Some archaeologists think that the Hopewell had complicated networks through which these goods were traded. The bulk of the evidence does not support that theory. Nevertheless, the Ohio area, especially the Scioto River valley, likely was a major trading locale because 1) it was close to the sources of many materials; 2) the people there had a strong trading tradition; and 3) the social organization of the Hopewell culture was relatively complex.
It also is possible that trade is not the only explanation for the large quantities of exotic materials and artifacts coming into Ohio at this time. The great Hopewell earthworks may have been pilgrimage centers where people brought offerings of rare materials or beautifully-crafted artifacts.
Catalog Number: A 0283/000362 B
Image Number: AL07226