Ohio History Journal

Ohio's Monument to General Anthony Wayne 37

Ohio's Monument to General Anthony Wayne  37

the cabinet of President Hoover in Honorable Walter

F. Brown, Postmaster-General. Had he been present

he would have been accorded a most generous welcome.

Naturally unusual interest centered in the distin-

guished guest, William Wayne of Paoli, Pennsylvania.

He is a lineal descendant of General Anthony Wayne,

a successful business man and a former member of the

General Assembly of Pennsylvania. Asked if he had

held any other government position, he smilingly replied

"No, this is my only offense." He left a most favorable

impression and his presentations at the dedication and

the banquet were heartily cheered.



The Historical Society of Northwestern Ohio with

commendable enterprise had a complete stenographic

report made of all the exercises incident to the unveil-

ing and dedication of the monument to General Anthony

Wayne on September 14, 1929. This report was

promptly published and the editor of the QUARTERLY is

under great obligations for the privilege of using this

report in the preparation of copy for the QUARTERLY.




(Courtesy of Alfred Koch)


Books --

1. Butterfield, C. W. -- History of the Girtys.

2. Jackson, ----   History of the Indian Wars.

3. "The Report of General Wayne on the Battle of Faller.

Timbers." In Slocum, C. E. --- History of the Mau-

mee River Basin, pp. 207-211.

38 Ohio Arch

38        Ohio Arch. and Hist. Society Publications


Maps --

1. Dr. Belknap's Map of Wayne's Route in the Maumee

Valley, 1794. In Hulbert, A. B. -- Historic High-

ways, v. 8, p. 197.

2. "Ohio in 1835." This map shows the old Northwestern

Territory as it was in 1835. Wood County includes what

is now Lucas County, then unborn. Toledo, or Port

Lawrence, is located in Monroe County, Michigan.

Other near-by counties have not yet been born. De-

fiance is still Fort Defiance; Fremont is Lower San-

dusky; Findlay is Fort Findlay. Loaned by the His-

torical Society of Northwestern Ohio.

3. "Port Lawrence and Vistula."

Pictures --

1. "Chief Tarhe -- the Crane."   Ohio State Archaeological

and Historical Society -- Publications, v. 14, p. 133.

2. Photographic copy of the Greenville Treaty.

3. "The Treaty of Greenville." Ohio State Archaeological

and Historical Society -- Publications, v. 7.

4. "Turkey Foot Rock -- original site;" "Roche de Boeuf

on the Maumee." Ohio State Archaeological and His-

torical Society -- Publications, v. 18, pp. 146, 147.

5. "Little Turtle." Ohio State Archaeological and Histori-

cal Society -- Publications, v. II, p. 32.


Books --

1. Peters, W. E.-- Ohio Lands and Their Subdivision.

2. Slocum, C. E. -- The Ohio Country, 1783-1815.

3. Howells, W. D. -- Stories of Ohio.

4. Abbott, J. S. C. -- History of the State of Ohio.

5. Burnet, Jacob -- Notes on the Northwestern Territory.

Maps --

1. "Ohio in 1815."

2. "Land Surveys in Ohio, with early Posts and Settle-

ments." Hinsdale, B. A. -- Old Northwest, p. 291.

3. "Maumee in 1836." The original name of this suburb

was Maumee City. In 1836 it was much larger and

more important than Toledo. The map shows that it

was plotted on an elaborate scale. The lower part

shows the Maumee River, from Ft. Wayne to Lake

Erie. It visualizes many facts of history and is worth

Ohio's Monument to General Anthony Wayne 39

Ohio's Monument to General Anthony Wayne       39


more than passing note. Here are shown the famous

"twelve-mile square reserve" granted to the Indians

by the United States, and the Ottawa Reserve, set

aside for certain Indians. Loaned by the Toledo Pub-

lic Library.

4. "Toledo in 1857." In this map we see Toledo as it was

72 years ago. One can trace the route of the Erie and

Kalamazoo R. R., the first railroad west of the Alle-

ghanies. The Miami and Lake Erie Canal runs

through the city to Manhattan and its route is clearly

indicated. Loaned by the Toledo Public Library.

Pictures --

1. "U. S. Army and Navy Uniforms in the War of 1812-

1815."  Wood, William, and Gabriel, R. H. -- The

Pageant of America, v. 6, p. 291.

2. "Blockhouse of Fort Defiance as Restored." Van Tassel,

C. S. -- Book of Ohio, v. 2, p. 156.

3. "Soldiers' and Sailors' Pioneer Monument, Hamilton,

O." Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society

-- Publications, v. 13, p. 106.

4. "General Anthony Wayne," from an old print. Ohio

Magazine, v. I, October, 1906, p. 338.



Books --

1. "Anthony Wayne Routs the Ohio Indians."    America,

v. 4.

2. "General Anthony Wayne's General Orders."

Michigan Pioneer and Historical Collections, v. 34, p.


Maps --

1. "Camp Meigs." This map was drawn by Lieutenant

Joseph Larwill with a quill pen soon after the famous

siege of Fort Meigs. It is dated July 1, 1813, and

shows Camp Meigs -- generally called Fort -- sur-

rounded by heavy timber; except the cleared portion

around the stockade, which was done for protection

from  surprise.  On opposite side of the river are

shown the sites of British batteries, Dudley's battle

and massacre, and the old British fortification. This

interesting map was loaned by the Toledo Public


40 Ohio Arch

40        Ohio Arch. and Hist. Society Publications


2. "Plan of the Battle of Fallen Timbers;" "Turkey Foot

Rock." Lossing, B. J. -- Pictorial Field Book of the

War of 1812, p. 55.

Pictures --

1. "Statue of Mad Anthony Wayne at Newburgh, N. Y."

The Real American in Romance, v. 10.

2. "Fort Wayne, 1795." Brice, W. A. -- History of Fort

Wayne, p. 154.

3. "Wayne's Battlefield." Wilson, F. E. -- The Peace of

Mad Anthony, p. 96.

4. "Uniform of an American Officer, 1796."  McClellan,

Elizabeth -- Historic Dress in America, 1607-1800.

Miscellaneous --

1. Spurs and Watch-chain of General Anthony Wayne.

Loaned by Ohio State Archaeological and Historical


2. Pipe of Peace. The original grand Calumet or Pipe of

Peace, smoked by General Anthony Wayne and ninety

Indian chiefs at Greenville. Among the Indians the

smoking of the pipe of peace was a solemn ceremony.

It was passed from one to another and each participant

took a puff. Loaned by the Ohio State Archaeological

and Historical Society.

3. Autograph of General Anthony Wayne. General

Wayne's signature is appended to an order to "deliver

112 hunting shirts" for members of the Third Sub-

legion then under marching orders. It is dated Octo-

ber 4, 1795, and is an interesting souvenir of his

famous company. On either side is a copy of a well-

known portrait of Wayne. In another frame is an

artist's conception of the Battle of Fallen Timbers, and

another portrait of General Wayne. Loaned by W. J.


4. Souvenirs of Fort Defiance. Articles found on the

grounds of Fort Defiance within the past few years

include the following, viz.:

Buttons from uniforms of General Wayne's soldiers,

bearing the continental insignia.

Bayonet, from a soldier's gun.

Hand-made nails, used in constructing the stockade.

Fragments of broken camp utensils.

A cane, made of wood from a massive apple-tree which

stood opposite the Fort, and which was said to be

Ohio's Monument to General Anthony Wayne 41

Ohio's Monument to General Anthony Wayne       41

the largest apple-tree in the world. It yielded 200

bushels of fruit in its prime. It fell a few years

ago. The head of the cane is made from an antler

of the last wild deer killed along the Maumee.

These relics were loaned by Abram Smith, of



"The Battle of Fallen Timbers." Ellis, E. S.--His-

tory of the United States, v. 2.

Photographic copy of portrait of General Anthony

Wayne. Original is in the Museum of the His-

torical Society of Pennsylvania at Philadelphia.

Anthony Wayne Flag, which was carried in Wayne's

campaign from Fort Defiance to Fallen Timbers.

Private Johnson, color-bearer, bequeathed this

time-worn and battle-scarred banner to his family.

It is owned today by Captain W. H. Johnson, of