Ohio History Journal

342 Ohio Arch

342        Ohio Arch. and Hist. Society Publications.


Detroit. This latter officer was cowardly in character and incompetent

in fitness. The scenes are transferred to the Maumee. Harrison builds

Fort Meigs and the two sieges follow, in both of which Tecumseh and

Procter are the leading commanders. The siege of Fort Stephenson,

August 1, was the highwater mark of Tecumseh's daring and general-

ship. No incident in American history surpasses it for thrilling action

and surprising results.  George Croghan, the boy with 160 Kentucky

backwoodsmen, repulses Procter and his army of trained troops and

Tecumseh with 1,000 braves. Gurd does not due full justice to this

event, so honorable to American arms and bravery.

From now on the story is one of British failure. Procter begins

his retreat across the Detroit and up the Thames. Tecumseh has lost

his faith in the ability and even honor of Procter and foresees the

triumph of the Long Knives, but refuses to retreat further and com-

pels Procter to take a stand "where McGregor's creek empties into the

Thames." But on a pretext, Procter continued his retreat, followed by

Tecumseh.   Harrison and the Americans finally overtook the allies

at the Indian village of Moraviantown, on the banks of the Thames.

Here the curtain fell on the dramatic life of Tecumseh, who at this

time was a brigadier in the British army. Followed by some of the

lesser chiefs, at the head of a thousand braves, the Shawnee dressed

in his usual costume of deer skin, passed down the lines to note the

disposition of the troops. "Round his head was wound a white silk

handkerchief, from which floated a white ostrich plume." He fell early

in the encounter. Mr. Gurd does not enter into the controversy as to

who killed Tecumseh. "His mighty war cry resounded high above the

noise of battle. Suddenly he was seen to stagger and fall. Swiftly

the words, 'Tecumseh is dead,' passed down the line.    Overwhelmed

by this crowning calamity, the Indians turned and fled. The faithful

body guard of the great chief carried the body of their dead leader

deep into the recesses of the enshrouding woods. Down the dim forest

aislesthey bore him and so he passes from the scene."

Mr. Gurd has produced a faithful portrait of the great chieftain

and pays splendid and worthy tribute to the nobility of his nature and

to his patriotic service in behalf of his race.




Colonel Orlando J. Hodge, one of the prominent figures in Ohio

history during the present generation, passed away at Cleveland, Ohio,

on the evening of April 16, 1912. On the evening of the day in ques-

tion he had been invited to address the members of the Cleveland

Chamber of Commerce, who on that evening held their annual meet-

ing. He delivered a very interesting and impressive speech, at the

close of which he said: "When you men of the Cleveland Chamber


Editorialana.                       343


of Commerce answer to the last call and come before Saint Peter, if

you will tell him that you are members of the Chamber of Commerce

of Cleveland, I am sure that he will call upon his best angels to sing

their sweetest songs for you." The applause which greeted the venerable

speaker's remarks, as he sat down, was long and loud. President-Elect

Charles E. Adams complimented the speaker and expressed the hope

that Colonel Hodge might live to attend many more annual meetings

of the Chamber. A recess of fifteen minutes was taken by the assembly

previous to continuing the program, during which intermission Colonel

Hodge was suddenly stricken with fatal illness, borne to an adjoining

room, where he lapsed into unconsciousness and died in a few moments.

We reproduce the following sketch of Colonel Hodge, from The

Cleveland Plain Dealer of April 17 (1912);

A soldier of the Mexican war, first clerk of the Cleveland police

court, president of the Connecticut senate, president of the Cleveland

city council, speaker of the Ohio house of representatives, editor and

newspaper owner for a decade, president of the Early Settlers' associa-

tion, president of the New England society, president of the Sons of

the American Revolution, vice president of the Western Reserve Histori-

cal society, a qualified member of the bar, a large owner and dealer

in real estate and president of various business corporations-these are

milestones in the varied and useful career of Orlando J. Hodge of

Cleveland who died yesterday in his eighty-fourth year.

He was one of the few men living who had been an active Re-

publican from the founding of the party, and who had voted for Lincoln

and every Republican candidate since. For many years he had also

been a leader both in humane activities and legislation. The big Humane

society of Cleveland he founded nearly forty years ago, and up to 1910

was its president. He had done much in the making of history himself

and was widely known in the literary field, both as an investigator and

a contributor.

Mr. Hodge came of pioneer Connecticut stock, the reputed founder

of the family in America being John Hodge, who was born March 4,

1643, or 1644, and who was married Aug. 12, 1666, to Susanna Denslow,

born Sept. 3, 1646. Alfred, the father of Orlando J., was born March

9, 1795.

Alfred Hodge married Miss Sophia English, daughter of Abel and

Anna (Caulkins) English and one of her grandfathers in the fourth

generation back was Josua Dewey, Admiral Dewey's grandfather in the

sixth generation. The father, Alfred Hodge, who was a farmer, served

in the war of 1812, and died July 11, 1832. His wife was born in Leb-

anon, Ct., April 12, 1795, and died Jan. 13, 1846 in Cleveland.

Orlando J. Hodge is a native of Hamburg, a town adjoining

Buffalo, N. Y., and was born in a log house Nov. 25, 1828. Orlando

became a permanent resident of Cleveland in 1842. He was first em-

344 Ohio Arch

344        Ohio Arch. and Hist. Society Publications.


ployed in a printing office at $1 a week and his board, his chief duty

being to keep the forms properly inked with a big hand roller while

the presswork was in progress.   In 1847 he was a volunteer in the

Mexican war.   On the way to the scene of operations by way of

New York, the Atlantic and the gulf, the vessel in which he sailed

was wrecked and lost, but he was rescued by a passing ship, taken to

Cuba and then to Mexico.

For sixteen months the youth carried an old flint musket and then

returned to Cleveland with a good record.  As the forcible reminder

of the Mexican war and a complete bar to further military duty on

his part, he carried until his death two wounds in his leg. His next

serious business was completing his education, for which purpose he

attended the Geauga, O., seminary in 1849 to 1851, during a portion of

this period having as classmates James A. Garfield and the latter's future

wife, Miss Lucretia Rudolph. Two years afterwards he was elected

first clerk of the Cleveland police court by the largest vote for any

candidate for any office cast at that election.

In 1860, Col. Hodge went to Litchfield county, Connecticut, on busi-

ness regarding the settlement of an estate and what he planned as a

temporary stay was lengthened into a residence of seven years, crowded

with important events. In 1862 he was elected to the lower house of the

Connecticut legislature and to the senate in 1864 and 1865, serving as

president of the upper house in the latter years, although he was the

youngest member of the body. And the significance of the selection

was doubly emphasized by the unanimous vote that placed him in the


In 1867, Col. Hodge returned to Cleveland, and a few years later

was again called to serve the public. Three times he was elected to the

city council (1871 to 1877), being made president in 1876, and a fourth

term in 1885 and 1886, being again honored with the presidency. His

career as a state legislator in Ohio began in 1873 with his election to

the Ohio house of representatives. There he served four terms, being

speaker pro tem. in 1875 and 1876 and speaker in 1882 and 1883.

Col. Hodge's journalistic career extended from 1878 to 1889, dur-

ing which period he was editor and chief owner of the Sun and Voice.

In 1890 he published the Hodge genealogy, and in 1892 "Reminiscenses."

He had been identified with the Chamber of Commerce from its be-

ginning, being one of the members of the board of trade organized

July 7, 1848.

On Oct. 15, 1855, Col. Hodge married Miss Lydia R. Doan, who

died Sept. 13, 1879, and their only child, Clark R. Hodge, was born

July 16, 1857, died Nov. 29, 1880. He wedded his second wife, Vir-

ginia Shedd Clark, on April 25, 1882. Mrs. Hodge was a daughter

of Edmond Earl and Aurelia Edna (Thompson) Shedd, her father be-

ing the oldest and leading wholesale grocer of Columbus.