tecumseh, 433; at Franklin-

286; Silverheels, Chief, shooting of,                              ton Indin Co       , 442; 45, 45

355,-,~~~~.            '                       ton Indian Council, 442; 452, 456,

355.

Sioux Indians, territory of, 286; Custer's

fight with, 297; 299; in War of 1812,  Taylor, E. L. (Colonel), writer on In-

447.                                       dian lore, 319.

Sitting Bull, Indian Chief, 297, 300.      Tecumseh, Shawnee Chief, 300; in War

Slover, John, Col. Crawford's guide, 403.                                 of 1812, 313, 4.29; brothers in Point

Smith, Capt. John, 295.                                                                           Pleasant battle, 357; father killed at

Smithsonian Institution, publishes Squier                                  Point Pleasant, 359; birthplace of,

and Davis' survey of Ohio Mounds,                             382, 430; at St. Clair's defeat, 41!);

461; explores Ohio mounds, 462;                                  attitude toward Greenville Treaty,

interest in Ohio mounds, 463.                                                    430; speech at Chillicothe confer-

Smohalla, Indian Prophet, 285.                                                ence,  432;  takes  advantage   of

Smoky Island, Delaware Indians killed,                                   "Prophet's" teachings, 432; opposes

396.                                                                                             witchcraft, 433; proposes Indian con-

Snake, Capt., Shawnee Chief, 404.                                                        federacy, 434-435; Battle of Tippe-

Society, (Ohio Archaeological and His-                                  canoe,  435-437;  espouses  British

torical), surveys and classifies Ohio                            cause, 437-439; regains power over

mounds,         467;             caretaker           Ohio                        Indians, 438; at siege Ft. Meigs,

mounds,        471;             explores             Feurt                       439; chides Proctor for the Dudley

Mounds, 473-485; explores Tremper                           Massacre, 440; 442; desires person

Mound, 487-488; explores    Adena                             of General Harrison, 443; in attack

Mound, 496; publications of, 507-508;                         on Ft. Stephenson, 445; Tarhe op-

Museum of, 507-508; custodian Ohio                          poses, 445; at end of War 1812, 446-

historic sites, 508; officers of, 509.                               448; holds commission   in  British

Society of American Indians, 301-302.                                  army, 447; at Battle of Thames,

Solomon's Town, Tarhe's home at, 444.                                  448; 451, 456, 457.

South America, discovery, 279; 292; pre-            Teddyuskung, Delaware chief, 339.

historic inhabitants, 465.                             Temenend   (Tammany), Delaware chief,

South Carolina, Shawnees inhabit, 312.          314.

South Dakota, Indians in, 299.             Ten Lost Tribes of Israel, Indian theory,

Spiegel Grove, Society custodian of, 508.       291.

Spanish incite southern Indians, 419.      Tennessee, Indians in, 297; original home

Springfield, Indian  town, Piqua, near,         of Shawnees, 312.

382, 430.                                                                         Teneskwatawa, Shawnee chief, 284.

Spruce Hill, type hill-top enclosure, 470.              Tewanima, Iewis, Indian athlete, 300.

Squier, E. G. (See Squier and Davis).                   Thames River, Battle on, 447; effect of

Squier and Davis, explore Ohio earth-                                     victory,  448;  Delaware-Moravians

works, 461, 462, 463, 465; explore                                on, 451; Munsee Indians on, 451.

Tremper Mound, 488; 496.                                           Thorpe, James, Indian athlete, 300.

Steubenville, site Mingo town, 319, 351.               Tionontati (See Tobacco Indians).

Stone Age, American aborigines bolong,             Tippecanoe River, Tecumseh and "Proph-

290.                                                                                             ct" remove to, 432; 434; Battle cf,

Superintendent Irdian Schools, 300.                                                      435-437; Tecumseh returns to. -37:

Susquehanna   River, Indian  occupancy                                 38; effect of battle on Ohio In-

312.                                                                                             :ans. 451.

Sweet Breeze, daughter of Little Turtle,               Tobacco Nation (Wyandot Indians), 310.

416.                                                                                 Todkahdohs, murders Chief Logan, 364.



600 Index

600                                  Index.

 

Toledo, Ft. Industry at, 453.                                 V.

Toltecs, 504.

Toltecs, Ma50.i t   ,                                                                    Venango, Washington visits, 334.

Traders, skill of s, 326.                                                              Vernon, Ward (Major), commands Ft.

Traders, skill of, 326.

. ~~~, ,_~                 ~ ,Laurens, 379.

Trails, Indian, importance of, 307; Picka-                                            s,

willanee center of, 317 .Vincennes, Clark, captures, 378; expedi-

wTreaty ianee," Greenvile, 34.             tion against the Indians, 415; In-

dian conference at, 434; Harrison's

Tremper, Wm. D. (Hon.), owner of                army marches from, 436.

mound site, 486.

mound site, 486.                      Virginia, settlement of, 295, 296; Indian

Tremper Mound, exploration of and cul-                                 warfare            during  Revolution, 313;

ture of builders, 467; type burial                                   English                     colonization  of, 322; in

Mound, 470; copper found in, 494.                                Lancaster Treaty, 328; organize Ohio

Turner Earthworks, explored, 465.                                                        Company    (1748), 320; interest in

Tuscarawas, Delaware town, 384.                                                        second Logstown conference, 331;

Tuscarawas County, Moravian missions                                  attempts to seize Ohio Forks, 333;

in, 315; Ft. Laurens in, 378; 508.                                                Interest in Ohio Valley, 337; sends

Tuscarawas Indians, united with Dela-                                     troops against Ohio Indians, 338;

wares, 314; 321.                                                                         captives from returned to Bouquet,

.Tuscarawas River, Indians on, 321 ou-                                      350; loss at Battle of Pt. Pleasant-

quet's expedition                  on, 349; M           n-                       359; lays claim to part of Pennsyl-

quet's expedition                  378 ; Ft. Larens-                vania, 352; Shawnees invade, 353;

tosh's expedition, 378; Ft. Laurens                                 McDonald's  expedition                              against

on, 379; White Eyes, chief, death                                 McDonalds       expedition   against

on,  379;  Whites   e yes ci e,  deai t                       Shawnees,  355;       enlistments            for         Dun-

on, 386; British expedition against,

more's War, 356; in     Dunmore's

Moravians, 388; Moravians forcibly           War       Dunmore's t

War, 85i; Dunmore's treaty con-

removed from, 389; Moravians re-,

turn, 390; Moravian massacre, 391-                             cernlng, 361; Indan hostages de-

396; Moravian lvand grant on, 397.                               livered, 362; charter rights involved

3in Dunmore's War, 366; settlements

Tymochtee Creek, Pipe's Town on, 386;                                  menaced by Indians in Revolution,

Delaware town on, 379; scene of                                  366; soldiers compose Clark's army,

Crawford's execution, 402.                                                        378; erect Ft. Laurens, 399; at-

tacked by Indians on Ohio, 380;

U.                            militia in  Brodhead's expedition,

387; 390; Indians menace frontier,

United States, Indian treaties, 296, 377-       3; 390; Indians menace frontier,

398; furnishes volunteers for San-

378;  Indian   population, past and        dusky campaign, 399; charter claims

dusky campaign, 399; charter claims

present, 297, 299; Indian peace con-

on N. W. Territory, 410; volunteers

ference at Detroit, (1783), 304; justi-                                       .                    .

fied in removing Indians, 323; North       join               arrson's army against In-

West Territory ceded to, 410; Te-

cumeeh criticises Indian policy, 434;                   W.

the "Prophet" declares war against,   W     h  R    , i

436; War of 1812, 437; value of Wabash River, important thoroughfare.

436; War of 1812, 437; value of            327  ands assigned to Shawnees o

Thames victory to, 448; Ohio In- 327; lands assigned to Shawnees on,

.Thames victory to, 448; Ohio In-                                   411  attitude      of the Indians  on

dian reservation ceded to, 450; pre-                              411; attite          o     Indians on,

histoicihabiants 45.414; 415; Miami Indians on, 316;

historic inhabitants, 415.

Scott's expedition to, 417; St. Clair's

Upper Sandusky, Simon      Kenton  con-                                  camp on, 418; attempts to pacify

demned   to  death, 377; Wyandot                                 Indians on, 420; Tecumseh's removal

towns near, 399; Crawford's cam-                                to, 432; 434.

paign near, 400; Tarhe's Town near,              W                       h C     y    (d.), M

444;A e  H a  de  a, 45                             Wabash            County (Ind.), Miami Indians

444; Chief Hopocan dies at, 450;

Delawares cede reservation to U. S.,        n

450; Wyandots cede reservation to     Walhonding River, Capt. Pipe's Town

U. S., 450; Wyandot relics from,           on0, 386.

453.                                  Wallace, John, family    massacred   by

Utah, 293, 299.                                 Ohio Indians, 392.



Index

Index.                                    601

 

Wapakoneta,   Shawnee    reservation  at    Wells, William, adopted   white son of

ceded to U. S., 451; Black Hoof                                                Little Turtle, 416; scout in Wayne's

dies at, 452.                                                                                army, 4.21; at Greenville Treaty, 427.

Wapatomika, Shawnee town, 376; Indian                                Wend at Indians, (See Wyandot), 318.

army under renegades assembled at,                          Westenhaver Mound, exploration, and

404; 405, 406.                              culture type of, 466, 467, 496, 498.

Ward, Ensign, constructs post at Ohio       West Virginia, included in Ohio Coun-

Forks, 334.                                 try, 303; Indians cede to English,

151; General Lewis encamps at Pt

War of 1812, 284; Indians in, 296; closesleasant in            357.

Pleasant in, 357.

Indian  occupancy   of  Ohio, 304;    Wheeling (W. Va.), McDonald's expedi-

Shawnees participate, 312, 313; Brit-                                       ion  tarts from,  5; 382; Ft. Henry

ish influence on Indians, 404; 429-                                           at, 396 404

430; Tarhe opposes British-Indian     Wheeling Creek    (Va.), Celoron buries

alliance, 445; 452, 455.                                                              leaden plates at, 329; Virginia set-

Warren   County, Ft. Ancient in, 466;                                                  tiers mobilize at, 353.

467, 470; "Serpent" Mound in, 471;    White Eyes (Captain), Delaware chief,

508.                                                                                             315; friendly to English, 339, 355;

Warren (Pa.), Celoron visits with leaden                                             maintains Delaware neutrality, 385;

plates, 329.                                                                                 death of, 386.

"Warrior's Trail," 307.                     White River, Shawnees and Delawares

Washington County (Pa.), settlers of re-         locate on, 430, 450.

sponsible   for Moravian  massacre,   Whittlesley, Charles (Colonel), explores

391s 393.                                   Ohio mounds, 461, 462, 465.

391r r ~, 393.                                      Wichitaws, Indians, 286.

Washington, D. C., headquarters Society                                 ilkison, James (Colonel), ordered to

Wilkinson, James (Colonel), ordered to

American Indians, 302.                      bury St. Clair's dead, 422.

Washington, George, mission to French,                                  Williams, Roger, 295, 433.

defeats La Force at Great Meadows,                           Williamson, David (Colonel), leader of

evacuates Ft. Necessity, occupies           Moravian expedition, 393-396, 399.

Ft. Duquesne, 333; at Logstown,       Williamson, James (Colonel), Indian ex-

334; defeats La Force, 338; serves                                            pedition and battle of Olentangy,

with Forbes at Ft. Duquesne, 338;                                              400, 417.

opinions of Indian   war methods,     Wingemund     (Captain), Delaware    war

340; Cornwallis surrenders to, 398;                                            chief, 315, 388; British messenger to

disbands army, 403; countermands                                          Moravians, 389, 399; 401; sees Craw-

Ohio Indian campaigns, 407; orders                                         ford's execution, 402; 407; village

Harmar's   expedition, 415;   plans                                            of, 400.

campaign against Ohio Indians, 417;                            Winnebago Indians, 296.

connection with Ohio Indian war-                                 Wisconsin, Indians in and languages rep-

fare, 419.                                                                                    resented, 286, 299; earlier home of

Washington (State) Indian language rep-                                             iamis, 316; part N. W. Territory,

resented, 286.                                                                             410;   Delawares   in,  451;  effigy

Wayne, Anthony     (General), at Fallen                                              mounds in, 486.

Timbers, 313, 423; appointed corm     World's Columbian Exposition, conducts

mander of north-west army, 419;                                             explorations among Ohio mounds,

prepares expedition, 420; route taken                                        462.

In campaign, 421; successful at Ft.

Recovery, 422; erects Ft. Stephen-    Worthington, Thomas (Governor), Adena

427; relics of campaign, 427-428 430. Wovoka, Indian prophet, 285.

435,    l444, 452.                     Wyandot   Club,   erects  monument   to

435, 444, 452.

Wea   Indians, Miami tribe, 316, 415;            Leatherlips, 434.

Scott's expedition against, 417; at   Wyandot County (Kan.), Wyandot In

Greenville Treaty, 427.                    dians remove to, 452.

Weiser, Conrad, commissioner to Ohio        Wyandot County, (O.), Delawares in,

Indians, 328-329.                          314; Tarhe's Town in, 4',4.



602 Index

602                                  Index.

 

Wyandot Indians, 310; reasons for corn-    Wyandot Indians--Concluded.

ing to Ohio, 315; Tobacco tribe of,                                 reservation of, 450; passing of in

317-319; Mingoes live with, 319;                                   Ohio, 452; cede lands to U. S., 453;

allies  of  Ottawas, 320; mission                                     bravery of, 456; 457; migration to

stations at Sandusky and Detroit,                                    Ohio, 460.

325; Hurons unite with, 327; Cro-    Wyandot Town, Croghan and Montour

ghan-Montour influence for English,       visit (1750), 330.

330;- at Logstown conference, 331; in

Pontiac's conspiracynfe, 4; in s   o  Wyllys, John (Major), Indians defeat,

Pontiac's conspiracy, 344; in siege of

Detroit, 345; deceive Bradstreet, 348;    416.

Wyoming, Indians in, 299.

meet Bouquet on Muskingum, 350;

at Pickaway   conference, 352; in

Cornstalk's Confederacy, 357; in

Battle Pt. Pleasant, 358; in Revolu-  Xenia, Bowman's Expedition to Indian

tionary War, 365, 386; retaliate for      towns near, 380.

Bowman's raid, 380; missionaries

among, 383; in Muskingum expedi-                        Y

tion,         388;        Moravian           settlement

tion,         388;        Moravian           settlement   Yellow  Creek, Logan's family murdered

among, 389; Allies of British, 398;ly mur

at, 354, 355.

Crawford's campaign against, 399;         at, 354, 35.

401, 402; in renegade's army, 404,

407; at Ft. Stephenson, 411; atti-

tude toward Ohio settlers, 413; con-

firm  Ft. McIntosh treaty, 414; at-  Zane, Ebenezer (Colonel), commands Ft.

tack on Big Bottom, 417; St. Clair's      Henry at second siege of, 406.

Defeat, 418; Battle Fallen Timbers,                              Zane, Isaac, at Greenville Treaty. 427.

424, 425; at Greenville Treaty, 427;                             Zeisberger, David, Moravian Missionary,

429, 432; oppose Tecumseh's plan,                                           315; establishes missions on Mus-

433; at Franklinton Indian Council,                                kingum River, 384; quotation from

442; 444; chiefs at Fallen Timbers,                                           biography of, 389, 390; feeling over

444; Favor abandoning British, 447;                                          Tuscarawas massacre, 391; last years

remain in Ohio, 449; Delaware res-                                         and death of, 396, 397; opinion of

ervation near, 450; Upper Sandusky                                         Indian character, 454-455; 507.