Reviews, Notes and Comments 581
the entire list of the regiment before finding the name
of the soldier whose record is sought. If the name of
his regiment is not given, the quest is almost hopeless.
In such cases, it is a great saving of time to write at once
to the War Department, at Washington, for the record.
This will not be necessary in searching for the rec-
ord of a World War veteran. Any person having ac-
cess to this World War Roster can readily, without as-
sistance, refer to the record sought. Librarians, espe-
cially, will be thankful to the editors for the good judg-
ment exercised in arranging and publishing this work.
The ten volumes already issued run alphabetically from
Abb to Lucas, inclusive.
HISTORICAL BOUNDARY LINE COMMEMORATED BY
ADDRESS BY CAPTAIN C. L. BAATZ.
Several hundred Massillon citizens and friends at-
tended the unveiling of a boulder, Wednesday after-
noon, on the Massillon-Canal Fulton Road, marking the
boundary line created by a treaty concluded between the
Indians and the United States in 1785.
The line formed a boundary dividing the territory
of the United States and the Indians. It extended
through this city along the Tuscarawas River.
The local council of Boy Scouts selected the site for
the location of the boulder on a curve of the Massillon-
Canal Fulton Road near Crystal Springs. The Boy
Scouts also found the boulder upon which has been
placed a bronze tablet.
* Massillon Evening Independent, September 9, 1926.
582 Ohio Arch. and Hist. Society Publications
The monument was erected through contributions
of Massillon school children to a fund created by the
Daughters of the American Revolution to mark historic
spots in and near Massillon.
The inscription on the bronze tablet reads:
This boulder overlooks the Tuscarawas River and commem-
orates the treaty concluded in 1785 with the Wyandot, Delaware,
Chippewa, and Ottawa Indians, whereby the River became part
of the boundary line between the United States and the territory
of the Indians.
Erected through the contributions of the children of the City
of Massillon, Ohio. Stone and site located by the local Boy
Scouts of America, September 8, 1926.
Previous to the unveiling of the monument by two
Boy Scouts, the Massillon Band gave a short concert.
Paul R. Stewart, scout commissioner, introduced the
speaker, C. L. Baatz.
Captain Baatz said:
Primitive people in all lands always have definite trails or
paths leading from one favorite hunting ground to another.
Our Indian trails in Ohio were first made by great hordes
of buffaloes that were obliged to seek other grazing grounds --
like here on this trail, going north in early summer, then south
again before the cold winters came.
These trails always followed the highlands along streams
whose waters were deep enough to carry the Indians in their
light canoes, when large numbers of Indians made these north
and south trips, and when the rivers were frozen. Thus the trails
made by the buffalo became fine roads for our primitive Ameri-
When at war with the Indians, our military leaders, in going
into the wilderness, always led their soldiers over these well-
The trail we dedicate today is known as the "Portage Trail,"
and a brief description of its acquirement from the Indians is here
given. The first treaty concluded with the Indians of Ohio was
made at Ft. McIntosh, January 21, 1785, and was signed by the
Wyandots, Delawares, Chippewas and the Ottawa Nations. This
Reviews, Notes and Comments 583
treaty, with the one entered into and signed by the Wyandots,
Delawares, and Shawnees in January, 1786, were really only
scraps of paper, as the Indians were continually on the war-path
until they were completely subdued by "Mad Anthony" Wayne
at Fallen Timbers, late in the season of 1794. Then on August
3, 1795, a new treaty at Greenville was signed by the following
tribes: Wyandots, Delawares, Shawnees, Ottawas, Chippewas,
Pottawatomies, Miamis, Eel Rivers, Weas, Kickapoos, Pianka-
shaws and Kaskaskias.
By this treaty the Indians gave up the land described as fol-
lows: Beginning at the mouth of the Cuyahoga River, thence
up this river to the Portage; thence over the Lakes to the Tusca-
rawas Portage; thence down said river to the crossing place above
Fort Laurens and opposite the Delaware Indian Village at the
mouth of the Big Sandy River; thence westerly along the Green-
ville Treaty Line to the Miami River; then westerly to Fort Re-
covery; thence southwesterly to the Ohio River opposite the
mouth of the Kentucky River. All lands east and south of the
above line became the land of the United States and this famous
trail was then used as a highway by our hardy pioneers to whom it
offered a great thoroughfare from the Lakes to the Ohio River.
Now, my good friends, we are especially privileged today for
the opportunity to participate in the dedication of this marker of
the "Portage Trail." We are under particular obligation to the
Daughters of the American Revolution who interested the school
children and the Boy Scouts of our city to raise funds to secure
this magnificent boulder and the bronze inscription plate; and
may I express our thanks to them, who this day behold a consum-
mation of their patriotic ideals.
The Eagle Scouts may now remove the colors from this
marker which we dedicate to our American Citizenship.